Details Report for:
19-1020.01 - Biologists
Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.
Sample of reported job titles: Aquatic Scientist, Assistant Scientist, Biologist, Environmental Analyst, Environmental Specialist, Fisheries Biologist, Marine Biologist, Research Biologist, Research Scientist, Scientist
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
Tools used in this occupation:
- Analytical balances — Laboratory analytical balances
- Automated microscope stages — Automated microscopes
- Barometers — Mercury barometers
- Benchtop centrifuges — Swinging bucket centrifuges
- Bi distillation units — Distillation units
- Binocular light compound microscopes — Optical compound microscopes
- Chemical or gas sterilizers — Gas autoclaves
- Commercial fishing nets — Dip nets; Plankton nets
- Conductivity meters
- Cuvettes — Plastic cuvettes
- Dehydrators — Vacuum dehydration units
- Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers
- Desktop computers
- Digestion systems — Digestion units
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Video imaging systems
- Digital cameras
- Direction finding compasses — Navigational compasses
- Dissolved carbon dioxide analyzers — Respirometers
- Dropping pipettes — Laboratory dropping pipettes; Micropipettes
- Dry wall single chamber carbon dioxide incubators — Water-jacketed CO2 incubators
- Drying cabinets or ovens — Vertical drying ovens
- Electron microscopes
- Electronic toploading balances — Top-loading electronic balances
- Fluorescent microscopes — Fluorescence microscopes
- Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators — Mechanical laboratory incubators
- Freezedryers or lyophilzers — Benchtop lyophilizers
- French pressure cells — French presses
- Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods
- Gas burners — Bunsen burners
- Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatographs GC
- Gel boxes — Electrophoresis chambers
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Handheld thermometer — Handheld digital thermometers
- HEPA filtered enclosures — Biosafety cabinets
- High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High pressure liquid chromatograph HPLC equipment
- Inverted microscopes — Inverted compound microscopes
- Laboratory balances — Electronic precision balances
- Laboratory beakers — Glass beakers
- Laboratory burets — Glass burets
- Laboratory evaporators — Vacuum evaporators
- Laboratory flasks — Erlenmeyer flasks
- Laboratory forceps
- Laboratory funnels
- Laboratory general purpose tubing — Plastic laboratory tubing
- Laboratory graduated cylinders — Glass graduated cylinders
- Laboratory hotplates — Laboratory hot plates
- Laboratory microwave ovens
- Laboratory stirring rods — Spreading rods
- Laboratory washing machines — Glass washers
- Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Laminar flow cabinets
- Liquid scintillation counters — Fluid scintillation counters
- Magnetic stirrers — Heated magnetic stirrers
- Mainframe computers
- Microbiology inoculation loops or needles — Inoculating loops
- Microplate readers — Microtiter plate readers
- Microplates — Multiwell microplates
- Microscope slides
- Microtomes — Ultramicrotomes
- Multipurpose or general test tubes — General purpose laboratory test tubes
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Open stream current meters — Water flow gauges
- Orbital shaking water baths
- Pasteur or transfer pipettes — Pasteur pipettes
- Personal computers
- Petri plates or dishes — Petri dishes
- pH meters — pH indicators
- Photo attachments for microscopes — Microscope digital cameras
- Photometers — Luminometers
- Portable data input terminals — Portable dataloggers
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Radiation detectors — Phosporimagers
- Rapid amplification or complementary deoxyribonucleic acid ends RACE technology products — Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment
- Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges
- Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Automatic pipetters; Liquid handling robots
- Safety glasses
- Salinity meter — Salinity meters
- Sampling syringes — Laboratory bulb syringes
- Scanning electron microscopes — Scanning electron microscopes SEM
- Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Scanning laser confocal microscopes
- Scientific calculator — Scientific calculators
- Shaking incubators
- Specialty plates for bacteria — Agar plates
- Specimen collection container — Specimen collection containers
- Spectrometers — X ray spectrometers
- Spectrophotometers — Ultraviolet UV visible spectrophotometers
- Standard fermentation units — Fermenters
- Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Dissecting microscopes; Zoom microscopes
- Stirring hotplates — Heated stir plates
- Tissue culture coated plates or dishes or inserts — Tissue culture plates
- Tissue culture incubators — Bioreactors
- Transilluminators — Ultraviolet UV transilluminators
- Transmission electron microscopes — Transmission electron microscopes TEM
- Triple beam balances
- Tube furnaces — Carbolite ovens
- Ultra cold or ultralow upright cabinets or freezers — Propane jet freezers
- Ultra violet water purification units — Ultraviolet water purification systems
- Ultrasonic disintegrators — Sonicators
- Vacuum or centrifugal concentrators — Centrifugal evaporators
- Video attachments for microscopes — Video microscopes
- Vortex mixers — Test tube shakers
- Water samplers
- Weather stations
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Blue Tractor Software DNADynamo; Gene Codes Sequencher; VayTek VoxBlast; Visual Molecular Dynamics VMD * (see all 35 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access
- Development environment software — National Instruments LabVIEW
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Object or component oriented development software — Practical extraction and reporting language Perl; Sun Microsystems Java
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
- Plan biological research.
- Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
- Provide technical information or assistance to public.
- Analyze chemical compounds or substances.
- Communicate with government agencies.
- Research diseases or parasites.
- Collect environmental data or samples.
- Conduct research of processes in natural or industrial ecosystems.
- Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources.
- Supervise scientific or technical personnel.
- Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
- Prepare proposal documents or grant applications.
- Classify organisms based on their characteristics or behavior.
- Research environmental impact of industrial or development activities.
- Examine characteristics or behavior of living organisms.
- Care for plants or animals.
- Develop collaborative relationships between departments or with external organizations.
- Communicate results of environmental research.
- Prepare research or technical reports on environmental issues.
- Develop biological research methods.
- Review plans or proposals for environmental conservation.
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|11-9121.00||Natural Sciences Managers Green|
|19-1013.00||Soil and Plant Scientists|
|19-1021.00||Biochemists and Biophysicists|
|19-1023.00||Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists|
|19-1029.02||Molecular and Cellular Biologists|
|19-1029.03||Geneticists Bright Outlook|
|19-2041.00||Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health|
|25-1042.00||Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary|
|25-1052.00||Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Biological Scientists.
Employment data collected from Biological Scientists.
Industry data collected from Biological Scientists.
|Median wages (2014)||$34.59 hourly, $71,940 annual|
|Employment (2012)||104,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Slower than average (3% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||37,400|
|Top industries (2012)||
Government (36% employed in this sector)
Educational Services (14%)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.