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Details Report for:
47-2021.00 - Brickmasons and Blockmasons

Lay and bind building materials, such as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and terra-cotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other structures.

Sample of reported job titles: Bricklayer, Brick Mason, Mason, Brick Layer, Brick and Block Mason, Block Layer, Brickmason, Concrete Finisher, Tender, Block Mason

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
91   Core Remove excess mortar with trowels and hand tools, and finish mortar joints with jointing tools, for a sealed, uniform appearance.
90   Core Construct corners by fastening in plumb position a corner pole or building a corner pyramid of bricks, and filling in between the corners using a line from corner to corner to guide each course, or layer, of brick.
87   Core Measure distance from reference points and mark guidelines to lay out work, using plumb bobs and levels.
85   Core Break or cut bricks, tiles, or blocks to size, using trowel edge, hammer, or power saw.
83   Core Interpret blueprints and drawings to determine specifications and to calculate the materials required.
83   Core Fasten or fuse brick or other building material to structure with wire clamps, anchor holes, torch, or cement.
81   Core Lay and align bricks, blocks, or tiles to build or repair structures or high temperature equipment, such as cupola, kilns, ovens, or furnaces.
80   Core Mix specified amounts of sand, clay, dirt, or mortar powder with water to form refractory mixtures.
80   Core Calculate angles and courses and determine vertical and horizontal alignment of courses.
76   Core Clean working surface to remove scale, dust, soot, or chips of brick and mortar, using broom, wire brush, or scraper.
75   Core Apply and smooth mortar or other mixture over work surface.
64   Core Examine brickwork or structure to determine need for repair.
51   Core Remove burned or damaged brick or mortar, using sledgehammer, crowbar, chipping gun, or chisel.
56   Supplemental Spray or spread refractory material over brickwork to protect against deterioration.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Abrasive stones — Rubbing stones
Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment; Chain blocks; Rope and pulley systems
Blow torch — Cutting torches; Propane torches
Cold chisels — Brick bolsters; Brick sets; Pitching chisels; Tile chisels
Cutting machines — Power joint cutters; Stone splitters
Hammers — Brick hammers; Sledgehammers; Striking tools; Tile hammers (see all 10 examples)
Jacks — Hydraulic jacks; Screw jacks
Levels — Laser levels; Masonry levels; Water levels
Manlift or personnel lift — Bosun chairs; Swing stages; Work cages
Masks or accessories — Dust masks
Plaster or mortar mixers — Cement mixers; Mixing drills; Mortar mixers
Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers; Pneumatic chisels
Power saws — Circular saws; Jig saws; Masonry saws
Shovels — Round point shovels; Square point shovels
Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines; Welders
Trowels — Adhesive trowels; Pointing trowels; Power trowels; Sled runner jointers (see all 8 examples)

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks software
Analytical or scientific software — Construction Management Software ProEst
Computer aided design CAD software — RISA Technologies RISA-3D
Project management software — CPR Visual Estimator; Daystar iStructural.com; Estimating software; Tradesman's Software Master Estimator

See all 79 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
83   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
63   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
62   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
58   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
57   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
57   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
52   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
52   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
50   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
49   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
46   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
44   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
44   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
40   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
35   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
29   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
29   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
29   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
28   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
27   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
26   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
22   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
22   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
20   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
16   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
15   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
11   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
11   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
11   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
53   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
47   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
47   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
47   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
44   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
44   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
41   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
41   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
41   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
38   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
35   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
28   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
28   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
25   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
13   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
10   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
72   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
72   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
69   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
69   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
69   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
69   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
60   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
60   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
56   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
53   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
50   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
50   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
50   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
50   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
47   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
47   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
47   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
44   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
44   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
41   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
41   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
41   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
38   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
38   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
35   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
35   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
35   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
31   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
28   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
28   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
25   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
25   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
22   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
19   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
19   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
13   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
90   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Align masonry materials.
  • Apply mortar.
  • Apply sealants or other protective coatings.
  • Cut tile, stone, or other masonry materials.
  • Install masonry materials.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials.
90   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
  • Remove excess materials from finished construction projects.
  • Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
88   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect work sites to determine condition or necessary repairs.
80   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
79   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Estimate materials requirements for projects.
79   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs.
77   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
76   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
75   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
74   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
73   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
73   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
72   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
72   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
67   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
65   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
65   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
65   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
64   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
62   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
62   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
60   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
59   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
57   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
57   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
57   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
55   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
54   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
54   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
51   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
49   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
47   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
47   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
42   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
38   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
38   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
29   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
22   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
19   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
18   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
99   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
98   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
95   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
95   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
91   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
90   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
86   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
85   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
84   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
81   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
79   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
78   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
76   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
71   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
70   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
70   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
69   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
68   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
65   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
64   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
62   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
61   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
60   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
55   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
55   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
54   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
54   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
53   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
53   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
47   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
47   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
47   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
45   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
44   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
43   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
43   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
42   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
39   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
38   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
38   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
35   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
31   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
25   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
25   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
25   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
23   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
21   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
20   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
19   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
15   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
  Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
  Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
  Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
  Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
 Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
 Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
58   Less than high school diploma
26   High school diploma or equivalent Help
11   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
56   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
  Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
86   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
84   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
75   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
70   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
67   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
67   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
67   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
67   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
66   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
64   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
60   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
59   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
57   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
56   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
55   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
50   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
39   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
33   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
28   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
22   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2031.01 Construction Carpenters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2031.02 Rough Carpenters   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
47-2051.00 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2081.00 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
47-2132.00 Insulation Workers, Mechanical Bright Outlook
47-2171.00 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers Bright Outlook
47-2211.00 Sheet Metal Workers Green Occupation
47-2221.00 Structural Iron and Steel Workers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-3015.00 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters Bright Outlook
51-4192.00 Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $22.41 hourly, $46,610 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 71,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 32,800
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (76% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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