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Details Report for:
13-2021.02 - Appraisers, Real Estate

Appraise real property to determine its value for purchase, sales, investment, mortgage, or loan purposes.

Sample of reported job titles: Appraiser, Certified Real Estate Appraiser, Certified Residential Real Estate Appraiser, Commercial Real Estate Appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser, Real Property Appraiser, Residential Fee Appraiser, Residential Real Estate Appraiser, Staff Appraiser, Valuation Consultant

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
94   Core Compute final estimation of property values, taking into account such factors as depreciation, replacement costs, value comparisons of similar properties, and income potential.
91   Core Prepare written reports that estimate property values, outline methods by which the estimations were made, and meet appraisal standards.
88   Core Collect and analyze relevant data to identify real estate market trends.
84   Core Inspect properties to evaluate construction, condition, special features, and functional design, and to take property measurements.
82   Core Examine income records and operating costs of income properties.
81   Core Evaluate land and neighborhoods where properties are situated, considering locations and trends or impending changes that could influence future values.
79   Core Search public records for transactions such as sales, leases, and assessments.
78   Core Check building codes and zoning bylaws to determine any effects on the properties being appraised.
75   Core Verify legal descriptions of properties by comparing them to county records.
73   Core Interview persons familiar with properties and immediate surroundings, such as contractors, home owners, and realtors, to obtain pertinent information.
73   Core Photograph interiors and exteriors of properties to assist in estimating property value, substantiate findings, and complete appraisal reports.
69   Core Obtain county land values and sales information about nearby properties to aid in establishment of property values.
65   Core Examine the type and location of nearby services, such as shopping centers, schools, parks, and other neighborhood features, to evaluate their impact on property values.
63   Core Estimate building replacement costs using building valuation manuals and professional cost estimators.
56   Core Draw land diagrams that will be used in appraisal reports to support findings.
50   Core Testify in court as to the value of a piece of real estate property.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Desktop computers
Electronic charts or maps or atlases — Appraisal, mapping, and comparison data reporting systems; Electronic flood maps; Mapping or location-based analysis systems; Real estate mapping and property description systems (see all 7 examples)
Laser measuring systems — Handheld distance meters; Laser measuring devices; Ultrasonic distance measurers
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
Single gas monitors — Carbon monoxide detectors

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — CPR International GeneralCOST Estimator
Analytical or scientific software — a la mode WinTOTAL; Construction Management Software ProEst; MicroSolve CAMA; WinEstimator WinEst (see all 12 examples)
Calendar and scheduling software — Govern Software Land and Permits Management System
Data base user interface and query software — Ascend Property Assessment; eTrac software; Softree Technical Systems Terrain Tools; Visual PAMSPro (see all 11 examples)
Desktop publishing software — ACI Appraiser's Choice
Financial analysis software — CPR Visual Estimator; Manufacturing Technology Costimater; Real Estate Center Caparate Calculator; RealData Comparative Lease Analysis (see all 13 examples)
Graphics or photo imaging software — Bradford ClickFORMS; Wilson's Computer Applications RealEasy Photos Plus
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Map creation software — Apex MobileSketch; Emerald Data Deed-Chek; Greenbrier Graphics Deed Plotter; Informatik MapDraw Deed Mapper (see all 7 examples)
Word processing software — Concierge Systems Report Concierge; ValueTech Report Builder

See all T2 categories and examples

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
70   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
67   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
63   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
61   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
59   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
59   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
54   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
54   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
53   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
48   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
42   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
39   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
34   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
33   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
26   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
26   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
24   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
22   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
22   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
19   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
18   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
18   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
16   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
16   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
72   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
69   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
66   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
44   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
41   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
38   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
35   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
22   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
22   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
22   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
22   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
22   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
16   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
16   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
13   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
10   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
69   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
63   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
53   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
50   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
41   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
41   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
35   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
35   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
28   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
28   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
25   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
25   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
22   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
22   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
22   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
22   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
19   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
16   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
16   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
16   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
16   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
10   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
10   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
  Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
  Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
  Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
89   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze market conditions or trends.
89   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Gather financial records.
78   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Estimate costs of goods or services.
76   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
75   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Verify accuracy of records.
74   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Examine financial records.
70   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
65   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare financial documents, reports, or budgets.
64   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Appraise property values.
  • Evaluate condition of properties.
61   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
60   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Testify at legal or legislative proceedings.
60   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
59   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
59   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
58   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
56   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
55   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
51   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
48   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
46   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
46   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
43   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
40   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
39   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Create images of data, locations, or products.
38   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
34   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
33   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
31   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
31   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
29   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
28   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
26   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
24   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
20   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
19   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
19   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
19   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
16   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
15   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
13   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


83     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


90     Every day
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


79     More than 40 hours
21     40 hours
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


50     Extremely important
45     Very important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


55     A lot of freedom
30     Some freedom
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


45     Every day
45     Once a week or more but not every day
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


45     A lot of freedom
40     Some freedom
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


40     Every day
45     Once a week or more but not every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


30     Constant contact with others
50     Contact with others most of the time
20     Contact with others about half the time
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


70     Every day
15     Never
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


47     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


45     Every day
40     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


75     More than half the time
20     About half the time
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


25     Extremely important
35     Very important
30     Important
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


25     Every day
40     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


55     Highly competitive
40     Moderately competitive
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


15     Every day
50     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


20     Very important results
40     Important results
15     Moderate results
20     Minor results
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


15     Extremely important
15     Very important
45     Important
20     Fairly important
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


30     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
40     Once a year or more but not every month
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


20     Highly automated
40     Moderately automated
35     Slightly automated
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


25     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a month or more but not every week
15     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


45     Once a month or more but not every week
50     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


20     Moderately close (at arm's length)
55     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
15     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


20     Very serious
25     Serious
20     Fairly serious
35     Not serious at all
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


11     Very important
16     Important
42     Fairly important
26     Not important at all
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


25     Moderate responsibility
40     Limited responsibility
25     No responsibility
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


30     About half the time
65     Less than half the time
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


20     More than half the time
15     About half the time
25     Less than half the time
40     Never
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


25     Important
40     Fairly important
30     Not important at all
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


20     Once a month or more but not every week
55     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


20     More than half the time
40     Less than half the time
35     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


90     Less than half the time
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


55     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
45     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
55     Once a year or more but not every month
25     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


20     Once a month or more but not every week
40     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
70     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


35     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


40     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


25     Limited responsibility
65     No responsibility
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


50     Less than half the time
50     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


37     Once a year or more but not every month
58     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


30     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


40     Less than half the time
60     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


35     Once a year or more but not every month
65     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


35     Less than half the time
65     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
80     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


90     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


90     Not important at all
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


15     Once a year or more but not every month
85     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


89     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


15     Less than half the time
85     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


90     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


95     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
60   Bachelor's degree
25   Associate's degree
10   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
83   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
78   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
45   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
22   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
17   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
94   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
90   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
84   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
83   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
76   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
71   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
70   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
69   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
68   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
60   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
60   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
59   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
45   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
44   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
40   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
38   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
56   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
39   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

13-1023.00 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products
13-1031.01 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance
13-1031.02 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators
13-2021.01 Assessors
13-2041.00 Credit Analysts
19-4061.01 City and Regional Planning Aides
41-3021.00 Insurance Sales Agents   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
41-9021.00 Real Estate Brokers
41-9022.00 Real Estate Sales Agents
53-6051.08 Freight and Cargo Inspectors

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate.
Employment data collected from Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate.
Industry data collected from Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate.

Median wages (2013) $24.53 hourly, $51,030 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 84,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 12,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (34% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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