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Details Report for:
11-9021.00 - Construction Managers

Plan, direct, or coordinate, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Participate in the conceptual development of a construction project and oversee its organization, scheduling, budgeting, and implementation. Includes managers in specialized construction fields, such as carpentry or plumbing.

Sample of reported job titles: Concrete Foreman, Construction Area Manager, Construction Foreman, Construction Manager, Construction Superintendent, General Contractor, Job Superintendent, Project Executive, Project Manager, Project Superintendent

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
90   Core Confer with supervisory personnel, owners, contractors, or design professionals to discuss and resolve matters, such as work procedures, complaints, or construction problems.
87   Core Plan, schedule, or coordinate construction project activities to meet deadlines.
74   Core Prepare and submit budget estimates, progress reports, or cost tracking reports.
73   Core Inspect or review projects to monitor compliance with building and safety codes, or other regulations.
73   Core Inspect or review projects to monitor compliance with environmental regulations. Green Task Statement
70   Core Plan, organize, or direct activities concerned with the construction or maintenance of structures, facilities, or systems.
69   Core Study job specifications to determine appropriate construction methods.
69   Core Investigate damage, accidents, or delays at construction sites to ensure that proper construction procedures are being followed.
68   Core Prepare contracts or negotiate revisions to contractual agreements with architects, consultants, clients, suppliers, or subcontractors.
67   Core Develop or implement quality control programs.
67   Core Develop or implement environmental protection programs. Green Task Statement
66   Core Implement new or modified plans in response to delays, bad weather, or construction site emergencies.
65   Core Interpret and explain plans and contract terms to representatives of the owner or developer, including administrative staff, workers, or clients.
61   Core Perform or contract others to perform prebuilding assessments, such as conceptual cost estimating, rough order of magnitude estimating, feasibility, or energy efficiency, environmental, and sustainability assessments. Green Task Statement
59   Core Apply for and obtain all necessary permits or licenses.
57   Core Evaluate construction methods and determine cost-effectiveness of plans, using computer models.
53   Core Contract or oversee craft work, such as painting or plumbing.
77   Supplemental Direct and supervise construction or related workers.
69   Supplemental Determine labor requirements for dispatching workers to construction sites.
66   Supplemental Requisition supplies or materials to complete construction projects.
48   Supplemental Implement training programs on environmentally responsible building topics to update employee skills and knowledge. Green Task Statement
47   Supplemental Procure Leadership in Energy Efficient Design (LEED) or other environmentally certified professionals to ensure responsible design and building activities or to achieve favorable LEED ratings for building projects. Green Task Statement
45   Supplemental Develop construction budgets that compare green and non-green construction alternatives in terms of short-term costs, long-term costs, or environmental impacts. Green Task Statement
41   Supplemental Apply green building strategies to reduce energy costs or minimize carbon output or other sources of harm to the environment. Green Task Statement
30   Supplemental Direct acquisition of land for construction projects.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Lasers
Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
Levels
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal computers — Pocket personal computers PC
Scanners — Large-format scanners

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — SRC Cash Flow Forecasting
Calendar and scheduling software — AEC Software FastTrack Schedule; Scheduling software
Charting software — Microsoft Office Visio
Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software; Cadsoft Design/Build
Data base user interface and query software — Bechtel Software SETROUTE; Database software; Lombardi Teamworks; UDA Technologies ConstructionSuite (see all 11 examples)
Document management software — Axios Systems assyst; Daily Manager; Site Manager
Electronic mail software — Email software
Human resources software — Profitool software (human resources feature)
Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer *
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Project management software — CBS ProLog Manager; HCSS HeavyBid; Oracle Primavera Systems software; Quantum Software Solutions Quantum Project Manager (see all 8 examples)
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 25 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
95   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
80   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
76   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
76   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
71   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
71   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
64   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
61   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
61   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
53   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
50   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
50   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
48   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
45   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
44   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
44   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
41   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
38   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
38   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
37   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
36   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
32   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
27   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
26   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
16   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
12   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
11   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
72   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
69   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
69   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
69   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
69   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
66   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
66   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
66   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
63   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
60   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
60   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
60   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
60   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
56   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
56   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
53   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
50   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
44   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
28   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
28   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
25   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
75   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
72   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
72   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
66   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
63   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
63   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
56   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
53   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
50   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
50   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
38   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
31   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
25   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
25   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
25   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
25   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
19   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
19   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
10   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
10   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
10   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
  Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
  Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
  Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
90   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
90   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Estimate labor requirements.
  • Implement organizational process or policy changes.
84   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Negotiate project specifications.
81   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
80   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Investigate industrial or transportation accidents.
80   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
79   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
77   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
77   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
76   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
75   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Evaluate green operations or programs for compliance with standards or regulations.
75   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Communicate organizational information to customers or other stakeholders.
  • Communicate organizational policies and procedures.
74   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
73   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare financial documents, reports, or budgets.
  • Prepare forms or applications.
73   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
72   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
70   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Estimate green project costs.
70   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Determine operational compliance with regulations or standards.
69   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
68   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze forecasting data to improve business decisions.
  • Model operational processes.
65   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
64   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Develop operating strategies, plans, or procedures.
  • Develop procedures to evaluate organizational activities.
63   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct facility maintenance or repair activities.
  • Manage construction activities.
  • Prepare operational budgets for green energy or other green operations.
  • Supervise employees.
62   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
61   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop environmental remediation or protection plans.
  • Develop sustainable organizational policies or practices.
60   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Analyze data to determine project feasibility.
57   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
57   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources.
56   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
50   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
50   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
48   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train employees on environmental awareness, conservation, or safety topics.
46   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
43   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
41   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
  • Recruit personnel.
31   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
31   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
27   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
19   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
10   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
100   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
99   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
92   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
92   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
91   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
87   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
75   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
75   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
75   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
73   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
73   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
73   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
71   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
70   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
69   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
68   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
67   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
67   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
66   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
63   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
61   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
59   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
57   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
56   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
53   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
50   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
50   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
49   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
45   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
45   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
44   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
43   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
43   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
43   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
41   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
38   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
35   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
33   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
33   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
30   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
27   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
26   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
26   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
25   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
25   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
25   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
24   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
23   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
21   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
19   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
17   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
15   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
14   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
12   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
11   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
76   Bachelor's degree
12   Some college, no degree
  Post-secondary certificate Help

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Engineering — Construction Engineering Technology/Technician

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
78   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
17   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
91   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
87   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
84   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
83   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
83   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
82   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
81   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
81   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
79   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
75   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
73   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
71   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
67   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
67   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
62   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
54   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
81   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
78   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
72   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
72   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
67   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
61   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

11-1021.00 General and Operations Managers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
11-3071.03 Logistics Managers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
11-9041.00 Architectural and Engineering Managers Green Occupation
17-2051.00 Civil Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
17-2051.01 Transportation Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
17-2081.00 Environmental Engineers Green Occupation
17-2111.02 Fire-Prevention and Protection Engineers
17-2199.03 Energy Engineers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
19-1031.01 Soil and Water Conservationists Green Occupation
29-9011.00 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists Green Occupation

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $40.58 hourly, $84,410 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 485,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 154,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Self-Employed (57% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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