Summary Report for:
17-2081.01 - Water/Wastewater Engineers
Design or oversee projects involving provision of potable water, disposal of wastewater and sewage, or prevention of flood-related damage. Prepare environmental documentation for water resources, regulatory program compliance, data management and analysis, and field work. Perform hydraulic modeling and pipeline design.
The occupation code you requested, 17-2051.02 (Water/Wastewater Engineers), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 17-2081.01 (Water/Wastewater Engineers) instead.
Sample of reported job titles: Acting Section Chief, Assistant County Engineer, Director Water and Waste Services, Engineer and Geologist, Principal Consulting Engineer, Principal Technologist, Program Manager, Project Manager/Design Manager, Surface Water Manager, Water Reuse Program Manager
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Provide technical direction or supervision to junior engineers, engineering or computer-aided design (CAD) technicians, or other technical personnel.
- Conduct feasibility studies for the construction of facilities, such as water supply systems, run-off collection networks, water and wastewater treatment plants, or wastewater collection systems.
- Design pumping systems, pumping stations, pipelines, force mains, or sewers for the collection of wastewater.
- Design domestic or industrial water or wastewater treatment plants, including advanced facilities with sequencing batch reactors (SBR), membranes, lift stations, headworks, surge overflow basins, ultraviolet disinfection systems, aerobic digesters, sludge lagoons, or control buildings.
- Analyze storm water or floodplain drainage systems to control erosion, stabilize river banks, repair channel streams, or design bridges.
- Design water distribution systems for potable or nonpotable water.
- Design or select equipment for use in wastewater processing to ensure compliance with government standards.
- Identify design alternatives for the development of new water resources.
- Design water or wastewater lift stations, including water wells.
- Perform hydraulic analyses of water supply systems or water distribution networks to model flow characteristics, test for pressure losses, or to identify opportunities to mitigate risks and improve operational efficiency.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
|Laser printers — Computer laser printers|
|Notebook computers — Laptop computers|
|Plotter printers — Large-format plotters|
|Scanners — Computer data input scanners; Digitizers|
Technology used in this occupation:
|Analytical or scientific software — HEC-RAS *; KYPipe; NIWA Tideda; Wallingford Software InfoWorks WS|
|Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD software; Bentley SewerCAD; Eagle Point LANDCADD; HydroCAD Software Solutions HydroCAD|
|Map creation software — ESRI ArcGIS software; MapInfo software|
|Office suite software — Microsoft Office software|
|Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel|
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
|Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.|
|Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.|
|Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.|
|Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.|
|Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.|
|Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.|
|Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.|
|Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.|
|Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.|
|Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.|
|Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.|
|Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.|
|Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.|
|Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.|
|Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.|
|Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.|
|Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.|
|Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).|
|Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).|
|Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.|
|Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.|
|Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).|
|Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.|
|Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.|
|Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.|
|Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.|
|Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.|
|Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.|
|Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.|
|Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.|
|Electronic Mail — 97% responded “Every day.”|
|Telephone — 97% responded “Every day.”|
|Face-to-Face Discussions — 66% responded “Every day.”|
|Work With Work Group or Team — 55% responded “Extremely important.”|
|Contact With Others — 48% responded “Constant contact with others.”|
|Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 66% responded “Every day.”|
|Duration of Typical Work Week — 68% responded “More than 40 hours.”|
|Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 50% responded “Extremely important.”|
|Letters and Memos — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”|
|Structured versus Unstructured Work — 68% responded “Some freedom.”|
|Title||Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.|
|Related Experience||A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.|
|Job Zone Examples||Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, database administrators, teachers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.|
|SVP Range||(7.0 to < 8.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: IRE
|Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.|
|Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.|
|Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.|
|Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.|
|Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.|
|Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.|
|Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.|
|Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.|
|Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.|
|Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.|
|Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.|
|Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.|
|Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.|
|Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.|
|Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.|
|Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Environmental Engineers.
Employment data collected from Environmental Engineers.
Industry data collected from Environmental Engineers.
|Median wages (2013)||$39.53 hourly, $82,220 annual|
|Employment (2012)||53,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||21,100|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2013 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Environmental Engineers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.