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Details Report for:
29-1171.00 - Nurse Practitioners

Diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.

Sample of reported job titles: Acute Care Nurse Practitioner; Adult Nurse Practitioner; Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN); Family Nurse Practitioner; Family Practice Certified Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner; Gastroenterology Nurse Practitioner; Nurse Practitioner; Nurse Practitioner, Adult; Pediatric Nurse Practitioner; Women's Health Care Nurse Practitioner

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
98   Core Analyze and interpret patients' histories, symptoms, physical findings, or diagnostic information to develop appropriate diagnoses.
98   Core Diagnose or treat acute health care problems such as illnesses, infections, or injuries.
98   Core Recommend diagnostic or therapeutic interventions with attention to safety, cost, invasiveness, simplicity, acceptability, adherence, and efficacy.
98   Core Prescribe medications based on efficacy, safety, and cost as legally authorized.
96   Core Educate patients about self-management of acute or chronic illnesses, tailoring instructions to patients' individual circumstances.
95   Core Prescribe medication dosages, routes, and frequencies based on patient characteristics such as age and gender.
94   Core Order, perform, or interpret the results of diagnostic tests, such as complete blood counts (CBCs), electrocardiograms (EKGs), and radiographs (x-rays).
94   Core Maintain complete and detailed records of patients' health care plans and prognoses.
93   Core Recommend interventions to modify behavior associated with health risks.
93   Core Develop treatment plans based on scientific rationale, standards of care, and professional practice guidelines.
92   Core Detect and respond to adverse drug reactions, with special attention to vulnerable populations such as infants, children, pregnant and lactating women, or older adults.
91   Core Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in nursing.
91   Core Counsel patients about drug regimens and possible side effects or interactions with other substances such as food supplements, over-the-counter (OTC) medications, or herbal remedies.
90   Core Diagnose or treat chronic health care problems such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
90   Core Provide patients with information needed to promote health, reduce risk factors, or prevent disease or disability.
90   Core Treat or refer patients for primary care conditions, such as headaches, hypertension, urinary tract infections, upper respiratory infections, and dermatological conditions.
90   Core Consult with or refer patients to appropriate specialists when conditions exceed the scope of practice or expertise.
89   Core Diagnose or treat complex, unstable, comorbid, episodic, or emergency conditions in collaboration with other health care providers as necessary.
86   Core Schedule follow-up visits to monitor patients or evaluate health or illness care.
83   Core Perform routine or annual physical examinations.
78   Core Supervise or coordinate patient care or support staff activities.
76   Core Maintain current knowledge of state legal regulations for nurse practitioner practice including reimbursement of services.
74   Core Provide patients or caregivers with assistance in locating health care resources.
73   Core Maintain departmental policies and procedures in areas such as safety and infection control.
69   Core Perform primary care procedures such as suturing, splinting, administering immunizations, taking cultures, and debriding wounds.
68   Core Advocate for accessible health care that minimizes environmental health risks.
67   Core Keep abreast of regulatory processes and payer systems such as Medicare, Medicaid, managed care, and private sources.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Cardiac monitors; Hemodynamic monitors
Cardiac pacemaker generator or cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker CRT-P — Pacemaker analyzers; Transcutaneous pacemakers
Diagnostic or interventional vascular catheters or sets — Angiocaths; Pulmonary artery catheters
Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines; Portable electrocardiography EKG machines
Electronic blood pressure units — Electronic blood pressure monitors; Pediatric blood pressure cuffs
Eye charts or vision cards — Snellen eye charts; Visual acuity testing cards
Flexible endoscopes or accessories or related products — Fiberoptic endoscopes; Flexible sigmoidoscopes
Intravenous or arterial catheter tray — Intravenous IV administration sets; Intravenous IV cutdown trays
Medical nasal catheters or catheterization kits — Nasal catheters
Medical stapler for external use — Skin staplers
Medical suction or vacuum appliances — Nasal suctioning equipment; Oral suctioning equipment; Tracheal suctioning equipment
Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Ophthalmoscopes; Otoscopes
Surgical lasers or accessories — Argon lasers; Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers; Pulsed dye lasers

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access
Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
Internet browser software — Microsoft Internet Explorer *; Web browser software
Medical software — eClinicalWorks software; GE Healthcare Centricity EMR; PCC Pediatric Partner; StatCom Patient Flow Logistics Enterprise Suite (see all 15 examples)
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

See all 100 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
98   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
89   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
83   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
83   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
83   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
81   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
66   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
65   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
63   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
60   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
54   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
52   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
52   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
51   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
51   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
50   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
47   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
42   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
35   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
33   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
30   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
26   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
26   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
25   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
20   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
19   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
16   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
16   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
15   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
12   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
10   Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
78   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
78   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
78   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
78   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
78   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
75   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
75   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
72   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
72   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
72   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
69   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
69   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
60   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
60   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
56   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
56   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
56   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
53   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
53   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
50   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
50   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
47   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
35   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
35   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
22   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
22   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
22   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
19   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
16   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
  Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
81   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
78   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
78   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
78   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
78   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
75   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
72   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
72   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
72   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
69   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
60   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
53   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
50   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
50   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
50   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
47   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
47   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
44   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
41   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
38   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
38   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
35   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
35   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
31   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
28   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
28   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
22   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
22   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
22   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
22   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
16   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
  Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
 Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
 Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
98   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Apply bandages, dressings, or splints.
  • Immunize patients.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
  • Treat acute illnesses, infections, or injuries.
  • Treat chronic diseases or disorders.
  • Treat medical emergencies.
94   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
93   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record patient medical histories.
93   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
89   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Diagnose medical conditions.
88   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
88   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
87   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
85   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
83   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Communicate detailed medical information to patients or family members.
82   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
80   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
78   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
76   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
75   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities.
73   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses.
72   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Follow protocols or regulations for healthcare activities.
69   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
68   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
68   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
68   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
67   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
63   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
62   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
60   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Advise patients on effects of health conditions or treatments.
  • Advise patients on healthcare system processes.
  • Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
58   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
58   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Develop medical treatment plans.
56   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
53   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
53   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Schedule patient procedures or appointments.
51   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
47   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
44   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order medical diagnostic or clinical tests.
  • Prescribe medications.
  • Prescribe treatments or therapies.
42   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
42   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
34   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
30   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate diagnostic imaging equipment.
15   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
14   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
13   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
12   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


90     Every day
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


90     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


86     Every day
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


72     Extremely important
24     Very important
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


76     Extremely serious
17     Very serious
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


63     A lot of freedom
33     Some freedom
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


89     Every day
11     Never
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


61     Extremely important
32     Very important
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


69     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


76     Every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


45     Constant contact with others
52     Contact with others most of the time
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


69     Very close (near touching)
21     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


67     More than 40 hours
33     40 hours
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


45     A lot of freedom
48     Some freedom
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


53     Very important results
27     Important results
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


32     Extremely important
46     Very important
11     Important
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


29     Every day
46     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


40     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


41     Very high responsibility
21     High responsibility
17     Moderate responsibility
21     Limited responsibility
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


52     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


14     Every day
54     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


41     Extremely important
17     Very important
17     Important
17     Fairly important
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


14     Every day
52     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


21     Very high responsibility
36     High responsibility
18     Moderate responsibility
18     Limited responsibility
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


28     More than half the time
48     About half the time
21     Less than half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


14     Extremely competitive
24     Highly competitive
28     Moderately competitive
21     Slightly competitive
14     Not at all competitive
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


25     Extremely important
18     Very important
18     Important
32     Not important at all
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


20     More than half the time
47     About half the time
30     Less than half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


13     Continually or almost continually
23     More than half the time
20     About half the time
30     Less than half the time
13     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


24     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
45     Once a year or more but not every month
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


20     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
37     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


17     More than half the time
50     Less than half the time
13     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


17     About half the time
69     Less than half the time
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


21     Once a month or more but not every week
66     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


17     About half the time
52     Less than half the time
21     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
40     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


40     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


30     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


57     Once a year or more but not every month
33     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


60     Less than half the time
33     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


38     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


14     Moderately automated
39     Slightly automated
46     Not at all automated
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


38     Once a year or more but not every month
52     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


21     Less than half the time
69     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
69     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


17     Fairly important
76     Not important at all
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
77     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
86     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


17     Once a year or more but not every month
83     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


93     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


93     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


93     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


97     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


100     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
83   Master's degree
  Doctoral degree
  Post-baccalaureate certificate Help

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
89   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
83   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
56   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
28   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
97   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
96   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
95   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
94   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
91   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
88   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
87   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
86   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
85   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
84   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
83   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
80   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
80   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
78   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
77   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
65   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
95   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
78   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
78   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
75   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
67   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

25-1072.00 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary Bright Outlook
29-1031.00 Dietitians and Nutritionists
29-1071.00 Physician Assistants Bright Outlook
29-1122.00 Occupational Therapists Bright Outlook
29-1123.00 Physical Therapists Bright Outlook
29-1141.02 Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurses Bright Outlook
29-1141.04 Clinical Nurse Specialists   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
29-1161.00 Nurse Midwives Bright Outlook
29-1199.04 Naturopathic Physicians Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $44.55 hourly, $92,670 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 110,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 58,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Health Care and Social Assistance (89% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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