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Details Report for:
51-8093.00 - Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers

Operate or control petroleum refining or processing units. May specialize in controlling manifold and pumping systems, gauging or testing oil in storage tanks, or regulating the flow of oil into pipelines.

Sample of reported job titles: Pumper, Refinery Operator, Board Operator, Gauger, Stillman, Unit Operator, Crude Unit Operator, Head Operator, Hydrotreater Operator, Outside Operator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
92   Core Monitor process indicators, instruments, gauges, and meters to detect and report any possible problems.
90   Core Start pumps and open valves or use automated equipment to regulate the flow of oil in pipelines and into and out of tanks.
88   Core Control or operate manifold and pumping systems to circulate liquids through a petroleum refinery.
88   Core Operate control panels to coordinate and regulate process variables such as temperature and pressure, and to direct product flow rate, according to process schedules.
87   Core Signal other workers by telephone or radio to operate pumps, open and close valves, and check temperatures.
87   Core Verify that incoming and outgoing products are moving through the correct meters, and that meters are working properly.
86   Core Read automatic gauges at specified intervals to determine the flow rate of oil into or from tanks, and the amount of oil in tanks.
86   Core Operate auxiliary equipment and control multiple processing units during distilling or treating operations, moving controls that regulate valves, pumps, compressors, and auxiliary equipment.
85   Core Plan movement of products through lines to processing, storage, and shipping units, using knowledge of system interconnections and capacities.
83   Core Read and analyze specifications, schedules, logs, test results, and laboratory recommendations to determine how to set equipment controls to produce the required qualities and quantities of products.
82   Core Record and compile operating data, instrument readings, documentation, and results of laboratory analyses.
82   Core Synchronize activities with other pumphouses to ensure a continuous flow of products and a minimum of contamination between products.
81   Core Patrol units to monitor the amount of oil in storage tanks, and to verify that activities and operations are safe, efficient, and in compliance with regulations.
78   Core Maintain and repair equipment, or report malfunctioning equipment to supervisors so that repairs can be scheduled.
77   Core Collect product samples by turning bleeder valves, or by lowering containers into tanks to obtain oil samples.
72   Core Inspect pipelines, tightening connections and lubricating valves as necessary.
64   Core Conduct general housekeeping of units, including wiping up oil spills and performing general cleaning duties.
82   Supplemental Coordinate shutdowns and major projects.
82   Supplemental Perform tests to check the qualities and grades of products, such as assessing levels of bottom sediment, water, and foreign materials in oil samples, using centrifugal testers.
81   Supplemental Prepare calculations for receipts and deliveries of oil and oil products.
74   Supplemental Lower thermometers into tanks to obtain temperature readings.
71   Supplemental Clean interiors of processing units by circulating chemicals and solvents within units.
67   Supplemental Clamp seals around valves to secure tanks.
67   Supplemental Calculate test result values, using standard formulas.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Calipers — Vernier calipers
Centrifuges — Electric centrifuges; Hand centrifuges
Cold chisels — Flat cold chisels
Hammers — Multipurpose hammers
Load binders — Chain boomers
Notebook computers — Laptop computers
Oil samplers — Petroleum sampling equipment
Pressure gauge — Pressure testers
Pry bars — Moving bars
Sampling pumps — Oil sampling pumps
Screwdrivers — Multipurpose screwdrivers
Slip or groove joint pliers — Groove joint pliers
Tape measures — Measuring tapes
Wellhead beam pumps — Oil field pumps
Wellhead flow lines — Lease automatic custody transfer LACT units
Wire cutters — Wire cutting tools

Technology used in this occupation:

Electronic mail software — Email software
Industrial control software — Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software
Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel

See all 42 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
67   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
60   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
59   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
52   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
41   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
41   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
40   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
38   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
35   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
35   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
30   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
29   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
26   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
26   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
25   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
25   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
24   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
22   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
20   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
17   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
17   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
17   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
15   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
13   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
10   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
  History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
  Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
  Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
 Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
78   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
69   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
63   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
60   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
60   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
60   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
60   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
53   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
50   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
50   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
50   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
50   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
47   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
47   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
47   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
47   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
44   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
44   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
44   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
44   Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
38   Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
35   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
35   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
35   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
35   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
28   Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
25   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
22   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
22   Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
19   Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
72   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
72   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
66   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
66   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
66   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
63   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
63   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
60   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
60   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
60   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
60   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
60   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
60   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
60   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
56   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
56   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
56   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
56   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
53   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
53   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
53   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
53   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
53   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
53   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
50   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
50   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
50   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
50   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
50   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
47   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
47   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
47   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
44   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
44   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
41   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
41   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
41   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
41   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
41   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
38   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
38   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
38   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
35   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
31   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
28   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
28   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
28   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
22   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
  Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
90   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
90   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Monitor equipment fluid levels.
  • Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning.
  • Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions.
85   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Operate energy distribution equipment.
  • Operate pumping systems or equipment.
83   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
81   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Analyze test results.
  • Inspect production equipment.
  • Test chemical or physical characteristics of materials or products.
79   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements.
74   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
72   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Notify others of equipment repair or maintenance needs.
  • Signal others to coordinate work activities.
72   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
72   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
71   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
70   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record operational or production data.
68   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
67   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
65   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
60   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
59   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
59   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
56   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
52   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
51   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
51   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan production or operational procedures or sequences.
51   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
50   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
49   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
49   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
48   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Lubricate production equipment.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment.
  • Repair production equipment or tools.
48   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
46   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Clean production equipment.
  • Clean work areas.
45   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Direct operational or production activities.
44   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
44   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of water, cleaning solutions, or other liquids.
  • Collect samples of materials or products for testing.
41   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
41   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
40   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
31   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
27   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
26   Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
23   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
19   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
19   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Work Context
Percentage of Top Responses
Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?


100     Every day
Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?


93     Every day
Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?


89     Every day
Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?


85     Every day
Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?


75     Every day
19     Once a week or more but not every day
Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?


83     Every day
11     Once a year or more but not every month
Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?


71     Constant contact with others
20     Contact with others most of the time
Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?


67     Very important results
26     Important results
Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?


67     Every day
23     Once a week or more but not every day
Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?


63     Every day
24     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?


74     Every day
Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?


51     Very high responsibility
30     High responsibility
19     Moderate responsibility
Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?


60     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
11     Once a month or more but not every week
Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?


36     A lot of freedom
56     Some freedom
Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?


76     Extremely serious
15     Not serious at all
Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?


61     Every day
14     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a month or more but not every week
Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?


37     A lot of freedom
55     Some freedom
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.


58     More than 40 hours
42     40 hours
Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?


50     Extremely important
26     Very important
15     Important
Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?


49     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
24     Once a month or more but not every week
Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?


54     Extremely important
14     Very important
26     Important
Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?


55     Every day
21     Once a week or more but not every day
Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?


67     Every day
13     Never
Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?


36     Extremely important
38     Very important
22     Important
Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?


38     Extremely important
32     Very important
19     Important
Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?


50     Every day
30     Once a month or more but not every week
14     Once a year or more but not every month
Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?


54     Every day
31     Once a month or more but not every week
Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?


54     Every day
15     Once a week or more but not every day
13     Once a year or more but not every month
12     Never
Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?


13     Very close (near touching)
50     Moderately close (at arm's length)
37     Slightly close (e.g., shared office)
Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?


30     Very high responsibility
29     High responsibility
23     Moderate responsibility
12     Limited responsibility
Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?


24     Continually or almost continually
32     More than half the time
17     About half the time
27     Less than half the time
Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?


48     Highly automated
44     Moderately automated
Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?


42     Every day
13     Once a week or more but not every day
20     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?


34     Every day
20     Once a week or more but not every day
17     Once a year or more but not every month
21     Never
Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?


16     Every day
37     Once a week or more but not every day
30     Once a year or more but not every month
Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?


43     Every day
22     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Never
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?


53     More than half the time
34     Less than half the time
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?


25     More than half the time
20     About half the time
45     Less than half the time
Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)


29     Extremely important
13     Very important
15     Important
34     Not important at all
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?


13     Continually or almost continually
14     More than half the time
15     About half the time
58     Less than half the time
Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?


28     Once a week or more but not every day
26     Once a month or more but not every week
23     Once a year or more but not every month
19     Never
Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?


55     About half the time
40     Less than half the time
In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?


23     Every day
12     Once a month or more but not every week
17     Once a year or more but not every month
39     Never
Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?


16     Once a week or more but not every day
29     Once a month or more but not every week
32     Once a year or more but not every month
20     Never
Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?


11     Extremely important
24     Very important
24     Fairly important
38     Not important at all
Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?


29     About half the time
63     Less than half the time
Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?


29     Highly competitive
14     Moderately competitive
29     Slightly competitive
28     Not at all competitive
Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?


65     Less than half the time
15     Never
Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?


77     Less than half the time
14     Never
Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?


12     Every day
19     Once a month or more but not every week
60     Never
Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?


65     Less than half the time
30     Never
Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?


25     Once a month or more but not every week
30     Once a year or more but not every month
44     Never
In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?


16     Once a month or more but not every week
12     Once a year or more but not every month
64     Never
Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?


28     Once a year or more but not every month
71     Never
Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?


84     Never
Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?


11     Irregular (changes with weather conditions, production demands, or contract duration)
89     Regular (established routine, set schedule)
Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?


92     Never

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
72   High school diploma or equivalent Help
18   Associate's degree
  Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
100   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
11   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
  Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
91   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
88   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
80   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
76   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
74   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
73   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
73   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
70   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
68   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
67   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
66   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
60   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
59   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
56   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
52   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
46   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
78   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
56   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
56   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
45   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
39   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
33   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

17-3029.01 Non-Destructive Testing Specialists   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
51-8013.00 Power Plant Operators Green Occupation
51-8091.00 Chemical Plant and System Operators Green Occupation
51-8092.00 Gas Plant Operators
51-9011.00 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders   Green Occupation Green
51-9012.00 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Green Occupation
51-9193.00 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders
53-7071.00 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators
53-7072.00 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers
53-7121.00 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2013) $29.77 hourly, $61,930 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 42,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Decline (-3% or lower) Decline (-3% or lower)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 15,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)
Manufacturing (53% employed in this sector)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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