Details Report for:
49-9021.02 - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
Install and repair industrial and commercial refrigerating systems.
Sample of reported job titles: HVAC / R Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning / Refrigeration Technician); HVAC Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician); HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician); HVAC/R Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Service Technician); Refrigeration Mechanic; Refrigeration Operator; Refrigeration Technician (Refrigeration Tech); Service Technician (Service Tech); Transportation Refrigeration Technician
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Facilities management software — Facility energy management software; Johnson Controls Metasys
- Industrial control software — Building automation software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Air velocity and temperature monitors — Draft gauges; Velometers
- Alignment jig — Material alignment jigs
- Ammeters — Milliammeters
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Bolt cutters
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Capacitance meters — Capacitance testers
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Chemical test strips or papers — Litmus papers
- Cold chisels
- Conduit benders
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Electrical frequency meters — Electrical frequency indicators
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Explosimeters — Combustion analyzers
- Feeler gauges
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Flow sensors — Air volume test equipment
- Flowmeters — Air flow hoods; Pitot tubes
- Frequency calibrator or simulator — Current simulators; Voltage simulators
- GFI circuit testers — Ground fault circuit interrupter GFCI testers
- Glue guns
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hand reamer — Reamers
- Hand sprayers
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Portable refractometers
- Handheld thermometer — Handheld thermometers; Water temperature gauges
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches
- Hold down clamps
- Hole saws
- Hydraulic pumps — Transfer pumps
- Infrared imagers — Infrared thermography cameras and display units
- Label making machines — Labeling machines
- Laser printers
- Leak testing equipment — Smoke testers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Bubble levels; Laser levels; Precision levels; Water levels
- Lifelines or lifeline equipment — Fall arrest lines
- Liquid leak detectors — Refrigerant leak detectors
- Lug crimping tool dies
- Manual wire straighteners — Fin combs
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws
- Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC
- Moisture meters — Micron gauges
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers
- Ohmmeters — Volt-ohm meters VOM
- Oil pumps — Refrigerant oil pumps
- Open end wrenches
- Oxygen gas analyzers — Oxygen testers
- Personal computers
- Phasemeters — Phase rotation meters
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Tube cutters
- Pipe wrenches
- Platform lift — Platform lifts; Staging equipment
- Plotter printers — Plotters
- Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices; Dataloggers
- Power drills — Cordless drills; Electric drills; Hand drills
- Power flaring tool — Flaring tools
- Power saws — Reciprocating saws
- Pressure indicators — Gas pressure gauges; Magnehelic gauges; Pressure simulators
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Power washers
- Pry bars — Crowbars
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches
- Razor knives — Scrapers
- Refrigerant compressors — Charging cylinders; Charging manifolds
- Safety glasses
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses
- Sampling manifolds — Service manifold sets
- Scales — Scale rules
- Scanners — Image scanners
- Screw extractors — Screw extractor sets
- Shackle — Shackles
- Single gas monitors — Carbon dioxide CO2 testers; Carbon monoxide evaluators
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering guns; Soldering irons
- Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter — Decibel meters
- Specialty wrenches — Valve wrenches
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Swaging tools
- Tachometers — Strobe tachometers
- Tape measures
- Telescoping boom lift — Telescoping boom trucks
- Temperature calibrator or simulator — Temperature simulators
- Temperature gauge — Temperature gauges
- Temperature humidity testers — Humidity simulators
- Tension testers — Belt tension indicators
- Thermocouple probes — Thermocouple testers
- Threading dies — Pipe dies; Pipe threaders
- Threading taps — Tap sets
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Torque wrenches
- Two way radios
- Ultraviolet UV lamps — Black lights
- Utility knives
- Vacuum cleaners — Industrial vacuums
- Vacuum gauges — Compound gauges
- Vacuum pumps — Recovery and recycle units
- Vibration testers — Vibration analyis equipment
- Wattmeters — Watt transducers
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Winches — Staging winches
- Wire brushes
- Wire cutters
- Inspect systems to determine if they are operating properly.
- Repair pipes to stop leaking.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Braze metal parts or components.
- Install machine or equipment replacement parts.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Install heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) equipment.
- Disassemble equipment to inspect for deficiencies.
- Test mechanical systems to ensure proper functioning.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Install home appliances.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Travel to work sites to perform installation, repair or maintenance work.
- Connect electrical components or equipment.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Fabricate parts or components.
- Schedule repair, installation or maintenance activities.
- Supervise employees.
- Train others in operational procedures.
- Lay out work according to specifications.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials.
- Install hardware or other interior fixtures.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
|47-4021.00||Elevator Installers and Repairers|
|49-2094.00||Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment|
|49-2095.00||Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay|
|49-3011.00||Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians|
|49-3023.01||Automotive Master Mechanics|
|49-3042.00||Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines|
|49-9021.01||Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers Bright Outlook Green|
|49-9071.00||Maintenance and Repair Workers, General|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wage data for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Employment data for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
Industry data for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
|Median wages (2019)||$23.43 hourly, $48,730 annual|
|Employment (2018)||367,900 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Much faster than average (11% or higher)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||42,800|
|Top industries (2018)||
Construction (67% employed in this sector)
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- International Institute of Ammonia Refrigeration
- North American Technical Excellence
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
- Refrigerating Engineers and Technicians Association
- Refrigeration Service Engineers Society
- United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States, Canada