Summary Report for:
15-1199.06 - Database Architects
Design strategies for enterprise database systems and set standards for operations, programming, and security. Design and construct large relational databases. Integrate new systems with existing warehouse structure and refine system performance and functionality.
Sample of reported job titles: Data Administrator, Data Architect, Data Officer, Database Architect, Database Consultant, Information Architect, Information Modeling Engineer Specialist, Information Technology Architect (IT Architect), System Engineer, Technical Operations Vice President
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Design databases to support business applications, ensuring system scalability, security, performance and reliability.
- Develop database architectural strategies at the modeling, design and implementation stages to address business or industry requirements.
- Collaborate with system architects, software architects, design analysts, and others to understand business or industry requirements.
- Develop data models for applications, metadata tables, views or related database structures.
- Set up database clusters, backup, or recovery processes.
- Create and enforce database development standards.
- Develop and document database architectures.
- Design database applications, such as interfaces, data transfer mechanisms, global temporary tables, data partitions, and function-based indexes to enable efficient access of the generic database structure.
- Monitor and report systems resource consumption trends to assure production systems meet availability requirements and hardware enhancements are scheduled appropriately.
- Document and communicate database schemas, using accepted notations.
- Identify, evaluate and recommend hardware or software technologies to achieve desired database performance.
- Demonstrate database technical functionality, such as performance, security and reliability.
- Develop or maintain archived procedures, procedural codes, or queries for applications.
- Test changes to database applications or systems.
- Develop load-balancing processes to eliminate down time for backup processes.
- Provide technical support to junior staff or clients.
- Identify and correct deviations from database development standards.
- Plan and install upgrades of database management system software to enhance database performance.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
- Personal computers
- Photocopiers — Copy machines
- Server load balancer — Load balancers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Access software — Citrix software
- Analytical or scientific software — Infobright Community Edition ICE; SAS software ; SPSS software
- Application server software — Oracle Application Server; Oracle WebLogic Server
- Backup or archival software — Data Recovery Software SQL Server Data Recovery; Oracle Data Guard; Oracle Recovery Manager; Veritas NetBackup
- Business intelligence and data analysis software — MicroStrategy software ; Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition ; Qlik Tech QlikView ; Tableau software (see all 5 examples)
- Clustering software — Oracle Real Application Cluster RAC
- Configuration management software — Perforce Helix software ; Puppet
- Data base management system software — Apache Solr ; Apache Sqoop; MySQL software ; Talend Big Data Integration (see all 23 examples)
- Data base reporting software — Microsoft SQL Server Reporting Services ; SAP Crystal Reports
- Data base user interface and query software — Apache Hive; Cloudera Impala; Microsoft Access ; Structured query language SQL (see all 7 examples)
- Data mining software — IBM InfoSphere Warehouse; Rapid-I RapidMiner
- Development environment software — Integrated development environment IDE software ; Microsoft .NET Framework ; Microsoft Visual Basic ; Quest SQL Optimizer for Oracle (see all 10 examples)
- Document management software — IBM Content Manager
- Enterprise application integration software — Extensible markup language XML ; IBM WebSphere ; Oracle Data Integrator; SAS Data Integration Studio (see all 8 examples)
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — Oracle Hyperion software ; Oracle JD Edwards EnterpriseOne ; SAP Business Objects software ; SAP software
- Enterprise system management software — Splunk Enterprise
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Microsoft Visio
- Information retrieval or search software — Apache Avro
- Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software
- Medical software — Epic Systems software
- Metadata management software — CA Erwin Data Modeler ; IBM Rational System Architect; Interface Computers Data Loader; Talend Data Fabric (see all 17 examples)
- Network monitoring software — Nagios
- Object or component oriented development software — C++ ; Microsoft ActiveX ; Python ; Spark (see all 8 examples)
- Object oriented data base management software — PostgreSQL software
- Operating system software — C shell; Hewlett Packard HP-UX ; KornShell ; Linux (see all 14 examples)
- Portal server software — Apache HTTP Server
- Project management software — Microsoft SharePoint software
- Requirements analysis and system architecture software — Unified modeling language UML
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Storage media loading software — Intel Data Migration Software
- Transaction security and virus protection software — Symantec security software
- Transaction server software — Customer information control system CICS
- Web platform development software — Enterprise JavaBeans ; Microsoft Active Server Pages ASP; PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor ; Spring Framework (see all 5 examples)
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
Detailed Work Activities
- Develop procedures for data management.
- Develop performance metrics or standards related to information technology.
- Evaluate utility of software or hardware technologies.
- Test computer system operations to ensure proper functioning.
- Create databases to store electronic data.
- Monitor computer system performance to ensure proper operation.
- Create electronic data backup to prevent loss of information.
- Provide technical support for software maintenance or use.
- Communicate project information to others.
- Resolve computer software problems.
- Install computer software.
- Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details.
- Design computer modeling or simulation programs.
- Develop models of information or communications systems.
- Assess database performance.
- Document design or development procedures.
- Develop database parameters or specifications.
- Document technical specifications or requirements.
- Provide recommendations to others about computer hardware.
- Electronic Mail — 96% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 83% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 71% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 50% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 48% responded “Very important.”
- Contact With Others — 42% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 46% responded “Some freedom.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 57% responded “Very important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 54% responded “Important results.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 39% responded “Extremely important.”
- Time Pressure — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 38% responded “More than half the time.”
- Level of Competition — 43% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 43% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Letters and Memos — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: ICE
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Employment data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
Industry data collected from Computer Occupations, All Other.
|Median wages (2015)||$40.98 hourly, $85,240 annual|
|Employment (2014)||233,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Slower than average (2% to 4%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||37,700|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.