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Details Report for:
29-1067.00 - Surgeons

Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.

Sample of reported job titles: General Surgeon, Surgeon, Physician, Orthopedic Surgeon, Medical Doctor (MD), Plastic Surgeon, Vascular Surgeon, Cardiovascular Surgeon, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Hand Surgeon

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
96   Core Follow established surgical techniques during the operation.
96   Core Examine patient to obtain information on medical condition and surgical risk.
96   Core Operate on patients to correct deformities, repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases, or improve or restore patients' functions.
95   Core Analyze patient's medical history, medication allergies, physical condition, and examination results to verify operation's necessity and to determine best procedure.
92   Core Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatments and procedures, such as sedatives, diets, antibiotics, and preparation and treatment of the patient's operative area.
92   Core Diagnose bodily disorders and orthopedic conditions and provide treatments, such as medicines and surgeries, in clinics, hospital wards, and operating rooms.
87   Core Provide consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons.
85   Core Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, assistants, specialists, residents, and other medical staff.
75   Core Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioners when necessary.
75   Core Prepare case histories.
74   Core Manage surgery services, including planning, scheduling and coordination, determination of procedures, and procurement of supplies and equipment.
69   Core Examine instruments, equipment, and operating room to ensure sterility.
55   Supplemental Conduct research to develop and test surgical techniques that can improve operating procedures and outcomes.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED; Internal defibrillators
Cardiovascular or thoracic retractors — IMA retractors; Thoracic retractors
Cryosurgery equipment or accessories — Cryoprobes; Cryosurgery units
Cystourethroscopes — Cystoscopes; Flexible ureteroscopes; Rigid ureteroscopes
Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment — Argon beam coagulators; Biopolar cautery equipment; Electrosurgery units; Harmonic scalpels (see all 5 examples)
Heart and lung machines or accessories — Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps; Heart and lung machines
Medical stapler for external use — Skin staplers
Operating room patient fracture tables or orthopedic tables or accessories or related products — External fixators; Fracture tables
Surgical calipers or rulers — Surgical calipers; Surgical rulers
Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Dressing forceps; Ear forceps; Tumor forceps; Vascular clips (see all 40 examples)
Surgical dermatomes or dermabraders or dermameshers or accessories — Dermatomes; Padgett dermatomes; Zimmer dermatomes
Surgical irrigation sets or accessories — Irrigation tubing; Surgical irrigation sets
Surgical lasers or accessories — Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers; Holmium lasers; Laser dopplers; Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Nd:YAG lasers
Surgical microscopes or loops or magnifiers or accessories — Ceiling mounted microscopes; ENT microscopes; Portable surgical microscopes; Surgical microscopes
Surgical pneumatic or battery or electric saws or drills or pin drivers or accessories — Craniotome drills; Sternal saws; Surgical power drills; Surgical power saws (see all 7 examples)
Surgical power equipment sets or accessories — Hip arthroplasty robots; Robotic arms; Surgical robots
Surgical scissors — Enterotomy scissors; Thoracic scissors; Tonsil scissors; Uterine scissors (see all 5 examples)
Surgical suction machines or vacuum extractors or ultrasonic surgical aspirators or regulators or accessories — Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirators CUSA; Suction machines; Surgical aspirators; Wells Johnson aspirators

Technology used in this occupation:

Graphics or photo imaging software — Computer imaging software
Medical software — Integra Radionics NeuroSight Arc; Practice management software PMS; Robotic surgery software; Three-dimensional 3D virtual surgery software (see all 7 examples)

See all 113 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
95   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
88   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
87   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
83   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
76   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
70   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
65   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
64   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
64   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
61   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
55   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
54   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
53   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
53   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
52   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
51   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
50   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
46   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
42   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
42   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
42   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
38   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
35   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
35   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
34   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
30   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
29   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
15   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
14   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
13   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
12   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
78   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
78   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
78   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
75   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
75   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
72   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
72   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
69   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
69   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
66   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
66   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
66   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
60   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
56   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
56   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
53   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
50   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
47   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
47   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
41   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
41   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
38   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
35   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
31   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
31   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
25   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
19   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
16   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
85   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
81   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
78   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
78   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
75   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
75   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
75   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
72   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
72   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
69   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
69   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
69   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
69   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
63   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
60   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
60   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
56   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
56   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
53   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
50   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
50   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
50   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
50   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
41   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
41   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
35   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
35   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
35   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
35   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
31   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
31   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
28   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
25   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
25   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
  Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
94   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Assist healthcare practitioners during surgery.
  • Operate on patients to treat conditions.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
92   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Diagnose medical conditions.
89   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
83   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
83   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record patient medical histories.
82   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
80   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
78   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
78   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
75   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
75   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
71   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
70   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
69   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
68   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Follow protocols or regulations for healthcare activities.
68   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Schedule patient procedures or appointments.
67   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
65   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
65   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
65   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
64   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
62   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
62   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
59   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Manage healthcare operations.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
57   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
56   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
55   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
55   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
54   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
54   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
54   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
53   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Sterilize medical equipment or instruments.
51   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
51   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
51   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
50   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order medical supplies or equipment.
  • Prescribe medications.
  • Prescribe treatments or therapies.
36   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
24   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
19   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
11   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


91     Every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


93     Extremely important
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


92     Very close (near touching)
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


87     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


84     A lot of freedom
16     Some freedom
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


74     Constant contact with others
26     Contact with others most of the time
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


87     Every day
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


70     Extremely important
30     Very important
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


69     Every day
31     Once a week or more but not every day
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


71     Very important results
26     Important results
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


80     Extremely serious
13     Very serious
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


71     A lot of freedom
25     Some freedom
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


64     Extremely important
22     Very important
13     Important
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


76     More than 40 hours
24     40 hours
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


63     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a month or more but not every week
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


66     Very high responsibility
14     High responsibility
15     Moderate responsibility
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


57     Extremely important
19     Very important
24     Important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


57     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


39     Continually or almost continually
53     More than half the time
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


33     Continually or almost continually
55     More than half the time
12     About half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


38     Extremely competitive
42     Highly competitive
17     Moderately competitive
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


47     Very high responsibility
26     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


48     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


40     Every day
37     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


40     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


44     Extremely important
19     Very important
18     Important
14     Not important at all
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


23     Every day
43     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


18     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


26     Continually or almost continually
19     More than half the time
13     About half the time
42     Less than half the time
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


25     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a month or more but not every week
35     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


37     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


17     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
38     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


13     More than half the time
29     About half the time
35     Less than half the time
24     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


30     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


16     About half the time
69     Less than half the time
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


12     About half the time
88     Less than half the time
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
58     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
48     Once a year or more but not every month
32     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
63     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
71     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


15     Every day
19     Once a year or more but not every month
64     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


73     Never
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


76     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


84     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


26     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
74     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


12     Moderately automated
20     Slightly automated
69     Not at all automated
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


17     Fairly important
78     Not important at all
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


28     Less than half the time
72     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


19     Less than half the time
81     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


100     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


100     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


100     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


100     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


100     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


100     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


99     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
49   Doctoral degree
43   Post-doctoral training
  Professional degree Help

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
78   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
67   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
33   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
99   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
96   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
95   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
95   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
93   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
92   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
88   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
86   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
86   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
85   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
83   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
83   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
82   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
82   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
80   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
69   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
95   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
95   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
89   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
86   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
83   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
78   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

19-1042.00 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
25-1072.00 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary Bright Outlook
29-1022.00 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
29-1051.00 Pharmacists Bright Outlook
29-1061.00 Anesthesiologists Bright Outlook
29-1063.00 Internists, General
29-1069.03 Hospitalists Bright Outlook
29-1141.04 Clinical Nurse Specialists Bright Outlook
29-1161.00 Nurse Midwives Bright Outlook
29-1171.00 Nurse Practitioners   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $90.00+ hourly, $187,200+ annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 48,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 23,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Health Care and Social Assistance (86% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Physicians and Surgeons external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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