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Details Report for:
17-2199.07 - Photonics Engineers

Design technologies specializing in light information or light energy, such as laser or fiber optics technology.

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
80   Core Design, integrate, or test photonics systems or components.
74   Core Develop optical or imaging systems, such as optical imaging products, optical components, image processes, signal process technologies, or optical systems.
73   Core Analyze system performance or operational requirements.
69   Core Write reports or research proposals.
68   Core Assist in the transition of photonic prototypes to production.
68   Core Develop or test photonic prototypes or models.
66   Core Conduct testing to determine functionality or optimization or to establish limits of photonics systems or components.
66   Core Design electro-optical sensing or imaging systems.
63   Core Read current literature, talk with colleagues, continue education, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in the field.
63   Core Conduct research on new photonics technologies.
62   Core Determine applications of photonics appropriate to meet product objectives or features.
60   Core Document design processes including objectives, issues, and outcomes.
57   Core Oversee or provide expertise on manufacturing, assembly, or fabrication processes.
52   Core Train operators, engineers, or other personnel.
52   Core Determine commercial, industrial, scientific, or other uses for electro-optical applications or devices.
50   Core Design gas lasers, solid state lasers, infrared, or other light emitting or light sensitive devices.
49   Supplemental Analyze, fabricate, or test fiber-optic links.
45   Supplemental Create or maintain photonic design histories.
32   Supplemental Develop laser-processed designs, such as laser-cut medical devices.
27   Supplemental Design laser-machining equipment for purposes such as high speed ablation.
21   Supplemental Select, purchase, set up, operate, or troubleshoot state-of-the-art laser cutting equipment.
Not available Not available Design or develop new crystals for photonics applications. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Design or redesign optical fibers to minimize energy loss. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Design photonics products, such as light sources, displays, or photovoltaics to achieve increased energy efficiency. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Design solar energy photonics or other materials or devices to generate energy. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Develop photonics sensing or manufacturing technologies to improve the efficiency of manufacturing or related processes. Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Bench refractometers or polarimeters — Bench refractometers
Chromatographic detectors — Photodetectors
Electron microscopes — Microprobe stations; Probe test stations
Flowmeters — Flow meters
Fluorescent microscopes — Confocal fluorescence microscopes; Deconvolution fluorescence microscopes; Total internal reflection fluorescence TIRF microscopes
Fume hoods or cupboards — Chemical hoods
Infrared imagers — Infrared viewers; Near infrared cameras
Interferometers — Autocorrelators; Optical spectrum analyzers; Wavelength meters
Laser beam analyzers — Laser beam profilers
Lasers — Argon-ion lasers; Nitrogen lasers; Tunable diode lasers; Tunable dye lasers (see all 8 examples)
Lightmeters — Photodiode array detectors; Streak cameras
Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM
Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering CARS microscopes; Near field scanning optical microscopes NSOM; Raman microscopes
Semiconductor process systems — Contact lithography systems; Electron beam lithography systems; Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition PECVD systems; Vacuum deposition systems (see all 6 examples)
Spectrofluorimeters or fluorimeters — Fluorescence lifetime spectrometers; Spectrofluorimeters
Spectrometers — Spectroscopes
Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Rapid thermal annealers RTA

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Adept Scientific GRAMS; BPM_CAD; Photon Design PICWave; The MathWorks MATLAB (see all 7 examples)
Computer aided design CAD software — Apollo Photonics APSS; Optiwave OptiBPM; Optiwave OptiFDTD; Photon Design FIMMWAVE (see all 7 examples)
Development environment software — C; National Instruments LabVIEW

See all 44 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
93   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
86   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
83   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
83   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
68   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
63   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
52   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
52   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
42   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
42   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
41   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
36   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
31   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
30   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
28   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
28   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
27   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
22   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
19   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
19   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
19   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
18   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
12   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
12   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
63   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
63   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
60   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
60   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
60   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
60   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
56   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
53   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
53   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
53   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
53   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
47   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
47   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
44   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
44   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
38   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
38   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
38   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
38   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
35   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
35   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
35   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
28   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
10   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
69   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
66   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
63   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
63   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
63   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
63   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
63   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
60   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
60   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
60   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
56   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
56   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
44   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
44   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
44   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
44   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
41   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
38   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
35   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
35   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
31   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
28   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
28   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
22   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
22   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
16   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
10   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
91   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze operational data to evaluate operations, processes or products.
85   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Select tools, equipment, or technologies for use in operations or projects.
85   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
83   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Research advanced engineering designs or applications.
83   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
75   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
75   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Create physical models or prototypes.
  • Design electronic or computer equipment or instrumentation.
  • Design energy production or management equipment or systems.
  • Design industrial processing systems.
74   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Update technical knowledge.
73   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
71   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Identify new applications for existing technologies.
69   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
67   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Document technical design details.
  • Maintain operational records or records systems.
  • Prepare operational reports.
  • Prepare procedural documents.
  • Prepare proposal documents.
67   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
65   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Prepare detailed work plans.
63   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
62   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
62   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
60   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
60   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
58   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
57   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
57   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
56   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Test performance of electrical, electronic, mechanical, or integrated systems or equipment.
54   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
52   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
50   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate industrial equipment.
50   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct industrial production activities.
47   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train personnel on proper operational procedures.
45   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources.
44   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
43   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
40   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
39   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Fabricate devices or components.
38   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
33   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
30   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
29   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
24   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
22   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
18   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
16   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


96     Every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


88     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


75     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


50     Every day
46     Once a week or more but not every day
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


71     More than 40 hours
29     40 hours
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


46     A lot of freedom
50     Some freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


50     A lot of freedom
33     Some freedom
17     Limited freedom
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


46     Extremely important
42     Very important
13     Important
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


42     Extremely important
42     Very important
13     Important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


42     Constant contact with others
29     Contact with others most of the time
29     Contact with others about half the time
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


17     Continually or almost continually
54     More than half the time
25     About half the time
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


13     Every day
54     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


58     Important results
21     Moderate results
13     Minor results
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


38     Very important
38     Important
17     Fairly important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


17     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


17     Extremely serious
29     Very serious
25     Serious
13     Fairly serious
17     Not serious at all
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


33     High responsibility
38     Moderate responsibility
25     Limited responsibility
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
54     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


13     Extremely important
29     Very important
21     Important
33     Fairly important
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


29     Highly competitive
42     Moderately competitive
25     Slightly competitive
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


13     Moderately close (at arm's length)
67     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


17     Every day
42     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


29     High responsibility
46     Moderate responsibility
21     Limited responsibility
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


29     More than half the time
17     About half the time
38     Less than half the time
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


46     Once a month or more but not every week
38     Once a year or more but not every month
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


21     Very important
17     Important
38     Fairly important
21     Not important at all
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


29     Once a month or more but not every week
63     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


29     About half the time
67     Less than half the time
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


29     Once a month or more but not every week
67     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
25     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
54     Once a year or more but not every month
21     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


21     Moderately automated
58     Slightly automated
17     Not at all automated
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


13     More than half the time
42     Less than half the time
38     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
42     Once a year or more but not every month
42     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


78     Less than half the time
22     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


38     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


25     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
71     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
63     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
63     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


33     Less than half the time
58     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


29     Once a year or more but not every month
63     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


48     Less than half the time
52     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


38     Once a year or more but not every month
58     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


21     Important
79     Not important at all
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
75     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


88     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


17     Less than half the time
83     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
88     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


91     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


92     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


92     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
54   Bachelor's degree
25   Master's degree
13   Doctoral degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Physics/Astronomy — Engineering Physics; Optics/Optical Sciences

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
50   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
50   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
89   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
88   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
79   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
76   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
76   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
75   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
75   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
74   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
73   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
72   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
68   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
62   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
60   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
56   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
49   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
40   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
67   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
67   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

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17-2031.00 Biomedical Engineers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
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17-2072.00 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer   Green Occupation Green
17-2141.00 Mechanical Engineers Green Occupation
17-2199.01 Biochemical Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
17-2199.03 Energy Engineers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
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17-3029.06 Manufacturing Engineering Technologists Bright Outlook Green Occupation

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Employment data collected from Engineers, All Other.
Industry data collected from Engineers, All Other.

Median wages (2013) $44.56 hourly, $92,680 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 133,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 29,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (26% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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