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Details Report for:
51-4061.00 - Model Makers, Metal and Plastic

Set up and operate machines, such as lathes, milling and engraving machines, and jig borers to make working models of metal or plastic objects. Includes template makers.

Sample of reported job titles: Model Maker, Machinist, Tool and Die Maker, Tool Maker, Molding Technician, Metal Model Maker, Catalytic Converter Special Build Prototype, Fabricator, Prototype Special Build, Computer Numerical Control Machinist (CNC Machinist)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
80   Core Study blueprints, drawings, and sketches to determine material dimensions, required equipment, and operations sequences.
79   Core Set up and operate machines such as lathes, drill presses, punch presses, or bandsaws to fabricate prototypes or models.
76   Core Inspect and test products to verify conformance to specifications, using precision measuring instruments or circuit testers.
73   Core Cut, shape, and form metal parts, using lathes, power saws, snips, power brakes and shears, files, and mallets.
72   Core Lay out and mark reference points and dimensions on materials, using measuring instruments and drawing or scribing tools.
71   Core Drill, countersink, and ream holes in parts and assemblies for bolts, screws, and other fasteners, using power tools.
70   Core Grind, file, and sand parts to finished dimensions.
70   Core Record specifications, production operations, and final dimensions of models for use in establishing operating standards and procedures.
69   Core Rework or alter component model or parts as required to ensure that products meet standards.
68   Core Align, fit, and join parts, using bolts and screws or by welding or gluing.
65   Core Consult and confer with engineering personnel to discuss developmental problems and to recommend product modifications.
64   Core Assemble mechanical, electrical, and electronic components into models or prototypes, using hand tools, power tools, and fabricating machines.
63   Core Devise and construct tools, dies, molds, jigs, and fixtures, or modify existing tools and equipment.
42   Supplemental Wire and solder electrical and electronic connections and components.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Calipers — Digital calipers
Comparators — Shadowgraph optical comparators
Drill press or radial drill — Benchtop drill presses; Hydraulic punch presses
Grease guns — Grease dispensing guns
Hardness testers — Digital hardness testers
Hoists — Chain hoists
Hydraulic press brake — Power brakes
Micrometers — Electronic micrometers
Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
Smooth cut file — Flat smooth cut files
Soldering iron — Microsoldering equipment; Soldering irons
Three dimensional printing machine — Fused deposition modeling FDM printers; Selective layered sintering SLS printers; Stereolithography SLA printers; Three-dimensional prototyping printers
Tinners snips — Hand snips; Metal shears
Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Jewelers lathes; Manual lathes
Wire cathode electrode discharge machine — Electrical discharge machines EDM
Workshop cranes — Portable workshop cranes

Technology used in this occupation:

Computer aided design CAD software — PTC Creo Parametric software
Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — CNC Software Mastercam
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Word processing software — Microsoft Word

See all 40 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
82   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
69   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
65   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
62   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
55   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
47   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
45   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
42   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
40   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
40   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
26   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
25   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
22   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
20   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
16   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
16   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
14   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
13   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
13   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
11   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
  Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
  Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
 Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
63   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
60   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
56   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
56   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
56   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
53   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
50   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
50   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
47   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
44   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
44   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
44   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
41   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
41   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
38   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
38   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
38   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
38   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
31   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
28   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
25   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
25   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
25   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
25   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
25   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
22   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
19   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
19   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
19   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
10   Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
10   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
63   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
63   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
63   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
63   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
60   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
60   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
60   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
56   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
56   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
53   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
53   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
53   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
53   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
50   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
50   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
50   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
50   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
50   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
50   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
50   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
50   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
50   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
50   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
47   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
44   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
44   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
44   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
41   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
41   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
41   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
38   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
38   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
38   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
38   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
35   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
35   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
35   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
35   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
35   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
28   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
25   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
10   Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
10   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
10   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
  Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
 Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
 Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
67   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate cutting equipment.
  • Operate grinding equipment.
  • Operate metal or plastic forming equipment.
67   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
63   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products.
61   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Confer with others to resolve production problems or equipment malfunctions.
58   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
58   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Design tools, fixtures, or other devices for production equipment.
55   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
50   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
  • Assemble machine tools, parts, or fixtures.
  • Assemble metal or plastic parts or products.
  • Build production molds.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
  • Shape metal workpieces with hammers or other small hand tools.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
  • Solder parts or workpieces.
50   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
48   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Repair parts or assemblies.
47   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
47   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
46   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
45   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
45   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
43   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
42   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
41   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
36   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
36   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
36   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
35   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
35   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record operational or production data.
34   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
33   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
33   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
32   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
31   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
31   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
30   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
29   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
29   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
28   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
28   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
22   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
22   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
21   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
21   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
21   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
  Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


94     Every day
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


85     Every day
13     Never
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


67     Continually or almost continually
26     About half the time
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


49     Extremely important
38     Very important
13     Important
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


28     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Never
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


60     A lot of freedom
13     Some freedom
14     Limited freedom
13     Very little freedom
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


33     Continually or almost continually
45     More than half the time
18     About half the time
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


35     A lot of freedom
33     Some freedom
28     Limited freedom
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


43     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


47     Every day
25     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
13     Never
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


37     More than 40 hours
63     40 hours
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


26     Extremely important
38     Very important
26     Fairly important
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


32     Constant contact with others
32     Contact with others most of the time
35     Occasional contact with others
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


34     Very high responsibility
21     High responsibility
21     Moderate responsibility
20     Limited responsibility
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


23     Every day
35     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Never
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


30     Every day
28     Once a week or more but not every day
14     Once a year or more but not every month
26     Never
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


14     Every day
36     Once a week or more but not every day
15     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Once a year or more but not every month
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


26     Moderately close (at arm's length)
58     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
14     I work with others but not closely (e.g., private office)
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


38     Important results
14     Moderate results
31     Minor results
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


52     Every day
47     Never
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


48     Every day
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


21     Highly competitive
55     Moderately competitive
16     Not at all competitive
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


26     Every day
18     Once a week or more but not every day
16     Once a month or more but not every week
33     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


26     Very important
33     Important
18     Fairly important
14     Not important at all
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


34     Very important
29     Important
27     Not important at all
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


21     Extremely serious
20     Very serious
12     Serious
15     Fairly serious
31     Not serious at all
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


28     More than half the time
27     About half the time
26     Less than half the time
15     Never
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


17     More than half the time
38     About half the time
41     Less than half the time
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


15     Very important
39     Important
14     Fairly important
25     Not important at all
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


25     High responsibility
18     Moderate responsibility
17     Limited responsibility
33     No responsibility
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


23     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
56     Never
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


33     Once a week or more but not every day
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


17     More than half the time
14     About half the time
63     Less than half the time
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


17     Every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
40     Once a year or more but not every month
29     Never
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


35     Moderately automated
42     Slightly automated
17     Not at all automated
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


18     Very important
32     Fairly important
38     Not important at all
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


19     Once a month or more but not every week
29     Never
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


30     Once a month or more but not every week
56     Never
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


65     Less than half the time
26     Never
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


19     Once a month or more but not every week
59     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


23     Once a month or more but not every week
60     Never
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


11     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


80     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


23     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
77     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


19     Once a year or more but not every month
72     Never
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


13     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
73     Never
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


34     Once a year or more but not every month
66     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


33     Less than half the time
66     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


22     Once a year or more but not every month
76     Never
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


14     Once a year or more but not every month
81     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


21     Once a year or more but not every month
79     Never
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


18     Less than half the time
82     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


90     Never
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


96     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


92     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


99     Never
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


95     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
48   High school diploma or equivalent Help
39   Post-secondary certificate Help
  Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Apprenticeships

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
39   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
39   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
17   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11   Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
 Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
81   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
78   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
68   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
68   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
66   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
65   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
64   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
63   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
63   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
60   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
59   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
55   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
53   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
52   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
52   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
34   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
61   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
42   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
39   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
33   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
28   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
28   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

51-2041.00 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters Green Occupation
51-4032.00 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic   Green Occupation Green
51-4034.00 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-4035.00 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
51-4041.00 Machinists   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook   Green Occupation
51-4062.00 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic
51-4111.00 Tool and Die Makers
51-7011.00 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters
51-7032.00 Patternmakers, Wood
51-7042.00 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $22.15 hourly, $46,080 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 6,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 1,300
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Manufacturing (77% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs Job Banks

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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