Details Report for:
15-2091.00 - Mathematical Technicians
Apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives, processes, equipment, and products.
- Apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to the solution of technological problems involving engineering or physical science.
- Process data for analysis, using computers.
- Reduce raw data to meaningful terms, using the most practical and accurate combination and sequence of computational methods.
- Translate data into numbers, equations, flow charts, graphs, or other forms.
- Confer with scientific or engineering personnel to plan projects.
- Modify standard formulas so that they conform to project needs and data processing methods.
Tools used in this occupation:
|Laser printers — Computer laser printers|
|Notebook computers — Laptop computers|
|Scanners — Computer data input scanners|
Technology used in this occupation:
|Analytical or scientific software — SAS software; TeXShop *; The MathWorks MATLAB; Winstats * (see all 12 examples)|
|Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software; Microsoft Access; Oracle software; Structured query language SQL|
|Data mining software|
|Development environment software — C|
|Graphics or photo imaging software — Graphics software; Winplot *|
|Object or component oriented development software — C++; Oracle Java *; R *|
|Office suite software — Microsoft Office software|
|Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint|
|Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel|
|Word processing software — Microsoft Word|
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
|100||Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|75||Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.|
|54||English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|42||Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.|
|38||Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.|
|29||Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.|
|25||Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.|
|25||Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.|
|13||Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.|
|13||Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.|
|13||Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.|
|8||Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.|
|8||Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.|
|8||Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.|
|4||Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|4||Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.|
|4||Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.|
|0||Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.|
|0||Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.|
|0||Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|0||Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.|
|0||Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.|
|0||Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.|
|0||Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.|
|0||History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.|
|0||Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.|
|0||Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.|
|0||Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.|
|0||Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.|
|0||Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.|
|0||Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.|
|0||Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.|
|0||Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.|
|92||Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.|
|88||Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|83||Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|79||Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|79||Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
|75||Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.|
|71||Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.|
|69||Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|67||Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.|
|67||Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.|
|67||Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|58||Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.|
|54||Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.|
|54||Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.|
|54||Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.|
|52||Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.|
|48||Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.|
|42||Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.|
|38||Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.|
|33||Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.|
|33||Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.|
|25||Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.|
|25||Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.|
|21||Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.|
|17||Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.|
|17||Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.|
|17||Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.|
|17||Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.|
|8||Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.|
|4||Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.|
|0||Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.|
|0||Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.|
|0||Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.|
|0||Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.|
|0||Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.|
|100||Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.|
|100||Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.|
|75||Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.|
|60||Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.|
|55||Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.|
|50||Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).|
|50||Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.|
|45||Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).|
|45||Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).|
|40||Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.|
|40||Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.|
|35||Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.|
|30||Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).|
|30||Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.|
|25||Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.|
|25||Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.|
|25||Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.|
|20||Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.|
|20||Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.|
|20||Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.|
|20||Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.|
|15||Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.|
|15||Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.|
|15||Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.|
|10||Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.|
|10||Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).|
|10||Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.|
|10||Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.|
|5||Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.|
|5||Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.|
|5||Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.|
|5||Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.|
|5||Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.|
|5||Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.|
|5||Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.|
|5||Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.|
|5||Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.|
|5||Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.|
|0||Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.|
|0||Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.|
|0||Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.|
|0||Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.|
|0||Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.|
|0||Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.|
|0||Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.|
|0||Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.|
|0||Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.|
|0||Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.|
|0||Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.|
|0||Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.|
|0||Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.|
|0||Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.|
|100||Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
|92||Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
|92||Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
|88||Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|88||Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
|75||Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
|75||Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
|67||Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.|
|67||Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.|
|63||Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.|
|58||Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
|54||Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.|
|54||Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.|
|54||Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
|46||Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.|
|42||Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.|
|33||Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.|
|33||Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.|
|29||Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.|
|25||Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.|
|21||Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.|
|21||Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
|17||Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
|17||Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.|
|13||Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.|
|13||Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).|
|13||Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.|
|13||Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.|
|13||Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.|
|13||Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.|
|13||Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.|
|4||Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.|
|4||Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.|
|4||Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.|
|4||Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.|
|4||Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.|
|0||Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.|
|0||Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.|
|0||Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.|
|0||Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.|
|0||Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.|
|100||Indoors, Environmentally Controlled
How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
|88||Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
|88||Spend Time Sitting
How much does this job require sitting?
|56||Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls
How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
|44||Degree of Automation
How automated is the job?
|31||Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions
How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
|31||Spend Time Standing
How much does this job require standing?
|25||Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
|25||Contact With Others
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
|25||Frequency of Conflict Situations
How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
|25||Spend Time Walking and Running
How much does this job require walking and running?
|22||Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
|19||Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
|19||Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body
How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
|13||Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings
How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
|10||Coordinate or Lead Others
How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
|10||Deal With External Customers
How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
|10||Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
|6||Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
|6||Exposed to Contaminants
How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
|6||Exposed to Disease or Infections
How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
|6||Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
|6||Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable
How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
|6||Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
|6||Very Hot or Cold Temperatures
How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
|0||Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
|0||Deal With Physically Aggressive People
How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
|0||Exposed to Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
|0||Exposed to Hazardous Equipment
How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
|0||Exposed to High Places
How often does this job require exposure to high places?
|0||Exposed to Radiation
How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
|0||Exposed to Whole Body Vibration
How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
|0||Outdoors, Exposed to Weather
How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
|0||Responsible for Others' Health and Safety
How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
|0||Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles
How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
|0||Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling
How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
|0||Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets
How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
|0||Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection
How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and special agents.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
|89||Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.|
|78||Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.|
|72||Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.|
|22||Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.|
|6||Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.|
|6||Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.|
|61||Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.|
|56||Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.|
|50||Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.|
|47||Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.|
|45||Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.|
|22||Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2012)||$27.32 hourly, $56,820 annual|
|Employment (2012)||2,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Average (8% to 14%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||700|
|Top industries (2012)||
Self-Employed (34% employed in this sector)
Finance and Insurance (19%)
State & National
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.