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Details Report for:
29-1063.00 - Internists, General

Physicians who diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs.

Sample of reported job titles: Attending Physician, Clinic MD Associate (Clinic Medical Doctor Associate), Gastroenterologist, General Internist, Internal Medicine Doctor, Internal Medicine Physician, Internist, Medical Doctor (MD), Physician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
99   Core Treat internal disorders, such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, and problems of the lung, brain, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract.
98   Core Prescribe or administer medication, therapy, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury.
97   Core Explain procedures and discuss test results or prescribed treatments with patients.
97   Core Manage and treat common health problems, such as infections, influenza and pneumonia, as well as serious, chronic, and complex illnesses, in adolescents, adults, and the elderly.
96   Core Analyze records, reports, test results, or examination information to diagnose medical condition of patient.
96   Core Provide and manage long-term, comprehensive medical care, including diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases, for adult patients in an office or hospital.
96   Core Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results.
93   Core Make diagnoses when different illnesses occur together or in situations where the diagnosis may be obscure.
93   Core Monitor patients' conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary.
93   Core Advise patients and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention.
88   Core Immunize patients to protect them from preventable diseases.
87   Core Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioner when necessary.
85   Core Advise surgeon of a patient's risk status and recommend appropriate intervention to minimize risk.
84   Core Provide consulting services to other doctors caring for patients with special or difficult problems.
83   Core Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff.
56   Core Prepare government or organizational reports on birth, death, and disease statistics, workforce evaluations, or the medical status of individuals.
78   Supplemental Operate on patients to remove, repair, or improve functioning of diseased or injured body parts and systems.
70   Supplemental Plan, implement, or administer health programs in hospitals, businesses, or communities for prevention and treatment of injuries or illnesses.
58   Supplemental Conduct research to develop or test medications, treatments, or procedures to prevent or control disease or injury.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
Cryosurgery equipment or accessories — Cryosurgical units
Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
Eye charts or vision cards — Snellen eye charts
Floor grade forceps or hemostats — Splinter forceps
Glucose monitors or meters — Glucometers
Medical suction cannulas or tubes or accessories — Suction catheters
Microscope slides
Nasogastric tubes
Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Ophthalmoscopes; Otoscopes
Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
Reflex hammers or mallets — Neurological hammers
Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Dressing forceps; Ear forceps; Mosquito clamps; Suture forceps

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Billing software
Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software
Electronic mail software — Email software; Novell GroupWise
Information retrieval or search software — Medical reference software
Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer *; Web browser software
Medical software — eClinicalWorks software; GE Healthcare Centricity EMR; MedMath *; Misys Healthcare Systems Mysis Tiger (see all 16 examples)
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 54 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
100   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
92   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
85   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
85   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
82   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
74   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
70   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
65   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
65   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
56   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
54   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
53   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
52   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
52   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
52   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
41   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
40   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
30   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
26   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
26   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
25   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
25   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
25   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
21   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
20   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
18   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
15   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
15   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
  Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
85   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
78   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
78   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
78   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
78   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
72   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
72   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
66   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
66   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
60   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
56   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
53   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
53   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
53   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
47   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
44   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
41   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
38   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
22   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
16   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
16   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
13   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
10   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
85   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
85   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
81   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
78   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
72   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
69   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
69   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
69   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
69   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
56   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
50   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
47   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
44   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
38   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
35   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
31   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
28   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
28   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
25   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
25   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
22   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
22   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
19   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
16   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
 Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
 Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
 Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
99   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare official health documents or records.
  • Record patient medical histories.
96   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Administer non-intravenous medications.
  • Immunize patients.
  • Operate on patients to treat conditions.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
  • Treat acute illnesses, infections, or injuries.
  • Treat chronic diseases or disorders.
90   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Diagnose medical conditions.
89   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
87   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members.
86   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
85   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
82   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
82   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
81   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
80   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
79   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
78   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
75   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
73   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise communities or institutions regarding health or safety issues.
  • Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
  • Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
72   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
69   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
67   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Design public or employee health programs.
66   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
65   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
65   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
61   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
61   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
54   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
54   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct healthcare delivery programs.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
53   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
52   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
51   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Prescribe medications.
  • Prescribe treatments or therapies.
47   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
45   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
45   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
43   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
43   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
34   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
31   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
28   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
15   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
14   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
12   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


100     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


100     Every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


91     A lot of freedom
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


84     A lot of freedom
15     Some freedom
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


76     Extremely important
24     Very important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


71     Constant contact with others
29     Contact with others most of the time
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


75     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


69     Very close (near touching)
19     Moderately close (at arm's length)
13     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


65     Very important results
22     Important results
13     Moderate results
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


55     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


76     Every day
15     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


80     Every day
20     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


43     Very high responsibility
44     High responsibility
12     Limited responsibility
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


54     Every day
31     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


25     Extremely competitive
55     Highly competitive
15     Moderately competitive
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


48     Extremely important
13     Important
30     Fairly important
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


68     More than half the time
23     About half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


14     Not important at all
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


16     Very high responsibility
54     High responsibility
29     Limited responsibility
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


44     Extremely important
12     Important
20     Fairly important
13     Not important at all
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


35     Once a week or more but not every day
56     Once a month or more but not every week
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


30     Extremely serious
22     Very serious
21     Serious
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


31     Extremely important
22     Very important
12     Important
12     Fairly important
22     Not important at all
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


19     Continually or almost continually
41     More than half the time
27     Less than half the time
13     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


20     Continually or almost continually
31     More than half the time
47     Less than half the time
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


21     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
25     Never
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


70     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


27     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


18     More than half the time
11     About half the time
63     Less than half the time
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


25     Every day
18     Once a year or more but not every month
47     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


54     Less than half the time
27     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


29     Once a month or more but not every week
56     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


55     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


25     Moderately automated
38     Slightly automated
36     Not at all automated
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


28     Once a month or more but not every week
67     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


18     Once a month or more but not every week
63     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


53     Less than half the time
47     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


52     Less than half the time
48     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


30     Once a year or more but not every month
67     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


13     About half the time
87     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


11     Once a year or more but not every month
89     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


90     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


90     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


92     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


91     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


91     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


99     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


98     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


100     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


100     Not important at all
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
61   Post-doctoral training
39   Doctoral degree

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
72   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
56   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
45   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
99   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
98   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
96   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
95   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
94   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
93   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
88   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
84   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
81   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
80   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
77   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
76   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
73   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
73   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
68   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
65   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
89   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
89   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
89   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
89   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
83   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
72   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

25-1071.00 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary Bright Outlook
29-1051.00 Pharmacists Bright Outlook
29-1062.00 Family and General Practitioners
29-1065.00 Pediatricians, General
29-1067.00 Surgeons Bright Outlook
29-1069.03 Hospitalists   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
29-1071.00 Physician Assistants Bright Outlook
29-1141.04 Clinical Nurse Specialists Bright Outlook
29-1161.00 Nurse Midwives Bright Outlook
29-1171.00 Nurse Practitioners Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $89.83 hourly, $186,850 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 51,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 20,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Health Care and Social Assistance (85% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Physicians and Surgeons external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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