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Details Report for:
35-3031.00 - Waiters and Waitresses

Take orders and serve food and beverages to patrons at tables in dining establishment.

Sample of reported job titles: Waitress, Server, Waiter, Food Server, Banquet Server, Cocktail Server, Restaurant Server, Room Service Server, Food Runner, Waitstaff

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
91   Core Check with customers to ensure that they are enjoying their meals and take action to correct any problems.
91   Core Collect payments from customers.
90   Core Write patrons' food orders on order slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff.
89   Core Prepare checks that itemize and total meal costs and sales taxes.
88   Core Take orders from patrons for food or beverages.
87   Core Check patrons' identification to ensure that they meet minimum age requirements for consumption of alcoholic beverages.
84   Core Serve food or beverages to patrons, and prepare or serve specialty dishes at tables as required.
82   Core Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon request.
80   Core Clean tables or counters after patrons have finished dining.
79   Core Prepare hot, cold, and mixed drinks for patrons, and chill bottles of wine.
78   Core Roll silverware, set up food stations or set up dining areas to prepare for the next shift or for large parties.
77   Core Inform customers of daily specials.
76   Core Stock service areas with supplies such as coffee, food, tableware, and linens.
76   Core Explain how various menu items are prepared, describing ingredients and cooking methods.
76   Core Prepare tables for meals, including setting up items such as linens, silverware, and glassware.
75   Core Remove dishes and glasses from tables or counters, take them to kitchen for cleaning.
75   Core Assist host or hostess by answering phones to take reservations or to-go orders, and by greeting, seating, and thanking guests.
72   Core Perform cleaning duties, such as sweeping and mopping floors, vacuuming carpet, tidying up server station, taking out trash, or checking and cleaning bathroom.
71   Core Bring wine selections to tables with appropriate glasses, and pour the wines for customers.
70   Core Perform food preparation duties such as preparing salads, appetizers, and cold dishes, portioning desserts, and brewing coffee.
67   Core Escort customers to their tables.
65   Core Garnish and decorate dishes in preparation for serving.
65   Core Fill salt, pepper, sugar, cream, condiment, and napkin containers.
62   Core Describe and recommend wines to customers.
47   Supplemental Provide guests with information about local areas, including giving directions.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Bar code reader equipment — Portable bar code scanners
Cash registers
Commercial use cutlery — Carving knives
Electronic funds transfer point of sale equipment — Credit card processing machines
Paging controllers — Alphanumeric paging equipment
Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
Point of sale POS receipt printers — Point of sale POS printers
Point of sale POS terminal — Point of sale POS terminals; Point of service workstations
Touch screen monitors

Technology used in this occupation:

Point of sale POS software — Compris Advanced Manager's Workstation; Hospitality Control Solutions Aloha Point-of-Sale software; ICVERIFY software; Intuit QuickBooks Point of Sale (see all 9 examples)

See all T2 categories and examples

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
79   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
57   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
55   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
47   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
40   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
37   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
37   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
30   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
30   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
29   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
28   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
26   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
25   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
24   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
23   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
23   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
20   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
17   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
17   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
16   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
11   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
11   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
  Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
72   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
69   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
66   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
66   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
56   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
44   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
44   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
41   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
41   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
38   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
38   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
38   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
35   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
31   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
28   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
25   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
25   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
19   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
19   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
16   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
10   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
10   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
  Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
  Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
 Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
 Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
 Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
 Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
75   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
72   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
66   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
60   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
60   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
60   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
53   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
50   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
50   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
50   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
47   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
44   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
41   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
41   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
41   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
41   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
38   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
38   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
35   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
35   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
35   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
31   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
31   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
28   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
28   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
25   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
25   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
25   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
22   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
19   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
19   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
16   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
16   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
13   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
10   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
10   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
  Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
  Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
  Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
  Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
 Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
82   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Communicate with customers to resolve complaints or ensure satisfaction.
65   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Arrange tables or dining areas.
  • Clean food preparation areas, facilities, or equipment.
  • Clean food service areas.
  • Collect dirty dishes or other tableware.
  • Enforce rules or regulations.
  • Serve food or beverages.
62   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
61   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
59   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate dining or order details to kitchen personnel.
57   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Add garnishes to food.
  • Cook foods.
  • Prepare foods for cooking or serving.
  • Prepare hot or cold beverages.
  • Stock serving stations or dining areas with food or supplies.
55   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
54   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
53   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
53   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
52   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
50   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Assist customers with seating arrangements.
49   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
48   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
47   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
45   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
43   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
41   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
41   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Present food or beverage information or menus to customers.
  • Provide customers with general information or assistance.
40   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
37   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
37   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
36   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
34   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
33   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
33   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
32   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
30   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
29   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
26   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
23   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
23   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Schedule dining reservations.
21   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
21   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
20   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
17   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Process customer bills or payments.
  • Take customer orders.
14   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
10   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
  Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


95     Constant contact with others
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


88     Every day
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


78     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


71     Continually or almost continually
23     More than half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


69     Extremely important
19     Important
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


38     Very close (near touching)
45     Moderately close (at arm's length)
11     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


62     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


48     Extremely important
27     Very important
12     Important
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


74     Every day
25     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


54     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
19     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


34     A lot of freedom
29     Some freedom
12     Limited freedom
25     Very little freedom
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


55     Continually or almost continually
22     Less than half the time
16     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


34     Very important results
25     Important results
13     Moderate results
20     Minor results
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


29     Extremely important
20     Very important
28     Important
18     Fairly important
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


30     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


32     Continually or almost continually
17     More than half the time
15     About half the time
30     Less than half the time
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


18     A lot of freedom
26     Some freedom
36     Limited freedom
17     Very little freedom
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


20     Extremely important
30     Very important
16     Important
25     Fairly important
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


20     Very high responsibility
30     Moderate responsibility
33     Limited responsibility
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


38     Every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
38     Never
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


20     Very high responsibility
34     Moderate responsibility
30     Limited responsibility
11     No responsibility
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


13     Extremely important
26     Very important
21     Important
33     Not important at all
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


17     Continually or almost continually
11     About half the time
59     Less than half the time
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


39     Every day
56     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


17     Highly competitive
29     Moderately competitive
35     Slightly competitive
15     Not at all competitive
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


17     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a year or more but not every month
30     Never
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


20     Every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
49     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


12     More than half the time
45     Less than half the time
33     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


14     Serious
30     Fairly serious
41     Not serious at all
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


21     Every day
69     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


15     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
57     Never
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


11     More than 40 hours
26     40 hours
63     Less than 40 hours
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


11     Every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
64     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


17     Every day
69     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


14     Less than half the time
60     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


16     Every day
75     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


12     Every day
72     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


74     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


19     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
74     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


82     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


38     Less than half the time
56     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


20     Once a year or more but not every month
71     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


18     Slightly automated
71     Not at all automated
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


84     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


84     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


86     Never
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


88     Not important at all
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


88     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


91     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


92     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


93     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


95     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


95     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


91     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


95     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


98     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Education Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Related Experience Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.
Job Zone Examples These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include taxi drivers, amusement and recreation attendants, counter and rental clerks, nonfarm animal caretakers, continuous mining machine operators, and waiters/waitresses.
SVP Range (Below 4.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
50   High school diploma or equivalent Help
37   Less than high school diploma
  Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
78   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
72   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
67   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
56   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
22   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
81   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
78   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
77   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
75   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
72   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
72   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
70   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
68   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
67   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
52   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
51   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
48   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
46   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
43   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
39   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
32   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
83   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
22   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
22   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
17   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
17   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

35-2011.00 Cooks, Fast Food Bright Outlook
35-2021.00 Food Preparation Workers Bright Outlook
35-3021.00 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food Bright Outlook
35-3022.00 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop Bright Outlook
35-3041.00 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant Bright Outlook
35-9011.00 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers Bright Outlook
35-9031.00 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
39-3031.00 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers
41-2011.00 Cashiers Bright Outlook
43-5081.01 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $8.94 hourly, $18,590 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 2,362,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,268,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Accommodation and Food Services (93% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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