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Summary Report for:
15-1199.06 - Database Architects

Design strategies for enterprise database systems and set standards for operations, programming, and security. Design and construct large relational databases. Integrate new systems with existing warehouse structure and refine system performance and functionality.

Sample of reported job titles: Data Administrator, Data Architect, Data Officer, Database Architect, Database Consultant, Information Architect, Information Modeling Engineer Specialist, Information Technology Architect (IT Architect), System Engineer, Technical Operations Vice President

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Design databases to support business applications, ensuring system scalability, security, performance and reliability. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop database architectural strategies at the modeling, design and implementation stages to address business or industry requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Collaborate with system architects, software architects, design analysts, and others to understand business or industry requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop data models for applications, metadata tables, views or related database structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up database clusters, backup, or recovery processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create and enforce database development standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop and document database architectures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design database applications, such as interfaces, data transfer mechanisms, global temporary tables, data partitions, and function-based indexes to enable efficient access of the generic database structure. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor and report systems resource consumption trends to assure production systems meet availability requirements and hardware enhancements are scheduled appropriately. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Document and communicate database schemas, using accepted notations. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify, evaluate and recommend hardware or software technologies to achieve desired database performance. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Demonstrate database technical functionality, such as performance, security and reliability. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop or maintain archived procedures, procedural codes, or queries for applications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Test changes to database applications or systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Develop load-balancing processes to eliminate down time for backup processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide technical support to junior staff or clients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify and correct deviations from database development standards. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan and install upgrades of database management system software to enhance database performance. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photocopiers — Copy machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Server load balancer — Load balancers See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — Infobright Community Edition ICE See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Application server software — Oracle Application Server See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Backup or archival software — Data Recovery Software SQL Server Data Recovery; Oracle Data Guard; Oracle Recovery Manager See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Clustering software — Oracle Real Application Cluster RAC See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base management system software — Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software; Oracle Migration Workbench *; SAP Sybase Replication Server (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — IBM DB2; Structured query language SQL; Transact-SQL See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data mining software — IBM Cognos 8 Business Intelligence; IBM InfoSphere Warehouse; Rapid-I RapidMiner * See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Development environment software — Microsoft .NET Framework; Microsoft Visual Basic; Oracle Jdeveloper *; Quest SQL Optimizer for Oracle (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Document management software — IBM Content Manager See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML; IBM InfoSphere DataStage; Oracle Data Integrator; SAS Data Integration Studio (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Metadata management software — Altova MapForce; Data modeling software; IBM Rational System Architect; Interface Computers Data Loader (see all 15 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Network conferencing software — Microsoft SharePoint See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Object or component oriented development software — Oracle Java *; Python See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Operating system software — C shell; Linux; Microsoft Windows; Perl shell (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Requirements analysis and system architecture software — Unified modeling language UML See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Storage media loading software — Intel Data Migration Software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Web platform development software — Microsoft Active Server Pages ASP; Oracle Designer; PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor * See more occupations related to this technology.

* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.

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Knowledge

  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Develop procedures for data management. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop performance metrics or standards related to information technology. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate utility of software or hardware technologies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test computer system operations to ensure proper functioning. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create databases to store electronic data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor computer system performance to ensure proper operation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create electronic data backup to prevent loss of information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide technical support for software maintenance or use. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate project information to others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolve computer software problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install computer software. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design computer modeling or simulation programs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop models of information or communications systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assess database performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document design or development procedures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Develop database parameters or specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Document technical specifications or requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide recommendations to others about computer hardware. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 96% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 91% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 70% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 50% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 48% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 42% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 46% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 57% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 54% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 39% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 38% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 43% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 43% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Related Experience A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Job Zone Examples Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
SVP Range (7.0 to < 8.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
58   Bachelor's degree
29   Master's degree
4   Associate's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ICE

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Employment data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Industry data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.

Median wages (2014) $40.10 hourly, $83,410 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 206,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Slower than average (3% to 7%) Slower than average (3% to 7%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 40,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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