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Summary Report for:
51-2041.00 - Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

Fabricate, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products.

The occupation code you requested, 51-2041.02 (Fitters, Structural Metal- Precision), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 51-2041.00 (Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Fabricator; Fitter; Fitter, Welder; Layout Man; Mill Beam Fitter; Ship Fitter; Structural Steel Fitter; Tack Welder; Weld Technician; Welder-Fabricator

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Verify conformance of workpieces to specifications, using squares, rulers, and measuring tapes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Align and fit parts according to specifications, using jacks, turnbuckles, wedges, drift pins, pry bars, and hammers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Move parts into position, manually or with hoists or cranes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position, align, fit, and weld parts to form complete units or subunits, following blueprints and layout specifications, and using jigs, welding torches, and hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Study engineering drawings and blueprints to determine materials requirements and task sequences. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up and operate fabricating machines, such as brakes, rolls, shears, flame cutters, grinders, and drill presses, to bend, cut, form, punch, drill, or otherwise form and assemble metal components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out and examine metal stock or workpieces to be processed to ensure that specifications are met. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Tack-weld fitted parts together. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lift or move materials and finished products, using large cranes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove high spots and cut bevels, using hand files, portable grinders, and cutting torches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mark reference points onto floors or face blocks and transpose them to workpieces, using measuring devices, squares, chalk, and soapstone. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set up face blocks, jigs, and fixtures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Position or tighten braces, jacks, clamps, ropes, or bolt straps, or bolt parts in position for welding or riveting. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Locate and mark workpiece bending and cutting lines, allowing for stock thickness, machine and welding shrinkage, and other component specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Erect ladders and scaffolding to fit together large assemblies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design and construct templates and fixtures, using hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Hammer, chip, and grind workpieces to cut, bend, and straighten metal. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Straighten warped or bent parts, using sledges, hand torches, straightening presses, or bulldozers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Smooth workpiece edges and fix taps, tubes, and valves. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Preheat workpieces to make them malleable, using hand torches or furnaces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Heat-treat parts, using acetylene torches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install boilers, containers, and other structures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct welders to build up low spots or short pieces with weld. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Belt sander — Belt sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench vises See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Hand torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Compasses — Dividers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses; Magnetic drill presses; Radial drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Power hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand reamer — Reamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Height gauges — Vernier height gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Power hoists See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic press brake — Computerized numerical control CNC press brakes; Straightening presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Induction heaters — Heating furnaces See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Locking pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Machine end mill — End milling machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manual press brake — Brakes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders; Metal inert gas MIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Milling machines — Computerized numerical control CNC metal-cutting machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint sprayers — Paint spray guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plasma arc welding machine — Flame cutters; Plasma cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Positioning jig — Positioning jigs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power chippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power planes — Edge planers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power riveter — Rivet guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Cutoff saws; Radial arm saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Precision files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Protractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Center punches; Drift pins; Punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Steel rules See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scribers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Beverly shears; Hand shears; Unishears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal forming machine — Roll benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sine bar — Sine bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Tack welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Layout squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surface gauge — Surface gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Taps — Metal cutting taps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Track bulldozers — Tracked bulldozers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Track cranes — Overhead cranes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Turnbuckles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welder torch — Hand torch welders; Welding torches See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Enterprise resource planning ERP software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct operational or production activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design templates or patterns. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate cutting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate welding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate grinding equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lift materials or workpieces using cranes or other lifting equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Lay out parts to prepare for assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble temporary equipment or structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Reshape metal workpieces to established specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Shape metal workpieces with hammers or other small hand tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assemble electromechanical or hydraulic systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Construct patterns, templates, or other work aids. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 72% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 68% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 55% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 53% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 58% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 40% responded “Contact with others most of the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 16% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 46% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 55% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 56% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 50% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 28% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 59% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 43% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 15% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 12% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 49% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 37% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 40% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — 26% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 49% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
47   High school diploma or equivalent Help
29   Post-secondary certificate Help
17   Some college, no degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $17.58 hourly, $36,570 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 80,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Average (8% to 14%) Average (8% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 38,200
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Assemblers and Fabricators external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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