Details Report for:
29-1067.00 - Surgeons
Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.
Sample of reported job titles: Cardiovascular Surgeon, General Surgeon, Hand Surgeon, Medical Doctor (MD), Orthopaedic Surgeon, Orthopedic Surgeon, Physician, Plastic Surgeon, Surgeon, Vascular Surgeon
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
Tools used in this occupation:
- Abdominal retractors
- Amputation retractors
- Arterial line catheters
- Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED; Internal defibrillators
- Autotransfusion units — Cell savers
- Blood recovery and delivery systems — Autologous blood recovery systems
- Bronchoscopes or accessories — Bronchoscopes
- Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Hemodynamic monitors
- Cardiovascular or thoracic retractors — IMA retractors; Thoracic retractors
- Central venous catheters — Subclavian lines
- Cervical retractors
- Colposcopes or vaginoscopes or accessories — Colposcopes
- Cryosurgery equipment or accessories — Cryoprobes; Cryosurgery units
- Cystourethroscopes — Cystoscopes; Flexible ureteroscopes; Rigid ureteroscopes
- Desktop computers
- Diagnostic or interventional vascular catheters or sets — Pulmonary artery catheters
- Digital cameras
- Ear retractors
- Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
- Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment — Argon beam coagulators; Biopolar cautery equipment; Electrosurgery units; Harmonic scalpels (see all 5 examples)
- Endoscopic clamp or dissector or grasper or forceps — Laparascopic graspers
- Endoscopic insufflation or distention units or accessories — Endoscopic insufflators
- Endoscopic video cameras or recorders or adapters or accessories — Endoscopic video cameras
- Eyemagnets for ophthalmic surgery — Eye magnets
- Facial shields — Protective eye shields
- Flexible endoscopes or accessories or related products — Flexible fiberoptic endoscopes
- Gastrointestinal retractors
- Heart and lung machines or accessories — Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps; Heart and lung machines
- Intravenous tubing with catheter administration kits — Intravenous IV equipment
- Laparoscopes or laparoscopic telescopes — Laparascopes
- Lip retractors
- Lung retractors
- Medical staff isolation or surgical masks — Surgical masks
- Medical stapler for external use — Skin staplers
- Medical stapler for internal use — Bowel stapling equipment
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Diagnostic ultrasound equipment
- Medical x ray units for general diagnostic use — Portable x ray machines
- Nerve retractors
- Operating room patient fracture tables or orthopedic tables or accessories or related products — External fixators; Fracture tables
- Operating room patient positioning devices or accessories — Mayfield headrests
- Operating room patient procedure tables or accessories or related products — Andrews tables
- Ophthalmic retractors
- Ophthalmic surgery instrument sets — Vitrector sets
- Oral retractors
- Orthopedic retractors
- Oxygen therapy delivery system products accessories or its supplies — Oxygen administration equipment
- Patient controlled analgesia infusion pumps — Patient controlled analgesia PCA pumps
- Personal computers
- Plastic surgery retractors
- Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
- Radiosurgical gamma knife units or scintillators — Radiosurgical gamma knives
- Rectal retractors
- Short wave diathermy units — Diathermy equipment
- Skin retractors
- Spine or neuro retractors — Cervical spine retractors
- Sternum retractors — Sternal retractors
- Surgical bone cutting forceps — Bone-cutting forceps
- Surgical bone hand saws or wire saws or saw handles — Surgical hand saws
- Surgical calipers or rulers — Surgical calipers; Surgical rulers
- Surgical chisels or gouges — Bone chisels
- Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Dressing forceps; Ear forceps; Tumor forceps; Vascular clips (see all 40 examples)
- Surgical curettes or loops — Surgical curettes
- Surgical dermatomes or dermabraders or dermameshers or accessories — Dermatomes; Padgett dermatomes; Zimmer dermatomes
- Surgical dilators or accessories — Surgical dilators
- Surgical drapes — Sterile drapes
- Surgical drivers or its parts or accessories — Surgical hand drivers
- Surgical elevators or levers — Surgical elevators
- Surgical extractors — Stone extractors
- Surgical gloves
- Surgical hammers or mallets — Surgical mallets
- Surgical irrigation or suction handpiece or cannula or tip — Suction tips
- Surgical irrigation sets or accessories — Irrigation tubing; Surgical irrigation sets
- Surgical lasers or accessories — Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers; Holmium lasers; Laser dopplers; Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Nd:YAG lasers
- Surgical lighted fiberoptic retractors — Surgical fiberoptic retractors
- Surgical lithotripters or accessories — Ultrasonic lithotripters
- Surgical microscopes or loops or magnifiers or accessories — Ceiling mounted microscopes; ENT microscopes; Portable surgical microscopes; Surgical microscopes
- Surgical needle holders for general use — Surgical needle holders
- Surgical nerve stimulators or accessories — Surgical nerve stimulators
- Surgical nippers
- Surgical or endoscopic catheters or catheterization kits or drainage bags — Endoscopic catheters
- Surgical perfusion catheters or connectors or accessories — Balloon perfusion catheters
- Surgical pneumatic or battery or electric saws or drills or pin drivers or accessories — Craniotome drills; Sternal saws; Surgical power drills; Surgical power saws (see all 7 examples)
- Surgical pneumatic or electric tourniquets or accessories — Surgical tourniquets
- Surgical power equipment sets or accessories — Hip arthroplasty robots; Robotic arms; Surgical robots
- Surgical probes or directors — Tactile probes
- Surgical punches or punch holder or accessories — Biopsy punches
- Surgical rake retractors — Rigid rake retractors
- Surgical rasps
- Surgical retractors for general use — Surgical retractors
- Surgical rongeurs — Bone ronguers
- Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines or accessories — Surgical scalpels
- Surgical scissors — Enterotomy scissors; Thoracic scissors; Tonsil scissors; Uterine scissors (see all 5 examples)
- Surgical smoke evacuators or accessories — Operating room smoke evacuators
- Surgical specula
- Surgical spreaders — Rib spreaders
- Surgical suction machines or vacuum extractors or ultrasonic surgical aspirators or regulators or accessories — Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirators CUSA; Suction machines; Surgical aspirators; Wells Johnson aspirators
- Surgical taps
- Surgical tourniquets or vascular occluders or ligators or accessories — Vascular occluders
- Surgical trocars for general use or accessories — Surgical trocars
- Surgical urology retractors or its accessories — Urology retractors
- Suture needles — Surgical suture needles
- Tissue retractors
- Tracheal retractors
- Urological surgical instrument sets — Optical urethrotomes
- Uterine devices or accessories — Hysteroscopes
- Uterine retractors
- Vascular sequential compression devices or tubing — Sequential compression devices
- Vein harvest kit or system — Endoscope vein harvesting equipment
- Vein retractors
Technology used in this occupation:
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Computer imaging software
- Medical software — Integra Radionics NeuroSight Arc; Practice management software PMS; Robotic surgery software; Three-dimensional 3D virtual surgery software (see all 7 examples)
- Record patient medical histories.
- Prescribe medications.
- Diagnose medical conditions.
- Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
- Follow protocols or regulations for healthcare activities.
- Prescribe treatments or therapies.
- Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
- Operate on patients to treat conditions.
- Assist healthcare practitioners during surgery.
- Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
- Sterilize medical equipment or instruments.
- Supervise patient care personnel.
- Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
- Order medical supplies or equipment.
- Schedule patient procedures or appointments.
- Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
- Manage healthcare operations.
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|19-1042.00||Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists|
|25-1072.00||Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary|
|29-1022.00||Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons|
|29-1141.04||Clinical Nurse Specialists|
|29-1171.00||Nurse Practitioners Bright Outlook|
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$90.00+ hourly, $187,200+ annual|
|Employment (2012)||48,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Much faster than average (22% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||23,100|
|Top industries (2012)||
Health Care and Social Assistance (86% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Physicians and Surgeons . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.