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Details Report for:
27-1027.00 - Set and Exhibit Designers

Design special exhibits and movie, television, and theater sets. May study scripts, confer with directors, and conduct research to determine appropriate architectural styles.

Sample of reported job titles: Design Chief, Designer, Display Coordinator, Exhibit Designer, Exhibit Preparator, Production Designer, Scenic Designer, Set Decorator, Set Designer, Show Design Supervisor

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
95   Core Prepare rough drafts and scale working drawings of sets, including floor plans, scenery, and properties to be constructed.
93   Core Read scripts in order to determine location, set, and design requirements.
93   Core Develop set designs based on evaluation of scripts, budgets, research information, and available locations.
88   Core Attend rehearsals and production meetings in order to obtain and share information related to sets.
88   Core Confer with clients and staff in order to gather information about exhibit space, proposed themes and content, timelines, budgets, materials, and/or promotion requirements.
88   Core Collaborate with those in charge of lighting and sound so that those production aspects can be coordinated with set designs or exhibit layouts.
87   Core Prepare preliminary renderings of proposed exhibits, including detailed construction, layout, and material specifications, and diagrams relating to aspects such as special effects and/or lighting.
85   Core Research architectural and stylistic elements appropriate to the time period to be depicted, consulting experts for information as necessary.
82   Core Select set props such as furniture, pictures, lamps, and rugs.
81   Core Inspect installed exhibits for conformance to specifications, and satisfactory operation of special effects components.
81   Core Assign staff to complete design ideas and prepare sketches, illustrations, and detailed drawings of sets, or graphics and animation.
80   Core Examine objects to be included in exhibits in order to plan where and how to display them.
80   Core Observe sets during rehearsals in order to ensure that set elements do not interfere with performance aspects such as cast movement and camera angles.
80   Core Submit plans for approval, and adapt plans to serve intended purposes, or to conform to budget or fabrication restrictions.
80   Core Direct and coordinate construction, erection, or decoration activities in order to ensure that sets or exhibits meet design, budget, and schedule requirements.
78   Core Design and build scale models of set designs, or miniature sets used in filming backgrounds or special effects.
76   Core Plan for location-specific issues such as space limitations, traffic flow patterns, and safety concerns.
76   Core Estimate set- or exhibit-related costs including materials, construction, and rental of props or locations.
71   Core Select and purchase lumber and hardware necessary for set construction.
70   Core Coordinate the removal of sets, props, and exhibits after productions or events are complete.
69   Core Coordinate the transportation of sets that are built off-site, and coordinate their setup at the site of use.
65   Core Acquire, or arrange for acquisition of, specimens or graphics required to complete exhibits.
62   Core Design and produce displays and materials that can be used to decorate windows, interior displays, or event locations such as streets and fairgrounds.
60   Core Confer with conservators in order to determine how to handle an exhibit's environmental aspects, such as lighting, temperature, and humidity, so that objects will be protected and exhibits will be enhanced.
56   Core Arrange for outside contractors to construct exhibit structures.
58   Supplemental Incorporate security systems into exhibit layouts.
54   Supplemental Provide supportive materials for exhibits and displays, such as press kits and advertising, posters, brochures, catalogues, and invitations and publicity notices.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Air compressors — Portable air compressors
Alternating current AC arc welder — Electric arc welding equipment
Art airbrushes — Airbrush paint applicators
Audio mixing consoles — Sound mixing boards
Claw hammer — Claw hammers
Digital cameras — Digital still cameras
Liquid crystal display projector — Liquid crystal display LCD projectors
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Nylon fabric sling — Synthetic web slings
Paint brushes — General purpose paintbrushes
Paint rollers — Paint application rollers
Platform step ladder — Portable stepladders
Pneumatic nail drivers — Pneumatic nail guns
Power staple guns — Furniture staplers
Saws — Handsaws
Scissors — All-purpose scissors

Technology used in this occupation:

Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software; Google SketchUp software; McNeel Rhinoceros; Nemetschek Vectorworks Spotlight
Development environment software — Adobe Systems Adobe Creative Suite software
Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Autodesk Maya; Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite
Video creation and editing software — Act-3D Quest3D; Adobe Systems Adobe Director; Autodesk 3ds Max; Figure 53 QLab

See all 24 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
97   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
90   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
74   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
66   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
64   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
64   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
60   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
58   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
56   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
56   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
54   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
52   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
51   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
50   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
49   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
44   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
39   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
38   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
37   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
36   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
34   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
34   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
31   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
29   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
28   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
26   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
25   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
22   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
13   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
10   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
72   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
72   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
69   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
66   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
66   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
63   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
60   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
56   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
53   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
53   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
53   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
50   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
50   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
50   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
50   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
47   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
47   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
47   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
35   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
25   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
25   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
25   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
22   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
16   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
16   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
16   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
13   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
78   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
78   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
72   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
69   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
69   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
66   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
63   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
56   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
56   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
56   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
53   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
50   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
44   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
41   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
41   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
38   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
35   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
31   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
28   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
28   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
25   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
25   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
22   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
19   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
19   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
19   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
16   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
13   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
10   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
97   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Design layout of art or product exhibits, displays, or promotional materials.
  • Develop artistic or design concepts for decoration, exhibition, or commercial purposes.
  • Draw detailed or technical illustrations.
90   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Determine technical requirements of productions or projects.
  • Select materials or props.
89   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
89   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Study scripts to determine project requirements.
85   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
81   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with others to determine technical details of productions.
  • Confer with clients to determine needs.
  • Discuss production content and progress with others.
81   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
80   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Conduct research to inform art, designs, or other work.
78   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
77   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
74   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
69   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
67   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Present work to clients for approval.
66   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Estimate costs for projects or productions.
65   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
65   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
64   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
61   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Coordinate construction or installation activities.
  • Coordinate design activities.
  • Coordinate logistics for productions or events.
60   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
60   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
60   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
58   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect sets or exhibits.
58   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
57   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
57   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
56   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
53   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Build models, patterns, or templates.
  • Construct distinctive physical objects for artistic, functional, or commercial purposes.
52   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
51   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
50   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
48   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
45   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
45   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  • Promote products, activities, or organizations.
43   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
40   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
38   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
36   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
27   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
26   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
22   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
22   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


83     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


82     Every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


70     Extremely important
26     Very important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


61     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


48     Every day
48     Once a week or more but not every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


48     Constant contact with others
43     Contact with others most of the time
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


64     More than 40 hours
36     40 hours
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


39     Every day
48     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


43     A lot of freedom
39     Some freedom
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


35     A lot of freedom
48     Some freedom
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


35     Extremely important
26     Very important
35     Important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


30     Extremely important
35     Very important
17     Important
17     Fairly important
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


17     Extremely competitive
43     Highly competitive
39     Moderately competitive
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


13     Very high responsibility
48     High responsibility
30     Moderate responsibility
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


17     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


43     Important results
35     Moderate results
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


30     Continually or almost continually
26     More than half the time
13     About half the time
17     Less than half the time
13     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


22     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


13     Very high responsibility
26     High responsibility
39     Moderate responsibility
17     Limited responsibility
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


35     Moderately close (at arm's length)
17     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
39     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


17     More than half the time
48     About half the time
26     Less than half the time
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


22     Every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


26     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


22     Every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


22     More than half the time
35     About half the time
39     Less than half the time
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


26     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


13     Extremely serious
17     Serious
48     Fairly serious
13     Not serious at all
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


14     Extremely important
14     Important
50     Fairly important
14     Not important at all
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


22     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


26     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


39     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


70     Less than half the time
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


61     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
35     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


35     Important
13     Fairly important
39     Not important at all
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


30     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
35     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


32     Once a month or more but not every week
64     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


78     Less than half the time
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


17     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
48     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
61     Once a year or more but not every month
22     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


22     Once a month or more but not every week
43     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
26     Once a year or more but not every month
43     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


13     About half the time
61     Less than half the time
22     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


70     Less than half the time
22     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


50     Less than half the time
41     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


78     Less than half the time
17     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


22     Moderately automated
22     Slightly automated
52     Not at all automated
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


48     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


39     Once a year or more but not every month
48     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


35     Once a year or more but not every month
57     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


27     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
86     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


91     Not important at all
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


13     Once a year or more but not every month
87     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


96     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
39   Bachelor's degree
26   Master's degree
13   Professional degree Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
67   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
39   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
33   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
22   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
95   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
94   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
88   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
87   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
87   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
85   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
83   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
83   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
81   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
79   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
78   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
77   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
74   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
73   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
64   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
61   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
67   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
45   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
39   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

17-3011.01 Architectural Drafters Green Occupation
25-2023.00 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School
25-2032.00 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School
25-4013.00 Museum Technicians and Conservators
25-9011.00 Audio-Visual and Multimedia Collections Specialists
27-1014.00 Multimedia Artists and Animators
27-1021.00 Commercial and Industrial Designers   Green Occupation Green
27-1025.00 Interior Designers
43-9031.00 Desktop Publishers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $24.04 hourly, $50,000 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 11,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 3,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation (23% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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