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Details Report for:
53-2012.00 - Commercial Pilots

Pilot and navigate the flight of fixed-winged aircraft on nonscheduled air carrier routes, or helicopters. Requires Commercial Pilot certificate. Includes charter pilots with similar certification, and air ambulance and air tour pilots.

Sample of reported job titles: Pilot, Captain, First Officer, Line Pilot, Charter Pilot, Check Airman, Flight Operations Director, Helicopter Pilot, Commercial Helicopter Pilot, EMS Helicopter Pilot (Emergency Medical Service Helicopter Pilot)

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Category Task
97   Core Check aircraft prior to flights to ensure that the engines, controls, instruments, and other systems are functioning properly.
92   Core Contact control towers for takeoff clearances, arrival instructions, and other information, using radio equipment.
92   Core Start engines, operate controls, and pilot airplanes to transport passengers, mail, or freight according to flight plans, regulations, and procedures.
91   Core Monitor engine operation, fuel consumption, and functioning of aircraft systems during flights.
88   Core Consider airport altitudes, outside temperatures, plane weights, and wind speeds and directions to calculate the speed needed to become airborne.
88   Core Order changes in fuel supplies, loads, routes, or schedules to ensure safety of flights.
87   Core Obtain and review data such as load weights, fuel supplies, weather conditions, and flight schedules to determine flight plans and identify needed changes.
85   Core Plan flights according to government and company regulations, using aeronautical charts and navigation instruments.
85   Core Use instrumentation to pilot aircraft when visibility is poor.
83   Core Check baggage or cargo to ensure that it has been loaded correctly.
80   Core Request changes in altitudes or routes as circumstances dictate.
79   Core Choose routes, altitudes, and speeds that will provide the fastest, safest, and smoothest flights.
78   Core Coordinate flight activities with ground crews and air traffic control, and inform crew members of flight and test procedures.
71   Core Write specified information in flight records, such as flight times, altitudes flown, and fuel consumption.
66   Core Teach company regulations and procedures to other pilots.
65   Core Instruct other pilots and student pilots in aircraft operations.
79   Supplemental Co-pilot aircraft, or perform captain's duties if required.
79   Supplemental File instrument flight plans with air traffic control so that flights can be coordinated with other air traffic.
79   Supplemental Conduct in-flight tests and evaluations at specified altitudes and in all types of weather to determine the receptivity and other characteristics of equipment and systems.
77   Supplemental Rescue and evacuate injured persons.
75   Supplemental Supervise other crew members.
74   Supplemental Perform minor aircraft maintenance and repair work, or arrange for major maintenance.
68   Supplemental Fly with other pilots or pilot-license applicants to evaluate their proficiency.
67   Supplemental Plan and formulate flight activities and test schedules and prepare flight evaluation reports.
64   Supplemental Pilot airplanes or helicopters over farmlands at low altitudes to dust or spray fields with fertilizers, fungicides, or pesticides.
58   Supplemental Check the flight performance of new and experimental planes.

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Tools & Technology   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Tools used in this occupation:

Aircraft braking systems — Autobrakes; Pneumatic emergency brake systems; Power brake systems
Aircraft communication systems — Digital communications display units DCDU; High frequency HF radio communication systems; On-board intercom systems; Ultra high frequency UHF radio communication systems (see all 5 examples)
Aircraft environment controllers — Air pressurization systems; Emergency pressurization systems; Recirculation control systems
Aircraft escape or ejection systems — Emergency exit slides; Emergency life rafts
Aircraft fire control or extinguishing systems — Engine fire extinguishing systems; Fire suppression and control systems
Aircraft guidance systems — Automatic direction finder ADF radio systems; Distance measuring equipment DME; Local area augmentation system LAAS receivers; Microwave landing system MLS receivers (see all 14 examples)
Aircraft hydraulic systems — Electro-hydraulic control systems
Aircraft onboard defrosting or defogging systems — Engine anti-icing equipment; Windscreen ice control systems; Wing anti-ice systems
Aircraft oxygen equipment — Continuous flow emergency oxygen systems; Passenger oxygen control systems
Aircraft steering controls — Automatic landing systems; Mechanical nose wheel steering systems; Yaw damper systems
Aircraft warning systems — Airborne collision avoidance systems ACAS; Engine indicating and crew alerting systems EICAS; Ground proximity warning systems GPWS; Traffic alert and collision avoidance system TCAS (see all 6 examples)
Flight computer systems — Air data computers; Autopilot systems; Flight director FD systems; Stability augmentation systems SAS
Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers; Vise grip pliers
Multimeters — Digital multimeters

Technology used in this occupation:

Analytical or scientific software — Pilot Navigator Software Load Balance
Calendar and scheduling software — SBS International Maestro Suite
Data base user interface and query software — Airline Pilots Daily Aviation Logs PPC; AirSmith FlightPrompt; AV8 software; Skylog Services Skylog Pro (see all 11 examples)
Flight control software — Flight simulation software
Information retrieval or search software — AeroPlanner; Notam Development Group Airport Insight
Route navigation software — Navzilla

See all 40 T2 categories

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Knowledge   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Knowledge
85   Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
84   Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
82   Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
78   Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
77   English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
73   Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
73   Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
69   Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
68   Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
60   Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
60   Telecommunications — Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.
50   Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
49   Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
44   Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
44   Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
41   Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
36   Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
34   Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
31   Foreign Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
30   Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
30   Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
28   Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
25   Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
25   History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
23   Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
22   Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
21   Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
20   Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
18   Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
17   Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
  Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

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Skills   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Skill
88   Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
78   Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
75   Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
72   Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
69   Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
66   Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
66   Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
63   Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
63   Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
63   Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
60   Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
53   Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
50   Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
50   Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
50   Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
50   Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
50   Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
44   Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
44   Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
44   Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
44   Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
41   Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
38   Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
38   Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
35   Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
28   Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
28   Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
13   Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
13   Management of Material Resources — Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work.
  Management of Financial Resources — Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures.
  Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.
  Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
 Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
 Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
 Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

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Abilities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Ability
81   Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
81   Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
78   Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
78   Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
75   Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
75   Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
75   Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
72   Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
72   Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
69   Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
69   Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
69   Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
66   Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
66   Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
66   Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
66   Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
63   Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
63   Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
63   Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
63   Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
63   Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
60   Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
56   Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
56   Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
56   Spatial Orientation — The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or to know where other objects are in relation to you.
53   Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
53   Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
53   Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
50   Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
50   Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
50   Glare Sensitivity — The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
50   Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
47   Night Vision — The ability to see under low light conditions.
47   Peripheral Vision — The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are looking ahead.
44   Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
41   Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
41   Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
41   Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
38   Speed of Limb Movement — The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
35   Sound Localization — The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated.
31   Wrist-Finger Speed — The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.
28   Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
28   Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
28   Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
25   Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
25   Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
22   Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
22   Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
22   Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
19   Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
  Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
 Dynamic Flexibility — The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

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Work Activities   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Activity
94   Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
  • Pilot aircraft.
87   Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Review work orders or schedules to determine operations or procedures.
80   Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Inspect cargo to ensure it is properly loaded or secured.
  • Monitor engine operation or functioning.
79   Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
79   Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Inspect aircraft or aircraft components.
  • Test performance of aircraft equipment.
79   Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Choose optimal transportation routes or speeds.
78   Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
78   Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
77   Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
70   Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
68   Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicate with others to coordinate vehicle movement.
66   Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Record operational details of travel.
63   Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
60   Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
58   Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
56   Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
56   Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Evaluate performance of applicants, trainees, or employees.
53   Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
53   Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
52   Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Plan flight operations.
51   Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
49   Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Train transportation or material moving personnel.
48   Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
46   Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
44   Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
44   Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Coordinate flight control or management activities.
  • Direct passenger or freight transport activities.
44   Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
44   Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
39   Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
39   Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Resolve issues affecting transportation operations.
37   Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
37   Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
35   Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Maintain vehicles in good working condition.
33   Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Assist others during emergencies.
33   Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.
27   Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Arrange maintenance activities.
26   Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
25   Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
24   Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
22   Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
  Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

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Work Context   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Context
Work Context
98   Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
95   Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
94   Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
93   In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
92   Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
90   Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company?
87   Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
87   Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
80   Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
79   Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
78   Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
78   Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
78   Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
77   Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
74   Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?
73   Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
71   Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
70   Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
64   Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
64   Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
62   Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
62   Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
61   Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
59   Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
58   Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
55   Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
55   Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — How much does this job require wearing specialized protective or safety equipment such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suits, or radiation protection?
54   Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — How often does this job require working in cramped work spaces that requires getting into awkward positions?
54   Work Schedules — How regular are the work schedules for this job?
49   Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
48   Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions?
48   Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
47   Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
46   Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment?
45   Exposed to High Places — How often does this job require exposure to high places?
42   Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — How often does this job require working in extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
41   Letters and Memos — How often does the job require written letters and memos?
40   In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
40   Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
38   Frequency of Conflict Situations — How often are there conflict situations the employee has to face in this job?
36   Outdoors, Under Cover — How often does this job require working outdoors, under cover (e.g., structure with roof but no walls)?
35   Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
35   Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
35   Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
29   Exposed to Whole Body Vibration — How often does this job require exposure to whole body vibration (e.g., operate a jackhammer)?
28   Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
25   Degree of Automation — How automated is the job?
20   Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
20   Public Speaking — How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
17   Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
16   Exposed to Disease or Infections — How often does this job require exposure to disease/infections?
16   Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings?
16   Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — How much does this job require kneeling, crouching, stooping or crawling?
15   Exposed to Radiation — How often does this job require exposure to radiation?
12   Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — How much does this job require keeping or regaining your balance?
  Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — How much does this job require climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles?
  Deal With Physically Aggressive People — How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

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Job Zone   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

There is 1 recognized apprenticeable specialty associated with this occupation:
Air Transport Pilot

To learn about specific apprenticeship opportunities, please consult the U.S. Department of Labor State Apprenticeship Information external site website.

For general information about apprenticeships, training, and partnerships with business, visit the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship external site website.

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
24   Post-secondary certificate Help
22   Some college, no degree

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Interests   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Occupational Interest
Interest
95   Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
56   Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
56   Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
45   Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
22   Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
 Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

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Work Styles   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Importance
Work Style
100   Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
95   Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
92   Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
91   Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
89   Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
88   Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
85   Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
84   Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
83   Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
83   Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
82   Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
78   Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
76   Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
69   Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
63   Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
62   Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values   Save Table (XLS/CSV)


Extent
Work Value
95   Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
89   Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
83   Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
78   Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
61   Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
61   Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

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Related Occupations   Save Table (XLS/CSV)

19-4093.00 Forest and Conservation Technicians   Green Occupation Green
33-1021.02 Forest Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors
33-2011.01 Municipal Firefighters   Bright Outlook Bright Outlook  
37-3012.00 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation
45-2011.00 Agricultural Inspectors Green Occupation
45-4011.00 Forest and Conservation Workers Green Occupation
53-2011.00 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers
53-2022.00 Airfield Operations Specialists
53-5021.02 Mates- Ship, Boat, and Barge
53-5021.03 Pilots, Ship

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Wages & Employment Trends

National

Median wages (2012) $73,280 annual
Employment (2012) 38,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 14,400
Top industries (2012)
Transportation and Warehousing (50% employed in this sector)

State & National

          CareerOneStop

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

Find Jobs
for Commercial Pilots

          mySkills myFuture

State & National Job Banks

          CareerOneStop

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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