Details Report for:
19-1042.00 - Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research.
Sample of reported job titles: Associate Director, Experimental Medicine; Clinical Laboratory Scientist; Clinical Pharmacologist; Investigator; Laboratory Director; Post-Doctoral Fellow; Research Scientist; Scientist; Senior Research Scientist; Senior Scientist
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
Tools used in this occupation:
- Atomic absorption AA spectrometers — Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers
- Benchtop centrifuges — Automated centrifuges; Centrifuges; High-speed centrifuges; Tabletop centrifuges
- Beta counters
- Binocular light compound microscopes
- Blood gas analyzers — Blood gas machines
- Calorimeters — Bomb calorimeters
- Chemistry analyzers — Mercury analyzers
- Chromatography tubing — Absorption tubes; Chromatographic tubes
- Coagulation analyzers — Coagulation machines
- Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid cDNA synthesis kits — Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers
- Conductivity meters — Electrical conductivity meters
- Deoxyribonucleic sequence analyzers — Automated deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers
- Desktop computers
- Dropping pipettes — Pipettes
- Dry baths or heating blocks — Heating blocks
- Dry wall single chamber carbon dioxide incubators — Carbon dioxide CO2 incubators
- Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
- Electron microscopes
- Electrophoresis system power supplies — Electrophoresis power systems
- Extracting equipment for laboratories — Steam distillation apparatus
- Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators — Incubators
- Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods
- Gamma counters
- Gas chromatographs — Gas chromatographs GC
- Gel boxes — Gel electrophoresis boxes
- Gel documentation systems
- Gel dryers
- Hematology analyzers
- Hematology or chemistry mixers — Peptide synthesizers
- High pressure liquid chromatograph chromatography — High-pressure liquid chromatographs
- Instrumentation for capillary electrophoresis — Capillary electrophoresis equipment
- Ion chromatographs
- Ion selective electrode ISE meters — Selective ion meters
- Laboratory balances — Balances
- Laboratory blenders or emulsifiers — Blenders
- Laboratory evaporators
- Laboratory filtration hardware or accessories — Crossflow filtration systems
- Laboratory flasks — Erlenmeyer flasks; Flasks; Volumetric flasks
- Laboratory funnels — Filter funnels; Powder funnels
- Laboratory graduated cylinders — Measuring cylinders
- Laboratory heaters — Heat lamps
- Laboratory hotplates — Hot plates
- Laboratory mechanical convection ovens — Hot air ovens
- Laboratory sprayers — Spray atomizers
- Laboratory washing machines — Glassware washers
- Laminar flow cabinets or stations — Laminar flow hoods
- Laser printers
- Liquid scintillation counters — Scintillation counters
- Magnetic stirrers
- Mainframe computers
- Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters — Coulter counters; Differential cell counters
- Mass spectrometers
- Medical computed tomography CT or CAT scanners or tubes — Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners
- Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanners — High-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment; Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment
- Medical positron emission tomography PET units — Positron emission tomography PET scanners
- Medical ultrasound bone densitometers — Bone ultrasound densitometers
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Ultrasound imaging scanners
- Microbiology analyzers — Flow cytometers
- Microcentrifuges — Fixed-angle microfuges
- Microplate readers
- Microplate washers — Plate washers
- Microplates — Thin layer chromatography plates
- Mobile or transportable medical linear accelerators — Cyclotrons
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers — Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes
- Pasteur or transfer pipettes — Pasteur pipettes
- Personal computers
- Petri plates or dishes — Microdiffusion dishes; Petri dishes
- pH meters
- Photometers — Flame photometers
- Refrigerated benchtop centrifuges — Refrigerated centrifuges; Refrigerated swinging bucket centrifuges
- Robotic or automated liquid handling systems — Liquid handling robots; Microarrayer scanners
- Scanning light or spinning disk or laser scanning microscopes — Confocal microscopes
- Shaking incubators
- Spectrophotometers — Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometers; Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometers; Recording spectrophotometers; Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers (see all 6 examples)
- Standard fermentation units — Fermenters
- Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Autoclaves
- Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers — Thermal cyclers
- Thin layer chromatography tanks — Developing tanks
- Thinlayer chromatographs — Thin layer chromatography equipment
- Ultra cold or ultralow upright cabinets or freezers — Ultralow freezers
- Ultrasonic disintegrators — Cell disruptors
- Ultraviolet crosslinkers — Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers
- Vacuum or centrifugal concentrators — Speed vacs
- Vacuum or rotary evaporators — Rotary evaporators
- Videoscopes — Microscope/video camera stations
- Vortex mixers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — BioArray Software Environment BASE software; SAS software ; Waters MassLynx; Waters Q-DIS/QM LIMS (see all 15 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software; FileMaker Pro software ; Waters eLab Notebook; Waters Empower 2
- Development environment software — Integrated development environment IDE software ; Microsoft Visual Basic ; National Instruments LabVIEW
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
- Information retrieval or search software — LexisNexis software
- Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software
- Object or component oriented development software — Python ; R
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Operating system software — Linux ; UNIX
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Plan biological research.
- Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.
- Monitor operational procedures in technical environments to ensure conformance to standards.
- Direct medical science or healthcare programs.
- Research diseases or parasites.
- Establish standards for medical care.
- Advise others on healthcare matters.
- Instruct college students in physical or life sciences.
- Analyze biological samples.
- Operate laboratory or field equipment.
- Establish standards for products, processes, or procedures.
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|19-1029.02||Molecular and Cellular Biologists|
|19-1029.03||Geneticists Bright Outlook|
|25-1042.00||Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary|
|25-1071.00||Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary|
|29-1031.00||Dietitians and Nutritionists|
|29-1069.05||Nuclear Medicine Physicians|
|29-1069.09||Preventive Medicine Physicians|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$39.54 hourly, $82,240 annual|
|Employment (2014)||108,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||42,400|
|Top industries (2014)||
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services (36% employed in this sector)
Educational Services (27%)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Medical scientists . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.
- American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) , 2107 Wilson Blvd., Suite 700, Arlington, VA 22201. Phone: (703) 243-2800. Fax: (703) 243-9650.
- American Society for Microbiology (ASM) , 1752 N St. NW, Washington, DC 20036-2804. Phone: (202) 737-3600.
- Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) , 66 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 600, Alexandria, VA 22314. Phone: (703) 299-0200. Fax: (703) 299-0204.