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Details Report for:
47-2031.01 - Construction Carpenters

Construct, erect, install, and repair structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, and wallboard, using carpenter's hand tools and power tools.

Sample of reported job titles: Assembler, Cabinet Maker, Carpenter Foreman, Carpentry Foreman, Concrete Carpenter, Construction Superintendent, Construction Worker, Foreman, Framer, Production Worker

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
87   Core Follow established safety rules and regulations and maintain a safe and clean environment.
87   Core Study specifications in blueprints, sketches, or building plans to prepare project layout and determine dimensions and materials required.
85   Core Measure and mark cutting lines on materials, using a ruler, pencil, chalk, and marking gauge.
84   Core Shape or cut materials to specified measurements, using hand tools, machines, or power saws.
83   Core Install structures or fixtures, such as windows, frames, floorings, trim, or hardware, using carpenters' hand or power tools.
83   Core Verify trueness of structure, using plumb bob and level.
80   Core Select and order lumber or other required materials.
78   Core Arrange for subcontractors to deal with special areas, such as heating or electrical wiring work.
77   Core Maintain records, document actions, and present written progress reports.
76   Core Build or repair cabinets, doors, frameworks, floors, or other wooden fixtures used in buildings, using woodworking machines, carpenter's hand tools, or power tools.
70   Core Erect scaffolding or ladders for assembling structures above ground level.
69   Core Inspect ceiling or floor tile, wall coverings, siding, glass, or woodwork to detect broken or damaged structures.
69   Core Assemble and fasten materials to make frameworks or props, using hand tools and wood screws, nails, dowel pins, or glue.
66   Core Remove damaged or defective parts or sections of structures and repair or replace, using hand tools.
62   Core Finish surfaces of woodwork or wallboard in houses or buildings, using paint, hand tools, or paneling.
60   Core Apply shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative paneling to ceilings or walls.
58   Core Cover subfloors with building paper to keep out moisture and lay hardwood, parquet, or wood-strip-block floors by nailing floors to subfloor or cementing them to mastic or asphalt base.
58   Core Fill cracks or other defects in plaster or plasterboard and sand patch, using patching plaster, trowel, and sanding tool.
56   Core Perform minor plumbing, welding, or concrete mixing work.
76   Supplemental Prepare cost estimates for clients or employers.
66   Supplemental Construct forms or chutes for pouring concrete.
62   Supplemental Work with or remove hazardous material.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Biscuit jointers — Biscuit joiners; Joiners
Guide jig — Chain saw jigs; Mortise jigs
Jacks — Beam-lifting jacks; Screw jacks; Wall-lifting jacks
Ladders — Extension ladders; Fold-up ladders; Non-conducting ladders
Levels — Calibrating electronic levels; Laser levels; Torpedo levels; Visible beam laser levels (see all 15 examples)
Power routers — Plunge routers; Portable routers; Trim routers
Power sanders — Belt sanders; Drum sanders; Handheld rotary tools; Random orbital sanders
Power saws — Beam saws; Circular saws; Reciprocating saws; Worm-drive saws (see all 7 examples)
Screwdrivers — Multi-tip screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
Squares — Combination squares; Framing squares; Layout bars
Tape measures — Cross-curve tape measures; Measuring tapes; Story pole tape measures

Technology used in this occupation:

Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks software; Intuit Quicken software; Job costing software
Computer aided design CAD software — Drawing and drafting software
Information retrieval or search software — Renaissance MasterCarpenter
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Project management software — Bosch Punch List; Craftsman CD Estimator; Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal; VirtualBoss (see all 5 examples)
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Web page creation and editing software
Word processing software — Microsoft Word; Wilhelm Publishing Threshold

See all 74 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
91   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
79   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
70   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
66   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
65   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
61   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
57   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
55   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
53   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
42   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
39   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
34   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
34   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
33   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
33   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
32   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
30   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
29   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
28   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
26   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
25   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
24   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
12   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
12   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
12   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
11   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
53   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
50   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
50   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
50   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
47   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
41   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
41   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
41   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
38   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
38   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
35   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
35   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
35   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
31   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
31   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
31   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
28   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
25   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
22   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
66   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
63   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
60   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
60   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
56   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
53   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
53   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
53   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
53   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
53   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
53   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
50   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
50   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
50   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
47   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
47   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
47   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
47   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
47   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
47   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
47   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
47   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
44   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
44   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
44   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
41   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
41   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
35   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
35   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
31   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
31   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
31   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
28   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
28   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
22   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
22   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
22   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
19   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
16   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
85   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
77   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect work sites to determine condition or necessary repairs.
  • Verify alignment of structures or equipment.
77   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean work sites.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
  • Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
76   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply decorative or textured finishes or coverings.
  • Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
  • Build construction forms or molds.
  • Cut wood components for installation.
  • Install building fixtures.
  • Install carpet or flooring.
  • Install doors or windows.
  • Install trim or paneling.
  • Install wooden structural components.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials.
  • Prepare hazardous waste for processing or disposal.
  • Weld metal components.
75   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
74   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
72   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
70   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
69   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
67   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
64   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
63   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Select construction materials.
62   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
61   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Estimate construction project costs.
  • Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
61   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
61   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
58   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Coordinate construction project activities.
56   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
56   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
55   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
55   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
53   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
51   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
51   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
50   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
50   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
46   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
44   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
44   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
44   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
43   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
42   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
38   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
36   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Prepare operational reports.
36   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Order construction or extraction materials or equipment.
31   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
31   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
30   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
29   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
22   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
17   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


86     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


81     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


68     Continually or almost continually
20     More than half the time
12     About half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


67     Extremely important
24     Very important
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


78     Every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


81     Every day
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


68     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


56     Extremely important
30     Very important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


59     A lot of freedom
21     Some freedom
20     Limited freedom
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


59     Constant contact with others
23     Contact with others most of the time
12     Contact with others about half the time
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


63     Continually or almost continually
23     More than half the time
11     Less than half the time
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


34     Extremely important
61     Very important
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


38     Very important results
52     Important results
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


49     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


36     Very close (near touching)
58     Moderately close (at arm's length)
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


49     Very high responsibility
25     High responsibility
25     Moderate responsibility
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


51     A lot of freedom
24     Some freedom
24     Limited freedom
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


51     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


36     Very high responsibility
47     High responsibility
13     Moderate responsibility
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


39     Continually or almost continually
25     More than half the time
29     About half the time
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


35     Every day
30     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


32     Every day
32     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


35     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
35     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


23     Continually or almost continually
41     More than half the time
18     About half the time
18     Less than half the time
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


33     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
37     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


36     Continually or almost continually
16     More than half the time
16     About half the time
33     Less than half the time
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


14     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
42     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Once a year or more but not every month
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


30     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
22     Once a year or more but not every month
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


35     Extremely important
20     Very important
16     Important
23     Not important at all
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


31     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Once a year or more but not every month
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


48     Every day
28     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


25     More than 40 hours
63     40 hours
11     Less than 40 hours
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


22     Every day
12     Once a week or more but not every day
44     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


12     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Once a year or more but not every month
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


30     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
33     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


23     Highly competitive
58     Moderately competitive
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


18     More than half the time
53     About half the time
25     Less than half the time
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


24     Every day
27     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
21     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


18     More than half the time
30     About half the time
44     Less than half the time
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


16     Every day
22     Once a week or more but not every day
43     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


22     Very important
44     Important
18     Fairly important
14     Not important at all
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


16     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
39     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


19     Once a week or more but not every day
48     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


14     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
46     Once a year or more but not every month
15     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


13     Continually or almost continually
29     About half the time
50     Less than half the time
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
34     Once a month or more but not every week
40     Once a year or more but not every month
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


27     Very serious
43     Fairly serious
20     Not serious at all
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


14     Extremely important
15     Very important
13     Important
22     Fairly important
36     Not important at all
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


22     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
51     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


13     Once a week or more but not every day
28     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
27     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


66     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
34     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


11     More than half the time
48     Less than half the time
41     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


45     Slightly automated
50     Not at all automated
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


16     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
64     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


29     Once a year or more but not every month
68     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


15     Once a year or more but not every month
85     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
54   High school diploma or equivalent Help
18   Less than high school diploma
17   Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
61   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
45   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
28   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
11   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
93   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
89   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
86   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
82   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
81   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
78   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
74   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
74   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
74   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
73   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
72   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
68   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
67   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
67   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
66   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
62   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
56   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
50   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
33   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2021.00 Brickmasons and Blockmasons   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
47-2031.02 Rough Carpenters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2044.00 Tile and Marble Setters
47-2051.00 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2053.00 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers
47-2081.00 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
47-2211.00 Sheet Metal Workers   Green Occupation Green
47-3012.00 Helpers--Carpenters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-4031.00 Fence Erectors Bright Outlook
51-4192.00 Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Carpenters.
Employment data collected from Carpenters.
Industry data collected from Carpenters.

Median wages (2013) $19.47 hourly, $40,500 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 901,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 329,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (53% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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