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Details Report for:
47-2071.00 - Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators

Operate equipment used for applying concrete, asphalt, or other materials to road beds, parking lots, or airport runways and taxiways, or equipment used for tamping gravel, dirt, or other materials. Includes concrete and asphalt paving machine operators, form tampers, tamping machine operators, and stone spreader operators.

Sample of reported job titles: Equipment Operator (EO), Paver Operator, Roller Operator, Truck Driver, Operator, Screed Operator, Heavy Equipment Operator, Maintenance Equipment Operator (MEO), Asphalt Raker, Asphalt Paver Operator

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
85   Core Operate machines to spread, smooth, level, or steel-reinforce stone, concrete, or asphalt on road beds.
82   Core Observe distribution of paving material to adjust machine settings or material flow, and indicate low spots for workers to add material.
80   Core Control traffic.
80   Core Light burners or start heating units of machines, and regulate screed temperatures and asphalt flow rates.
79   Core Inspect, clean, maintain, and repair equipment, using mechanics' hand tools, or report malfunctions to supervisors.
78   Core Operate tamping machines or manually roll surfaces to compact earth fills, foundation forms, and finished road materials, according to grade specifications.
76   Core Start machine, engage clutch, and push and move levers to guide machine along forms or guidelines and to control the operation of machine attachments.
74   Core Fill tanks, hoppers, or machines with paving materials.
72   Core Set up and tear down equipment.
72   Core Coordinate truck dumping.
68   Core Drive machines onto truck trailers, and drive trucks to transport machines and material to and from job sites.
61   Core Shovel blacktop.
79   Supplemental Control paving machines to push dump trucks and to maintain a constant flow of asphalt or other material into hoppers or screeds.
66   Supplemental Operate oil distributors, loaders, chip spreaders, dump trucks, and snow plows.
65   Supplemental Set up forms and lay out guidelines for curbs, according to written specifications, using string, spray paint, and concrete/water mixes.
59   Supplemental Place strips of material such as cork, asphalt, or steel into joints, or place rolls of expansion-joint material on machines that automatically insert material.
57   Supplemental Operate machines that clean or cut expansion joints in concrete or asphalt and that rout out cracks in pavement.
55   Supplemental Cut or break up pavement and drive guardrail posts, using machines equipped with interchangeable hammers.
54   Supplemental Install dies, cutters, and extensions to screeds onto machines, using hand tools.
50   Supplemental Drive and operate curbing machines to extrude concrete or asphalt curbing.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Asphalt finishers — Paving finishing machines; Power extendable screeds
Bituminous material distributors — Asphalt distributor trucks; Liquid asphalt storage equipment; Oil distributors
Curbing machines — Paving curbing machines; Slip form machines
Flatbed trailers — Flatbed truck trailers
Graders — Motor graders
Levels — Laser levels
Measuring tapes — Surveying tapes
Paving material mixers — Asphalt mixing equipment; Hot mix material transfer devices; Self-propelled material transfer devices; Windrow pickup machines
Rakes — Asphalt rakes
Road pavers — Automatic paving control systems; Concrete paving machines; Robotic paving machines; Rubber-track asphalt pavers (see all 6 examples)
Road surface heater planers — Road heater-planers
Rollers — Manual rollers; Pneumatic rollers; Static rollers; Vibratory rollers (see all 5 examples)
Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers
Snowplow attachments — Snowplows

Technology used in this occupation:

Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D
Electronic mail software — Email software
Project management software — HCSS HeavyBid
Spreadsheet software
Time accounting software — Time report software
Word processing software

See all 47 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
74   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
65   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
61   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
57   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
57   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
55   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
53   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
53   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
50   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
47   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
45   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
45   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
36   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
33   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
33   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
30   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
30   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
25   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
25   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
23   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
22   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
22   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
21   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
19   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
15   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
15   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
14   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
13   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
63   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
60   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
50   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
47   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
47   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
47   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
47   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
44   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
41   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
41   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
41   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
41   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
38   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
38   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
28   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
28   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
28   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
25   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
22   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
19   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
13   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
10   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
66   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
60   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
56   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
53   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
53   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
53   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
53   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
50   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
50   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
50   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
50   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
50   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
50   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
50   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
50   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
47   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
47   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
47   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
47   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
47   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
47   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
44   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
44   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
44   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
44   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
44   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
41   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
41   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
38   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
38   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
35   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
31   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
25   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
22   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
22   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
22   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
22   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
22   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
19   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
13   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10   Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
90   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Break up rock, asphalt, or concrete.
  • Operate equipment or vehicles to clear construction sites or move materials.
  • Operate heavy-duty construction or installation equipment.
  • Operate road-surfacing equipment.
85   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  • Drive trucks or truck-mounted equipment.
81   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean equipment or facilities.
  • Compact materials to create level bases.
  • Load materials into construction equipment.
  • Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
  • Spread sand, dirt or other loose materials onto surfaces.
78   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures.
  • Build construction forms or molds.
  • Cut tile, stone, or other masonry materials.
  • Direct vehicle traffic.
  • Dismantle equipment or temporary structures.
  • Install equipment attachments or components.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials.
74   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect equipment or tools to be used in construction or excavation.
69   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
69   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor construction operations.
67   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
67   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
64   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
63   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
61   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
60   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
60   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain construction tools or equipment.
58   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
58   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
51   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
51   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
48   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
48   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
47   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
45   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
44   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
44   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
44   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
43   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
41   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Coordinate construction project activities.
  • Direct construction or extraction personnel.
40   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
37   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
36   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
35   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
34   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
33   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
30   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
29   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
28   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
28   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
24   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
20   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
17   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
16   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


88     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


77     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


72     Very high responsibility
15     High responsibility
12     Moderate responsibility
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


83     Continually or almost continually
11     Less than half the time
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


76     Every day
11     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


75     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


65     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a year or more but not every month
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


74     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


75     Every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


66     More than 40 hours
32     40 hours
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


18     Very important
19     Important
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


44     Extremely important
35     Very important
21     Important
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


66     Every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


64     Every day
11     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


62     Every day
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


35     Extremely important
46     Very important
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


59     Every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
13     Never
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


19     Contact with others most of the time
24     Occasional contact with others
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


40     Very high responsibility
23     High responsibility
17     Moderate responsibility
19     Limited responsibility
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


57     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
18     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a year or more but not every month
17     Never
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


39     Very important results
14     Important results
31     Moderate results
11     No results
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


26     Continually or almost continually
19     More than half the time
36     About half the time
14     Less than half the time
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


20     A lot of freedom
21     Some freedom
45     Limited freedom
14     Very little freedom
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


27     Extremely serious
24     Very serious
26     Serious
13     Fairly serious
11     Not serious at all
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


28     Continually or almost continually
15     More than half the time
30     About half the time
25     Less than half the time
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


26     Extremely important
32     Very important
25     Fairly important
11     Not important at all
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


16     Extremely important
29     Very important
39     Important
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


14     A lot of freedom
32     Some freedom
31     Limited freedom
22     Very little freedom
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


19     Seasonal (only during certain times of the year)
80     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


26     Continually or almost continually
14     More than half the time
20     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


46     Moderately close (at arm's length)
14     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
22     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
11     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


12     Every day
34     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


34     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a year or more but not every month
29     Never
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


35     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


14     Extremely competitive
40     Highly competitive
12     Slightly competitive
26     Not at all competitive
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


14     Continually or almost continually
25     More than half the time
13     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


22     Once a week or more but not every day
40     Once a month or more but not every week
27     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


34     Every day
12     Once a year or more but not every month
40     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


11     Completely automated
14     Highly automated
37     Moderately automated
20     Slightly automated
19     Not at all automated
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


13     Continually or almost continually
20     More than half the time
57     Less than half the time
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


16     Extremely important
25     Important
13     Fairly important
39     Not important at all
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


13     Continually or almost continually
37     Less than half the time
42     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


14     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
41     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


14     Every day
66     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


17     Once a week or more but not every day
68     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


11     Every day
30     Once a year or more but not every month
53     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


13     Every day
67     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


12     Once a week or more but not every day
19     Once a year or more but not every month
62     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
59     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


55     Less than half the time
43     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


19     Once a year or more but not every month
68     Never
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
82     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


42     Less than half the time
57     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


11     Once a month or more but not every week
87     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


86     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


12     Once a year or more but not every month
86     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available High school diploma or equivalent Help
Not available Less than high school diploma
Not available Post-secondary certificate Help

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
28   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
91   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
79   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
74   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
71   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
71   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
69   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
67   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
67   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
64   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
63   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
60   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
59   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
59   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
57   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
52   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
49   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
31   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
22   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
17   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2051.00 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2072.00 Pile-Driver Operators   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
47-2073.00 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2151.00 Pipelayers
47-3011.00 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters Bright Outlook
47-4031.00 Fence Erectors Bright Outlook
47-4051.00 Highway Maintenance Workers
47-4061.00 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators   Green Occupation Green
47-5081.00 Helpers--Extraction Workers
53-7032.00 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $18.16 hourly, $37,780 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 55,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 18,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (68% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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