Details Report for:
47-2152.01 - Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters
Lay out, assemble, install, or maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, or related hydraulic or pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, or industrial production or processing systems.
Sample of reported job titles: Equipment Service Associate (ESA), Fire Sprinkler Service Technician, Journeyman Pipe Fitter, Journeyman Pipefitter, Machine Repairman, Pipe Fitter, Pipe Welder, Pipefitter, Sprinkler Fitter, Steamfitter
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Alternating current AC arc welder — Alternating current AC welding equipment
- Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers
- Bandsaw wheel — Vertical bandsaws
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment; Pulleys
- Blow torch — Air-acetylene torches; Cutting torches; Propane torches
- Bolt cutters
- Box end wrenches
- Circuit tracers — Wire tracers
- Cold chisels
- Conventional truck cranes — Truck cranes
- Cutting die — Metal cutting dies
- Deburring tool — Deburring tools
- Demolition hammers — Pavement stompers; Power hammers
- Depth gauges — Pit depth gauges
- Desktop computers
- Direct current DC arc welder
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Flow sensors — Flow gauges
- Fluid regulators — Water stoppers
- Gas generators — Generators
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment; Plasma cutting guides; Torch cutter guides
- Hacksaw — Hand hacksaws; Power hacksaws
- Hand reamer — Reamers
- Heat guns
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches
- Hoists — Chain falls; Tirfors; Tuggers
- Hole saws — Hole cutting tools
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic cranes
- Impact wrenches — Hydraulic valve turners
- Jacks — Pipeline jacks
- Laser measuring systems — Pipe lasers
- Laser printers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Automatic levels; Laser levels; Pocket levels; Two-hole pins (see all 7 examples)
- Liquid leak detectors — Leak-testing gauges
- Locking pliers
- Manlift or personnel lift — Manlifts
- Metal detectors — Null locators
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Metal markers or holders — Centering head tools; Magnetic circle layout tools; Radius markers
- Micrometers — Quality control QC welders' gauges
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Mud pumps
- Notebook computers
- Open end wrenches — Crescent wrenches
- Personal computers
- Pipe bending mandrel — Pipe bending mandrels
- Pipe bending tools — Manual pipe benders
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters
- Pipe vises — Stands; Welding clamps
- Pipe wrenches
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic grinders — Air operated grinders; Angle air grinders; Pneumatic pipe bevelers
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers
- Power drills
- Power flaring tool — Pipe flaring tools
- Power grinders — Offset grinders; Pedestal grinders; Portable grinders; Stationary grinders
- Power saws — Circular saws; Reciprocating saws
- Pressure indicators — Hydrostatic testers; Pressure gauges
- Pry bars
- Ratchets — Jam-proof ratchet threaders
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety harnesses
- Saws — Metal hand saws
- Screwdrivers — Flat head screwdrivers; Impact screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers
- Shears — Pipe fabrication shears
- Sheet metal grooving machine — Roll groovers
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Skid steer loaders — Skip loaders
- Slings — Material-hoisting slings
- Slip or groove joint pliers — Slip joint pliers
- Soldering iron — Soldering equipment
- Specialty wrenches — Basin wrenches; Chain wrenches; Monkey wrench sets
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines
- Squares — Combination squares; Framing squares
- Strap wrenches — Nylon strap wrenches
- Tachometers — Hand tachometers
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Taps — Metal cutting taps
- Threading dies — Drophead dies; Pipe threaders
- Threading machine — Pipe threading machines
- Trenching machines — Trenchers
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Utility knives
- Voltage or current meters — Amp meters
- Water pumps
- Water samplers
- Welding masks — Welding hoods
- Wheel loaders — Loaders
- Wire brushes — Air wire brushes; Pneumatic wire brushes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Bentley Systems AutoPIPE; COADE CAESAR II; Pipepro Pipefitting; Watter Hammer Software Hytran
- Computer aided design CAD software — AEC Design Group CADPIPE; ViziFlow
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Internet browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Project management software — Piping construction costs estimation software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel ; PipingOffice
- Word processing software
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Cut metal components for installation.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Create construction or installation diagrams.
- Install plumbing or piping.
- Weld metal components.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
- Inspect plumbing systems or fixtures.
- Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs.
- Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures.
- Clean equipment or facilities.
- Select construction materials.
- Drill holes in construction materials.
- Install gauges or controls.
- Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
- Inspect work sites to identify potential environmental or safety hazards.
- Install green plumbing or water handling systems.
- Test green technology installations to verify performance.
- Estimate construction project costs.
- Operate pumps or compressors.
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, nannies, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|Not available||Post-secondary certificate|
|Not available||High school diploma or equivalent|
|Not available||Less than high school diploma|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|47-2152.02||Plumbers Bright Outlook Green|
|47-2211.00||Sheet Metal Workers|
|49-9021.01||Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers|
|49-9051.00||Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers|
|49-9071.00||Maintenance and Repair Workers, General|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Employment data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Industry data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
|Median wages (2015)||$24.34 hourly, $50,620 annual|
|Employment (2014)||425,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Faster than average (9% to 13%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||105,200|
|Top industries (2014)||
Construction (73% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.
- American Fire Sprinkler Association (AFSA) , 12750 Merit Dr., Suite 350, Dallas, TX 75251. Phone: (214) 349-5965. Fax: (214) 343-8898.
- Home Builders Institute (HBI) , 1201 15th St. NW, Sixth Floor, Washington, DC 20005. Phone: (800) 795-7955. Fax: (202) 266-8999.
- Mechanical Contractors Association of America (MCAA) , 1385 Piccard Dr., Rockville, MD 20850. Phone: (301) 869-5800. Fax: (301) 990-9690.
- National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) , 1201 15th St. NW, Washington, DC 20005. Phone: (800) 368-5242.
- National Fire Sprinkler Association (NFSA) , 40 Jon Barrett Rd., Patterson, NY 12563. Phone: (845) 878-4200.
- Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association (PHCC) , 180 S. Washington St., Falls Church, VA 22046. Phone: (800) 533-7694. Fax: (703) 237-7442.