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Details Report for:
47-4051.00 - Highway Maintenance Workers

Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway.

Sample of reported job titles: Equipment Operator (EO), Highway Maintenance Worker, Highway Maintainer, Highway Maintenance Technician, Transportation Maintenance Specialist (TMS), Truck Driver, Transportation Maintenance Operator, Heavy Equipment Operator, Highway Maintenance Crew Worker, Highway Worker

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
89   Core Flag motorists to warn them of obstacles or repair work ahead.
89   Core Set out signs and cones around work areas to divert traffic.
84   Core Perform preventative maintenance on vehicles and heavy equipment.
81   Core Drive heavy equipment and vehicles with adjustable attachments to sweep debris from paved surfaces, mow grass and weeds, remove snow and ice, and spread salt and sand.
77   Core Drive trucks to transport crews and equipment to work sites.
71   Core Haul and spread sand, gravel, and clay to fill washouts and repair road shoulders.
68   Core Dump, spread, and tamp asphalt, using pneumatic tampers, to repair joints and patch broken pavement.
67   Core Clean and clear debris from culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, ditches, and other drain structures.
67   Core Remove litter and debris from roadways, including debris from rock and mud slides.
64   Core Erect, install, or repair guardrails, road shoulders, berms, highway markers, warning signals, and highway lighting, using hand tools and power tools.
63   Core Inspect, clean, and repair drainage systems, bridges, tunnels, and other structures.
56   Core Perform roadside landscaping work, such as clearing weeds and brush, and planting and trimming trees.
69   Supplemental Inspect markers to verify accurate installation.
61   Supplemental Paint traffic control lines and place pavement traffic messages, by hand or using machines.
57   Supplemental Apply oil to road surfaces, using sprayers.
57   Supplemental Measure and mark locations for installation of markers, using tape, string, or chalk.
57   Supplemental Place and remove snow fences used to prevent the accumulation of drifting snow on highways.
52   Supplemental Apply poisons along roadsides and in animal burrows to eliminate unwanted roadside vegetation and rodents.
45   Supplemental Blend compounds to form adhesive mixtures used for marker installation.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Aggregate spreaders — Hydraulic spreaders; Sand spreaders; Stone box spreaders
All terrain cranes — 10-ton crawlers; Self-propelled cranes
Bituminous material distributors — Bituminous pavers; Tar distributors; Windrow loaders
Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Catch basin vacuum cleaners; Culvert cleaners; Sewer cleaners; Sewer eels
Dump trucks — 10-ton tandem-axle dump trucks; 8-ton dump trucks; Belly dump tractor trailers
Front end loaders — Four-wheel drive front end loaders; Two-wheel drive front end loaders
Hydraulic pumps — High-pressure hydraulic pumps; Medium pressure hydraulic pumps; Paint transfer pumps
Mowers — Rear brush hog mowers; Rear flail mowers; Side-mount rotary mowers; Tractor-mounted mowers
Paint sprayers — Paint guns; Thermoplastic applicators; Truck-mounted pavement striping machines
Rollers — 4-6 ton roller patchers; Patch rollers less than 9 tons; Pavement rollers
Scrubbing machines — Power broom street sweepers; Self-propelled sweepers; Tow brooms
Snowplow attachments — Rotary snowplows; Snowplows
Sprayers — Chemical sprayers; Computerized weed spray trucks

Technology used in this occupation:

Data base user interface and query software — Database software
Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
Internet browser software — Web browser software
Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all 108 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
83   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
67   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
64   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
64   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
63   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
62   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
61   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
57   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
51   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
49   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
47   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
41   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
40   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
39   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
36   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
35   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
34   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
34   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
34   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
33   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
33   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
26   Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
23   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
22   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
18   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
17   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
17   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
15   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
12   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
10   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
10   Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
69   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
69   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
53   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
53   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
53   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
53   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
53   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
50   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
47   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
47   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
47   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
44   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
41   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
38   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
38   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
38   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
38   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
35   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
35   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
31   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
28   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
28   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
28   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
22   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
16   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
13   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
  Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
75   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
72   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
66   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
63   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
63   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
60   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
60   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
60   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
60   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
60   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
60   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
56   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
56   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
56   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
56   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
56   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
53   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
53   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
53   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
53   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
50   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
50   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
47   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
44   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
44   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
44   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
41   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
41   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
41   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
38   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
38   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
35   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
35   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
35   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
35   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
35   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
31   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
31   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
31   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
28   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
25   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
94   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  • Drive trucks or truck-mounted equipment.
91   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect completed work to ensure proper installation.
  • Inspect industrial or commercial equipment to ensure proper operation.
85   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate equipment or vehicles to clear construction sites or move materials.
  • Operate road-surfacing equipment.
82   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain mechanical equipment.
  • Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures.
78   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean equipment or facilities.
  • Compact materials to create level bases.
  • Mix substances or compounds needed for work activities.
  • Move construction or extraction materials to locations where they are needed.
  • Pour materials into or on designated areas.
  • Remove debris or vegetation from work sites.
  • Spread concrete or other aggregate mixtures.
  • Spread sand, dirt or other loose materials onto surfaces.
77   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
75   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
73   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Measure work site dimensions.
70   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
70   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
70   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
68   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
65   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
65   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
64   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
63   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Apply paint to surfaces.
  • Direct vehicle traffic.
  • Dismantle equipment or temporary structures.
  • Install fencing or other barriers.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials.
62   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
60   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
59   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
59   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
58   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
56   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
56   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
53   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
51   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
50   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
48   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
47   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
45   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
44   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
44   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
42   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
39   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
39   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
36   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
35   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
32   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
29   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
29   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
24   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
15   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


77     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


74     Every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


60     Every day
39     Once a week or more but not every day
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


77     Every day
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


64     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


68     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a year or more but not every month
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


36     Every day
62     Once a week or more but not every day
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


54     Continually or almost continually
24     More than half the time
11     Less than half the time
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


61     Extremely important
16     Very important
16     Fairly important
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


38     Every day
52     Once a week or more but not every day
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


54     Constant contact with others
22     Contact with others most of the time
21     Occasional contact with others
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


48     Very high responsibility
11     High responsibility
38     Moderate responsibility
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


36     Very important results
41     Important results
19     Minor results
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


38     Very high responsibility
16     High responsibility
25     Moderate responsibility
22     Limited responsibility
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


38     Very close (near touching)
34     Moderately close (at arm's length)
16     I don't work near other people (beyond 100 ft.)
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


23     Extremely important
37     Very important
21     Important
18     Fairly important
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


41     Every day
25     Once a month or more but not every week
20     Once a year or more but not every month
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


34     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
31     Once a year or more but not every month
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


41     Every day
26     Once a week or more but not every day
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


28     A lot of freedom
25     Some freedom
34     Limited freedom
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


33     A lot of freedom
14     Some freedom
37     Limited freedom
13     No freedom
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


36     Extremely important
24     Very important
21     Fairly important
13     Not important at all
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


19     Extremely important
31     Very important
28     Important
19     Fairly important
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


29     Continually or almost continually
19     More than half the time
26     About half the time
16     Less than half the time
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


24     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
16     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


39     Continually or almost continually
17     Less than half the time
13     Never
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


16     More than 40 hours
84     40 hours
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


23     Extremely important
20     Very important
31     Important
19     Not important at all
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


18     Extremely important
20     Very important
24     Important
37     Fairly important
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


37     Once a week or more but not every day
38     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


13     Continually or almost continually
26     More than half the time
26     About half the time
36     Less than half the time
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


34     Every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
23     Never
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


16     Extremely competitive
21     Highly competitive
41     Moderately competitive
17     Not at all competitive
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


28     Every day
29     Once a week or more but not every day
37     Never
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


39     Extremely serious
29     Fairly serious
22     Not serious at all
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


29     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


17     Every day
16     Once a week or more but not every day
21     Once a month or more but not every week
37     Once a year or more but not every month
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


13     Continually or almost continually
22     More than half the time
26     About half the time
30     Less than half the time
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


17     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


15     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
23     Once a month or more but not every week
21     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


40     Every day
49     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


17     Every day
24     Once a year or more but not every month
32     Never
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


73     Less than half the time
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


11     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
18     Once a month or more but not every week
47     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


45     Moderately automated
26     Slightly automated
24     Not at all automated
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


50     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
42     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


14     Every day
17     Once a week or more but not every day
58     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


18     Once a week or more but not every day
22     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


24     About half the time
15     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


11     More than half the time
16     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
34     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


39     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


34     Once a year or more but not every month
50     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


18     About half the time
37     Less than half the time
44     Never
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


25     Once a year or more but not every month
61     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


15     Once a month or more but not every week
11     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


27     Once a year or more but not every month
70     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


92     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
78   High school diploma or equivalent Help
14   Post-secondary certificate Help
  Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
33   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
83   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
82   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
75   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
74   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
74   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
74   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
72   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
68   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
68   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
68   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
65   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
64   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
63   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
63   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
61   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
59   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
56   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
50   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
31   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
28   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
17   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
17   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

47-2071.00 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
47-2072.00 Pile-Driver Operators   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
47-4061.00 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators   Green Occupation Green
47-5013.00 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining Green Occupation
47-5081.00 Helpers--Extraction Workers
53-3032.00 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Bright Outlook Green Occupation
53-4013.00 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers
53-7032.00 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators
53-7071.00 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators
53-7072.00 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $17.25 hourly, $35,870 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 148,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 30,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Government (95% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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