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Summary Report for:
51-9151.00 - Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators

Perform work involved in developing and processing photographic images from film or digital media. May perform precision tasks such as editing photographic negatives and prints.

The occupation code you requested, 51-9131.00 (Photographic Process Workers), is no longer in use. In the future, please use 51-9151.00 (Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators) instead.

Sample of reported job titles: Digital Imaging Technician, Digital Printer Operator, Film Technician, Lab Technician, Photo Lab Manager, Photo Lab Specialist, Photo Lab Technician (Photographic Laboratory Technician), Photo Printer, Photo Specialist, Photo Technician

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings

Tasks

  • Create prints according to customer specifications and laboratory protocols. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine developed prints for defects, such as broken lines, spots, or blurs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill tanks of processing machines with solutions such as developer, dyes, stop-baths, fixers, bleaches, or washes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Immerse film, negatives, paper, or prints in developing solutions, fixing solutions, and water to complete photographic development processes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Insert processed negatives and prints into envelopes for delivery to customers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Load circuit boards, racks or rolls of film, negatives, or printing paper into processing or printing machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Load digital images onto computers directly from cameras or from storage devices, such as flash memory cards or universal serial bus (USB) devices. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain records, such as quantities or types of processing completed, materials used, or customer charges. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and mix chemicals to prepare solutions for processing, according to formulas. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor equipment operation to detect malfunctions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate machines to prepare circuit boards and to expose, develop, etch, fix, wash, dry, or print film or plates. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate scanners or related computer equipment to digitize negatives, photographic prints, or other images. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate special equipment to perform tasks such as transferring film to videotape or producing photographic enlargements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Place sensitized paper in frames of projection printers, photostats, or other reproduction machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Produce color or black-and-white photographs, negatives, or slides, applying standard photographic reproduction techniques and procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Read work orders to determine required processes, techniques, materials, or equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Reprint originals for enlargement or in sections to be pieced together. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Retouch photographic negatives or original prints to correct defects. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review computer-processed digital images for quality. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select digital images for printing, specify number of images to be printed, and direct to printer, using computer software. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set automatic timers, lens openings, and printer carriages to specified focus and exposure times and start exposure to duplicate originals, photographs, or negatives. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Set or adjust machine controls, according to specifications, type of operation, or material requirements. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apply paint, using airbrushes, pens, artists' brushes, cotton swabs, or gloved fingers to retouch or enhance negatives or photographs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean or maintain photoprocessing or darkroom equipment, using ultrasonic equipment or cleaning and rinsing solutions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Color photographs to produce natural, lifelike appearances, using oil colors and airbrushes. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Dry prints or negatives using sponges, squeegees, mechanical air dryers, or drying cabinets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine drawings, negatives, or photographic prints to determine coloring, shading, accenting, or other changes required for retouching or restoration. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine quality of film fades or dissolves for potential color corrections, using color analyzers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Expose filmstrips to progressively timed lights to compare effects of various exposure times. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Ink borders or lettering on illustrations using pens, brushes, or drafting instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mount original photographs, negatives, or other printed material in holders or vacuum frames beneath lights. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Produce timed prints with separate densities or color settings for each scene of a production. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shade negatives or photographs with pencils to smooth facial contours, soften highlights, or conceal blemishes, stray hairs, or wrinkles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Splice broken or separated film and mount film on reels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Thread filmstrips through densitometers or sensitometers and expose film to light to determine density of film, necessary color corrections, or light sensitivity. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Upload digital images onto Web sites for customers. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Air brushes — Photo retouching air brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bar code reader equipment — Barcode scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Camera lens — Contrast filters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cathodes or emitters — Silver recovery systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Clock timers — Darkroom timers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Colorimeters — Color testing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Densitometers — Darkroom densitometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Developing tanks — Photographic developing tanks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Developing tongs — Film processing tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Developing trays — Developing spirals; Film developing trays See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dye sublimination printers — Thermal dye sublimation printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Film driers — Drying cabinets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Film splicers — Cement splicers; Daylight splicers; Tape splicers; Ultrasonic film splicers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flash memory storage card — Secure digital (SD) cards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flowmeters — Water flow meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • General purpose refrigerators or refrigerator freezers — Film refrigerators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Handheld thermometer — Darkroom thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • High capacity removable media drives — MultiMediaCard storage devices; Universal serial bus USB flash drives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hot air blowers — Mechanical air dryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydrometers — Darkroom hydrometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inkjet printer for commercial printing applications — Photo printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory beakers — Darkroom beakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory graduated cylinders — Measuring cylinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory mixers — Hand mixers; Power mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory stirring rods — Chemical stirrers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laminators — Mounting presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers — Laser photo printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light enhancing cameras or vision devices — Infrared goggles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Offset darkroom equipment — Film pickers; Film winders; Leader cards See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Offset film processors — Automatic photo printers; Digital minilabs; Roller transport film processors; Rotary drum processors (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Artists' brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photo cutters or trimmers — Photo scissors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Photographic enlargers — Photographic print enlargers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing guillotines — Paper cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Printing plates — Film plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Reflectometers — Sensitometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scanners — Drum scanners; Flatbed scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squeegees or washers — Photo drying squeegees See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermal transfer printer for commercial printing applications — Solid ink printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermographs — Infrared scanners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ultrasonic cleaning equipment — Ultrasonic cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water pumps — Water recirculation pumps See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Apple Aperture software; HeliconSoft Helicon Focus; Phase One Capture One (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspected printed materials or other images to verify quality. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix substances to create chemical solutions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate photographic developing or print production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load materials into production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Position raw materials on processing or production equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Immerse objects or workpieces in cleaning or coating solutions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain production or processing equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate digital imaging equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply decorative coloring to photographs or printed materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Load digital images onto computers or websites. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — How do the decisions an employee makes impact the results of co-workers, clients or the company? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.) See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing? See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: CR

  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $11.83 hourly, $24,600 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 47,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Little or no change (-2% to 2%) Little or no change (-2% to 2%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 13,900
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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