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Details Report for:
15-1199.03 - Web Administrators

Manage web environment design, deployment, development and maintenance activities. Perform testing and quality assurance of web sites and web applications.

Sample of reported job titles: Corporate Webmaster, Information Technology Manager (IT Manager), Web Site Manager

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
88   Core Back up or modify applications and related data to provide for disaster recovery.
77   Core Determine sources of web page or server problems, and take action to correct such problems.
72   Core Review or update web page content or links in a timely manner, using appropriate tools.
71   Core Monitor systems for intrusions or denial of service attacks, and report security breaches to appropriate personnel.
70   Core Implement web site security measures, such as firewalls or message encryption.
68   Core Administer internet/intranet infrastructure, including components such as web, file transfer protocol (FTP), news and mail servers.
68   Core Collaborate with development teams to discuss, analyze, or resolve usability issues.
68   Core Test backup or recovery plans regularly and resolve any problems.
65   Core Monitor web developments through continuing education, reading, or participation in professional conferences, workshops, or groups.
64   Core Implement updates, upgrades, and patches in a timely manner to limit loss of service.
63   Core Identify or document backup or recovery plans.
61   Core Collaborate with web developers to create and operate internal and external web sites, or to manage projects, such as e-marketing campaigns.
61   Core Install or configure web server software or hardware to ensure that directory structure is well-defined, logical, secure, and that files are named properly.
58   Core Gather, analyze, or document user feedback to locate or resolve sources of problems.
57   Core Develop web site performance metrics.
57   Core Identify or address interoperability requirements.
57   Core Document installation or configuration procedures to allow maintenance and repetition.
56   Core Identify, standardize, and communicate levels of access and security.
56   Core Track, compile, and analyze web site usage data.
55   Core Test issues such as system integration, performance, and system security on a regular schedule or after any major program modifications.
55   Core Recommend web site improvements, and develop budgets to support recommendations.
55   Core Inform web site users of problems, problem resolutions or application changes and updates.
54   Core Document application and web site changes or change procedures.
54   Core Develop or implement procedures for ongoing web site revision.
54   Core Provide training or technical assistance in web site implementation or use.
53   Core Perform user testing or usage analyses to determine web sites' effectiveness or usability.
52   Core Evaluate or recommend server hardware or software.
51   Core Correct testing-identified problems, or recommend actions for their resolution.
50   Core Develop or document style guidelines for web site content.
55   Supplemental Develop and implement marketing plans for home pages, including print advertising or advertisement rotation.
48   Supplemental Check and analyze operating system or application logfiles regularly to verify proper system performance.
47   Supplemental Set up or maintain monitoring tools on web servers or web sites.
47   Supplemental Develop testing routines and procedures.
44   Supplemental Evaluate testing routines or procedures for adequacy, sufficiency, and effectiveness.
37   Supplemental Test new software packages for use in web operations or other applications.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Computer servers — Web servers
Desktop computers
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Personal computers
Scanners — Computer data input scanners

Technology used in this occupation:

Application server software — JBoss Application Server; Microsoft Virtual Server; Oracle Application Server; VMWare ESX Server
Content workflow software — OpenText Livelink ECM; Vignette Content Management
Data base management system software — Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software; Oracle software
Development environment software — Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition VBScript; Microsoft Visual Studio; Tool command language Tcl
Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Exchange
Enterprise application integration software — Common gateway interface CGI; Extensible markup language XML; Extensible stylesheet language XSL; IBM WebSphere
Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Fireworks; Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite (see all 5 examples)
Internet browser software — Apple Safari; Microsoft Internet Explorer *; Mozilla Firefox *
Internet directory services software — Berkeley Internet Domain Name BIND software; Microsoft Active Directory; Microsoft DNS Server
Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software — Firewall software; Juniper Networks NetScreen-Security Manager
Object or component oriented development software — Embarcadero Delphi; Microsoft ActiveX; Sun Microsystems Java Servlet API
Operating system software — Linux; Microsoft Windows; Sun Microsystem Solaris; UNIX
Video creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Director; Sorenson Media Sorenson Squeeze
Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver; Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Player; Adobe Systems Adobe Macromedia HomeSite; ExactTarget software (see all 5 examples)
Web platform development software — Apache Struts; Enterprise JavaBeans; Extensible HyperText Markup Language XHTML; JavaScript (see all 13 examples)

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 38 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
86   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
65   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
59   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
58   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
58   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
54   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
49   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
49   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
44   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
44   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
43   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
41   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
36   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
35   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
30   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
27   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
23   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
21   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
19   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
17   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
17   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
11   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
11   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
11   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
 Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
69   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
69   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
66   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
63   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
63   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
60   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
56   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
56   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
47   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
44   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
44   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
35   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
31   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
28   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
19   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
16   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
13   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
  Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
  Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
69   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
69   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
66   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
60   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
41   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
41   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
38   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
35   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
35   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
28   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
25   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
22   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
16   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
  Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
  Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
  Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
 Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
 Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
100   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Create electronic data backup to prevent loss of information.
  • Implement security measures for computer or information systems.
  • Install computer hardware.
  • Install computer software.
  • Resolve computer software problems.
  • Update website content.
87   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Update knowledge about emerging industry or technology trends.
79   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
77   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Identify information technology project resource requirements.
  • Implement advertising or marketing initiatives.
77   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Design websites or web applications.
  • Develop performance metrics or standards related to information technology.
  • Develop specifications or procedures for website development or maintenance.
  • Maintain contingency plans for disaster recovery.
  • Modify software programs to improve performance.
75   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
73   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze data to identify or resolve operational problems.
  • Analyze website or related online data to track trends or usage.
72   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with others to develop or implement marketing strategies.
  • Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues.
71   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Document design or development procedures.
  • Document operational activities.
  • Document operational procedures.
71   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
69   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
63   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
63   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
60   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Develop computer or information security policies or procedures.
  • Develop testing routines or procedures.
58   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor the security of digital information.
58   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Provide recommendations to others about computer hardware.
  • Provide technical support for software maintenance or use.
  • Recommend changes to improve computer or information systems.
58   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
54   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
51   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
50   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Evaluate utility of software or hardware technologies.
50   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
49   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
49   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train others in computer interface or software use.
47   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Manage budgets for appropriate resource allocation.
46   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
45   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
40   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
40   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Test computer system operations to ensure proper functioning.
  • Test software performance.
40   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
39   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
36   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
34   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
29   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
27   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
24   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
16   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
14   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
11   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain computer networks to enhance performance and user access.
  Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
99   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
97   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
94   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
93   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
85   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
83   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
82   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
81   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
79   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
78   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
76   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
74   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
72   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
71   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
69   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
69   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
64   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
60   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
57   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
53   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
51   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
50   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
48   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
45   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
45   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
44   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
43   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
39   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
28   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
20   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
14   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
12   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
11   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
11   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
  Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
  Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
  Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
  Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
  Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
  In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
  Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
  Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
  Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
  Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
  Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
  Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
  Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
  Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
 Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
 Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
 Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
 Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
39   Bachelor's degree
26   Post-secondary certificate Help
13   Some college, no degree

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
61   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
56   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
50   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
17   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
88   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
82   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
76   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
74   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
72   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
72   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
72   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
71   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
71   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
69   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
66   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
59   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
57   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
48   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
32   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
72   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
67   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

15-1121.00 Computer Systems Analysts Bright Outlook
15-1122.00 Information Security Analysts Bright Outlook
15-1131.00 Computer Programmers Bright Outlook
15-1133.00 Software Developers, Systems Software   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
15-1134.00 Web Developers
15-1141.00 Database Administrators
15-1151.00 Computer User Support Specialists Bright Outlook
19-4061.00 Social Science Research Assistants
43-9011.00 Computer Operators
43-9031.00 Desktop Publishers

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Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Employment data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Industry data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.

Median wages (2012) $39.01 hourly, $81,140 annual
Employment (2012) 206,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 40,200
Top industries (2012)
Government (44% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Web Administrators

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

          CareerOneStop

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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