Details Report for:
11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers
Plan, direct, or coordinate the management or operation of farms, ranches, greenhouses, aquacultural operations, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural establishments. May hire, train, or supervise farm workers or contract for services to carry out the day-to-day activities of the managed operation. May engage in or supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, financial, or marketing activities.
This title represents an occupation for which data collection is currently underway.
- Change processes such as drying, grading, storing, or shipping to improve efficiency or profitability.
- Determine types or quantities of crops or livestock to be raised, according to factors such as market conditions, federal programs or incentives, or soil conditions.
- Direct crop production operations, such as planning, tilling, planting, fertilizing, cultivating, spraying, or harvesting.
- Direct the breeding or raising of stock, such as cattle, poultry, or honeybees, using recognized breeding practices to ensure stock improvement.
- Evaluate marketing or sales alternatives for farm or ranch products.
- Hire, train, or supervise workers engaged in planting, cultivating, irrigating, harvesting, or marketing crops, or in raising livestock.
- Inspect farm or ranch structures, such as buildings, fences, or roads, ordering repair or maintenance activities, as needed.
- Maintain financial, operational, production, or employment records for farms or ranches.
- Monitor activities such as irrigation, chemical application, harvesting, milking, breeding, or grading to ensure adherence to safety regulations or standards.
- Monitor pasture or grazing land use to ensure that livestock are properly fed or that conservation methods, such as rotational grazing, are used.
- Negotiate with buyers for the sale, storage, or shipment of crops or livestock.
- Obtain financing necessary for purchases of machinery, land, supplies, or livestock.
- Operate or oversee the operations of dairy farms that produce bulk milk.
- Operate or oversee the operations of poultry or swine farms producing meat, eggs, or breeding stock.
- Plan crop activities based on factors such as crop maturity or weather conditions.
- Prepare budgets or financial reports for farm or ranch operations.
- Select or purchase machinery, equipment, livestock, or supplies, such as seed, feed, fertilizer, or chemicals.
- Supervise the construction of farm or ranch structures, such as buildings, fences, drainage systems, wells, or roads.
- Analyze market conditions to determine acreage allocations.
- Analyze soil to determine types or quantities of fertilizer required for maximum crop production.
- Buy or sell futures contracts or price farm products in advance of future sales to minimize risk or maximize profits.
- Demonstrate or explain working techniques, practices, or safety regulations to farm or ranch workers.
- Direct livestock or crop waste recycling operations.
- Inspect farm or ranch equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Inspect orchards or fields to determine crop maturity or condition or to detect disease or insect infestation.
- Monitor and adjust irrigation systems to distribute water according to crop needs and to avoid wasting water.
- Plan and direct development or production of hardier or higher-yield hybrid plant varieties.
- Replace chemical insecticides with environmentally friendly practices, such as adding pest-repelling plants to fields.
Tools used in this occupation:
|Animal husbandry equipment — Animal feeders; Artificial insemination kits|
|Haymaking machinery — Hay balers; Hay mowing machines|
|Irrigation pipes or tubes — Irrigation equipment|
|Ladders — Extension ladders|
|Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Farm trucks; Four wheel drive 4WD trucks|
|Milking machines — Milking equipment|
|Mowers — Brush mowers; Mowing equipment|
|Power saws — Chain saws; Circular saws|
|Sprayers — Spray attachments|
|Veterinary injection or suction units or accessories — Animal blood collection syringes; Animal vaccination syringes|
Technology used in this occupation:
|Accounting software — AgData Blue Skies Accounting; Datatech The Farmer's Office; Specialized Data Systems Ultra Farm; Vertical Solutions Easy-Farm Accounting (see all 6 examples)|
|Analytical or scientific software — MapShots EASi Suite; SST Development Group SSToolbox; Sunrise Software CropSave|
|Data base user interface and query software — Ag Leader Technology SMS Advanced; Cattlesoft CattleMax; TapLogic FarmLogic; Trimble Farm Works software (see all 18 examples)|
|Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook|
|Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Accutech Systems Corporation AccuFarm-MGR; i.Agri LandMark Farm; International Response Technologies CowChip - Ranch House; Midwest MicroSystems Cow Sense (see all 11 examples)|
|Industrial control software — AGCO Advanced Technology Solutions Fieldstar; ZedX AgFleet|
|Map creation software — DIVA-GIS *; ESRI ArcPad; Geographic resources analysis support system GRASS* software; TatukGIS Editor (see all 9 examples)|
|Mobile location based services software — Global positioning system GPS software|
|Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel|
|Time accounting software — Countryside Data Ag Payroll; Payroll software|
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
|100||Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.|
|95||Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.|
|67||Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.|
|28||Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.|
|11||Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.|
|6||Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.|
|72||Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.|
|67||Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.|
|61||Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.|
|58||Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.|
|56||Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.|
|17||Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers.
Employment data collected from Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers.
Industry data collected from Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers.
|Median wages (2012)||$33.32 hourly, $69,300 annual|
|Employment (2010)||1,203,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2010-2020)||Decline slowly or moderately (-3% to -9%)|
|Projected job openings (2010-2020)||234,500|
|Top industries (2010)||
Self-Employed (79% employed in this sector)
State & National
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data and 2010-2020 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2010-2020). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
for Farm and Ranch Managers
State & National Job Banks
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition.