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Details Report for:
47-2152.01 - Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters

Lay out, assemble, install, or maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, or related hydraulic or pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, or industrial production or processing systems.

Sample of reported job titles: Pipe Fitter, Pipefitter, Welder, Steamfitter, Sprinkler Fitter, Equipment Service Associate (ESA), Machine Repairman, Journeyman Pipe Fitter, Millwright, Pipe Welder

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
81   Core Plan pipe system layout, installation, or repair, according to specifications.
80   Core Inspect, examine, or test installed systems or pipe lines, using pressure gauge, hydrostatic testing, observation, or other methods.
80   Core Select pipe sizes, types, or related materials, such as supports, hangers, or hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications.
79   Core Measure and mark pipes for cutting or threading.
79   Core Attach pipes to walls, structures, or fixtures, such as radiators or tanks, using brackets, clamps, tools, or welding equipment.
79   Core Assemble or secure pipes, tubes, fittings, or related equipment, according to specifications, by welding, brazing, cementing, soldering, or threading joints.
79   Core Lay out full scale drawings of pipe systems, supports, and related equipment, following blueprints.
78   Core Turn valves to shut off steam, water, or other gases or liquids from pipe sections, using valve keys or wrenches.
77   Core Cut, thread, or hammer pipes to specifications, using tools such as saws, cutting torches, pipe threaders, or pipe benders.
73   Core Remove and replace worn components.
73   Core Install automatic controls used to regulate pipe systems.
69   Core Modify, clean, and maintain pipe systems, units, fittings, and related machines and equipment, following specifications and using hand and power tools.
68   Core Cut or bore holes in structures, such as bulkheads, decks, walls, or mains, prior to pipe installation, using hand or power tools.
68   Supplemental Inspect work sites for obstructions and to ensure that holes will not cause structural weakness.
55   Supplemental Operate motorized pumps to remove water from flooded manholes, basements, or facility floors.
55   Supplemental Prepare cost estimates for clients.
27   Supplemental Dip nonferrous piping materials in a mixture of molten tin and lead to obtain a coating that prevents erosion or galvanic or electrolytic action.
Not available Not available Install fixtures, appliances, or equipment designed to reduce water or energy consumption. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install or test gray water systems, such as recycling, treatment, or irrigation systems. Green Task Statement
Not available Not available Install pipe systems to support alternative energy-fueled systems, such as geothermal heating and cooling systems. Green Task Statement

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Blow torch — Air-acetylene torches; Cutting torches; Propane torches
Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment; Plasma cutting guides; Torch cutter guides
Hoists — Chain falls; Tirfors; Tuggers
Levels — Automatic levels; Laser levels; Pocket levels; Two-hole pins (see all 7 examples)
Metal markers or holders — Centering head tools; Magnetic circle layout tools; Radius markers
Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters
Pipe vises — Stands; Welding clamps
Pneumatic grinders — Air operated grinders; Angle air grinders; Pneumatic pipe bevelers
Power grinders — Offset grinders; Pedestal grinders; Portable grinders; Stationary grinders
Pressure indicators — Hydrostatic testers; Pressure gauges
Screwdrivers — Flat head screwdrivers; Impact screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers
Specialty wrenches — Basin wrenches; Chain wrenches; Monkey wrench sets
Squares — Combination squares; Framing squares

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — AutoPIPE software; COADE CAESAR II; Pipepro Pipefitting software; Watter Hammer Software Hytran
Computer aided design CAD software — AEC Design Group CADPIPE; Pipe 2D software; ViziFlow software
Electronic mail software — Email software
Internet browser software
Project management software — Piping construction costs estimation software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel; PipingOffice software
Word processing software

See all 108 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
86   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
75   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
73   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
62   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
61   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
54   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
53   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
53   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
50   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
47   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
44   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
44   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
43   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
39   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
38   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
32   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
30   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
30   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
29   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
29   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
28   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
28   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
27   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
20   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
20   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
19   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
11   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
63   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
60   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
53   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
53   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
50   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
47   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
47   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
47   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
44   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
44   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
44   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
41   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
41   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
41   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
41   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
41   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
38   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
35   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
35   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
69   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
66   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
66   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
63   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
63   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
63   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
60   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
60   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
60   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
56   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
56   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
56   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
53   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
53   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
53   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
53   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
50   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
50   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
50   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
50   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
47   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
47   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
44   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
44   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
44   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
44   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
44   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
44   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
44   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
44   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
41   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
41   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
41   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
38   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
38   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
38   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
35   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
31   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
31   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
28   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
28   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
22   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
85   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Cut metal components for installation.
  • Drill holes in construction materials.
  • Fabricate parts or components.
  • Install gauges or controls.
  • Install green plumbing or water handling systems.
  • Install plumbing or piping.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials.
  • Weld metal components.
80   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
80   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate pumps or compressors.
80   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean equipment or facilities.
  • Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
78   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect plumbing systems or fixtures.
  • Inspect work sites to identify potential environmental or safety hazards.
  • Test green technology installations to verify performance.
76   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
73   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures.
70   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Select construction materials.
70   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs.
69   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
68   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
68   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
65   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
65   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
65   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
64   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
64   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
63   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Create construction or installation diagrams.
62   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
60   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
59   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
57   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
55   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
54   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Estimate construction project costs.
  • Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
54   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
52   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
49   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
49   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
49   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
47   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
47   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
46   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
45   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
44   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
43   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
40   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
38   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
34   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
27   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
25   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
20   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
91   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
89   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
85   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
85   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
82   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
82   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
81   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
80   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
78   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
78   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
76   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
75   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
74   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
71   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
70   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
70   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
70   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
70   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
69   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
68   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
67   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
64   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
63   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
63   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
63   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
63   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
61   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
59   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
59   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
57   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
56   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
55   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
53   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
52   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
51   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
50   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
50   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
50   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
46   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
46   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
46   Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
43   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
41   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
40   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
35   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
31   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
25   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
25   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
24   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
22   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
16   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
15   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
14   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
13   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
12   Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
12   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
  Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
69   Post-secondary certificate Help
26   High school diploma or equivalent Help
  Some college, no degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
33   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
17   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
17   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
  Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
86   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
83   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
77   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
75   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
74   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
73   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
68   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
64   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
64   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
64   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
62   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
60   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
59   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
59   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
58   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
55   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
67   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
61   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
61   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
47   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
39   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2011.00 Boilermakers Green Occupation
47-2031.02 Rough Carpenters Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2111.00 Electricians Bright Outlook Green Occupation
47-2152.02 Plumbers   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook     Green Occupation Green
47-2211.00 Sheet Metal Workers Green Occupation
49-9021.01 Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
49-9044.00 Millwrights Green Occupation
49-9051.00 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers Green Occupation
49-9071.00 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General Bright Outlook Green Occupation
49-9092.00 Commercial Divers Bright Outlook

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Employment data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Industry data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.

Median wages (2013) $24.13 hourly, $50,180 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 387,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 130,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Construction (71% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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