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Details Report for:
19-1031.02 - Range Managers

Research or study range land management practices to provide sustained production of forage, livestock, and wildlife.

Sample of reported job titles: Rangeland Management Specialist, Natural Resource Specialist, Land Management Supervisor, Natural Resource Manager, Resource Manager, Range Technician, Wildlife Manager, Conservationist, Grassland Conservationist, Habitat Management Coordinator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
85   Core Regulate grazing, and help ranchers plan and organize grazing systems in order to manage, improve and protect rangelands and maximize their use.
76   Core Measure and assess vegetation resources for biological assessment companies, environmental impact statements, and rangeland monitoring programs.
74   Core Maintain soil stability and vegetation for non-grazing uses, such as wildlife habitats and outdoor recreation.
73   Core Mediate agreements among rangeland users and preservationists as to appropriate land use and management.
72   Core Manage forage resources through fire, herbicide use, or revegetation to maintain a sustainable yield from the land.
72   Core Study rangeland management practices and research range problems to provide sustained production of forage, livestock, and wildlife.
70   Core Offer advice to rangeland users on water management, forage production methods, and control of brush.
70   Core Plan and direct construction and maintenance of range improvements such as fencing, corrals, stock-watering reservoirs and soil-erosion control structures.
70   Core Tailor conservation plans to landowners' goals, such as livestock support, wildlife, or recreation.
70   Core Develop technical standards and specifications used to manage, protect and improve the natural resources of range lands and related grazing lands.
68   Core Study grazing patterns to determine number and kind of livestock that can be most profitably grazed and to determine the best grazing seasons.
63   Core Plan and implement revegetation of disturbed sites.
63   Core Study forage plants and their growth requirements to determine varieties best suited to particular range.
55   Core Develop methods for protecting range from fire and rodent damage and for controlling poisonous plants.
58   Supplemental Manage private livestock operations.
47   Supplemental Develop new and improved instruments and techniques for activities such as range reseeding.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras
Laboratory sifting equipment — Hand sieves
Light absorption meters — Plant canopy analyzers
Measuring rods — Robel poles
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Penetrometers — Impact penetrometers
Permeability testing apparatus — Double-ring infiltrometers; Single-ring infiltrometers
Plant samples analysis equipment — Quadrat frames
Plumb bobs — Laser plumb bobs
Portable data input terminals — Portable dataloggers
Tape measures — Measuring tapes

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — SAS software; The MathWorks MATLAB; USDA SamplePoint *; Viper Tools * (see all 21 examples)
Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access; National Resources Conservation Service Ecological Site Information System ESIS *; USDA ARS Database for Inventory, Monitoring and Assessment DIMA *; USDA NRCS VegSpec * (see all 7 examples)
Data mining software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; GNU Image Manipulation Program GIMP *
Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software; Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE; RSAC Riparian Mapping Tool *; USDA NRCS Soil Data Viewer * (see all 6 examples)
Object or component oriented development software — Oracle Java *; Practical extraction and reporting language Perl; Python; R *
Operating system software — Linux; UNIX
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 28 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
75   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
70   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
67   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
65   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
63   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
61   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
50   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
49   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
49   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
49   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
45   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
45   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
44   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
42   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
42   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
41   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
38   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
38   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
37   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
36   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
34   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
34   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
33   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
32   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
32   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
30   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
30   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
21   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
14   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
11   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
69   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
69   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
66   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
66   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
66   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
60   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
60   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
56   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
56   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
56   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
56   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
56   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
56   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
56   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
53   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
44   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
44   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
44   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
35   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
28   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
22   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
72   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
66   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
63   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
63   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
63   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
56   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
53   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
44   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
38   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
38   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
38   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
38   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
35   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
35   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
35   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
35   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
35   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
35   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
31   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
31   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
31   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
28   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
28   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
28   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
25   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
25   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
22   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
22   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
19   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
19   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
90   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Measure environmental characteristics.
89   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
87   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Research crop management methods.
  • Research livestock management methods.
86   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
85   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
85   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
85   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
84   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
83   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
82   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
82   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
82   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
82   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
81   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Develop agricultural methods.
80   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Mediate disputes.
78   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
78   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
78   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
76   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
74   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
73   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
72   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
71   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
68   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
68   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
68   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop environmental sustainability plans or projects.
  • Develop plans to manage natural or renewable resources.
  • Plan natural resources conservation or restoration programs.
65   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise others about land management or conservation.
64   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
63   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
59   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
56   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
54   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Manage agricultural or forestry operations.
54   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
52   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
50   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
43   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
39   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
33   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
33   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
30   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
17   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


93     Every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


91     Every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


78     Constant contact with others
22     Contact with others most of the time
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


76     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


55     Extremely important
40     Very important
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


46     Extremely important
46     Very important
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


39     A lot of freedom
49     Some freedom
11     Limited freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


30     A lot of freedom
57     Some freedom
12     Limited freedom
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


33     Every day
47     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


23     Every day
63     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


24     Extremely important
49     Very important
23     Important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


42     Very important results
27     Important results
11     Moderate results
20     Minor results
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


40     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


12     Every day
64     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


22     Extremely important
43     Very important
33     Important
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


40     More than 40 hours
60     40 hours
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


77     Once a week or more but not every day
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


33     Once a week or more but not every day
57     Once a month or more but not every week
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


51     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


28     Very high responsibility
20     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
27     Limited responsibility
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


38     Very high responsibility
26     Moderate responsibility
26     Limited responsibility
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


38     More than half the time
47     About half the time
14     Less than half the time
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


15     Every day
63     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


32     Very important
33     Important
26     Fairly important
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


27     Once a week or more but not every day
47     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


36     Highly competitive
34     Moderately competitive
26     Slightly competitive
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
47     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


21     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
40     Once a year or more but not every month
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


23     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


18     Moderately close (at arm's length)
38     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
41     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
32     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


24     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
41     Once a year or more but not every month
18     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


12     Very serious
31     Serious
42     Fairly serious
12     Not serious at all
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


16     Highly automated
35     Moderately automated
36     Slightly automated
13     Not at all automated
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


42     About half the time
52     Less than half the time
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


29     About half the time
63     Less than half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


14     About half the time
71     Less than half the time
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


11     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
28     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


72     Less than half the time
11     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


20     Once a month or more but not every week
54     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


16     Once a month or more but not every week
57     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
59     Once a year or more but not every month
28     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


12     Once a month or more but not every week
42     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


57     Once a year or more but not every month
34     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


67     Less than half the time
26     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


27     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
68     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


18     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Once a year or more but not every month
60     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


47     Less than half the time
53     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


26     Once a year or more but not every month
66     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


43     Less than half the time
57     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


23     Once a year or more but not every month
77     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
82     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


14     Fairly important
86     Not important at all
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


99     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
72   Bachelor's degree
11   Some college, no degree
11   Master's degree

This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:

Life Sciences — Forest Sciences and Biology; Forestry; Natural Resources and Conservation, Other; Natural Resources Management and Policy; Natural Resources/Conservation, General; Wildlife and Wildlands Science and Management

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
83   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
83   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
45   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
11   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
87   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
82   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
80   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
78   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
77   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
73   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
71   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
70   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
69   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
67   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
67   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
66   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
65   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
65   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
60   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
51   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
72   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
50   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
50   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
45   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

11-9161.00 Emergency Management Directors
13-1041.01 Environmental Compliance Inspectors
19-1023.00 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists Green Occupation
19-1031.01 Soil and Water Conservationists   Green Occupation Green
19-1032.00 Foresters
19-2041.00 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health Green Occupation
19-2043.00 Hydrologists Green Occupation
19-4091.00 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health Green Occupation
29-9011.00 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists Green Occupation
45-1011.06 First-Line Supervisors of Aquacultural Workers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Conservation Scientists.
Employment data collected from Conservation Scientists.
Industry data collected from Conservation Scientists.

Median wages (2013) $29.43 hourly, $61,220 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 22,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 6,600
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (69% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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