Summary Report for:
25-1121.00 - Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
Sample of reported job titles: Art History Professor, Art Instructor, Art Professor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Instructor, Music Instructor, Music Professor, Professor, Theatre Professor
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Explain and demonstrate artistic techniques.
- Evaluate and grade students' class work, performances, projects, assignments, and papers.
- Prepare students for performances, exams, or assessments.
- Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
- Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as acting techniques, fundamentals of music, and art history.
- Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.
- Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
- Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.
- Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.
- Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.
- Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
- Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks and performance pieces.
- Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
- Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
- Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.
- Display students' work in schools, galleries, and exhibitions.
- Participate in campus and community events.
- Keep students informed of community events, such as plays and concerts.
- Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
- Act as advisers to student organizations.
- Organize performance groups and direct their rehearsals.
- Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
- Perform administrative duties, such as serving as department head.
- Maintain or repair studio facilities.
- Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.
- Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.
- Calendar and scheduling software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk Maya for Design Visualization
- Computer based training software — Blackboard Learn; Desire2Learn; Learning management system LMS; Sakai CLE (see all 5 examples)
- Data base management system software — MySQL
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software
- Desktop publishing software — Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign ; QuarkXpress
- Development environment software — PhoneGap
- Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator ; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop ; Faux Labs Splashup; The Pixel Farm PFTrack (see all 7 examples)
- Information retrieval or search software — DOC Cop; iParadigms Turnitin
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Music or sound editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Audition; Apple Logic Pro; Pure Data PD; Sonic Studio (see all 6 examples)
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Linux
- Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Image scanning software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Video creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects; Apple Final Cut Pro; Pixar RenderMan Studio; The Foundry Nuke (see all 6 examples)
- Web page creation and editing software — Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
- Word processing software — Collaborative editing software; Google Docs ; Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Air compressors — Portable air compressors
- Anvils — Tinsmithing anvils
- Audio analog to digital AD converter — Analog to digital audio converters
- Audio mixing consoles — Digital mixing consoles
- Automatic bar machine — Machine lathes
- Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Wood lathes
- Belt sander — Belt sanders
- Blow torch — Oxygen torches
- Carving tools — Pneumatic carving equipment
- Cassette players or recorders — Multitrack recording systems
- Cinematographic cameras — Sound stage cameras
- Clay or modeling tools — Pug mills; Slab rollers
- Compact disk players or recorders — Compact disk CD players
- Crimping pliers — Beading tools
- Desktop computers
- Digital audio workstation DAW — Digital audio workstations
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras
- Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras
- Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players
- Digital voice recorders — Audio recording equipment
- Disc sander — Power disc sanders
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Dry kiln fired clay — Clay firing kilns
- Enameling Kilns — Burnout kilns
- Engravers — Engraving equipment
- Epidiascopes — Opaque projectors
- Extruders for modeling materials — Modeling material extruders
- Floor stands — Model stands
- Focus spots — Stage spotlights
- Hammers — Reshaping hammers; Tinsmithing hammers
- High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives
- Hydraulic press brake — Sheet metal brakes
- Infrared imagers — Infrared camera tracking systems
- Inkjet printers — Computer inkjet printers; Poster printers
- Intaglio or lithography printing presses — Printmaking presses; Tabletop presses
- Kilns for firing ceramics — Gas-fired kilns
- Laminators — Laminating equipment
- Laser cutting machine — Laser cutting equipment
- Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
- Laser printers — Computer laser printers
- Liquid crystal display projector — Liquid crystal display LCD projectors
- Loudspeakers — Surround sound systems
- Manual press brake — Magnetic finger brakes
- Metal crucibles
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Metronomes — Electronic metronomes
- Microphone stand — Microphone podiums
- Microphones — Handheld microphones; Wireless microphones
- Milling machines — Computer numerical control CNC routers; Computer numerical control CNC vertical knee mills
- Miter saw — Sliding compound miter saws
- MP3 players or recorders — MP3 digital voice recorders
- Multimedia projectors — Computer projectors; Multimedia projection equipment
- Musical instrument effects unit — Experimental hyperinstruments
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Offset printing presses — Vendercook presses
- Overhead projectors — Overhead data projectors
- Paint application system — Paint booths
- Paint brushes — Artists' paint brushes
- Paper cutters or refills — Paper cutters
- Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
- Plasma cutting machine — Plasma cutters
- Platen covers — Platen presses
- Portable data input terminals — Interactive whiteboard controllers; Student response systems
- Power sanders — Oscilliating spindle sanders
- Power saws — Band saws; Metal cutting band saws; Sliding table saws
- Projection screens or displays — Projector screens
- Sand blasting machine — Sandblasting guns
- Scanners — Computer data input scanners
- Scientific calculator — Digital calculators
- Scroll saw — Scroll saws
- Sewing machines — Commercial sewing machines
- Shears — Foot shears
- Sheet metal forming machine — Slip rollers
- Silkscreen screens or printing stations — Silkscreen machines
- Slide projectors — Carousel slide projectors
- Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
- Spot welding machine — Spot welders
- Spray booth — Negative pressure spray booths
- Stage or studio lamps — General stage lighting
- Surface grinding machine — Surface grinding machines
- Synthesizer — Computerized synthesizers
- Tablet computers
- Tangent bender — Hossfield metal benders
- Teleconference equipment — Conference telephones
- Televisions — Liquid crystal display LCD televisions; Television monitors
- Thermal binding machine — Book presses
- Touch screen monitors — Interactive whiteboards
- Tube bending machine — Hydraulic tubing benders
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welders
- Vacuum molding machines — Vacuum casting equipment
- Vertical turning center — Computer numerical control CNC vertical lathes
- Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment
- Web cameras — Webcams
- Wood easels — Wood art easels
- Fine Arts — Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
- History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Selling or Influencing Others — Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
Detailed Work Activities
- Teach humanities courses at the college level.
- Evaluate student work.
- Tutor students who need extra assistance.
- Guide class discussions.
- Develop instructional materials.
- Maintain student records.
- Coordinate student extracurricular activities.
- Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
- Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
- Develop instructional objectives.
- Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
- Advise students on academic or career matters.
- Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
- Prepare tests.
- Supervise student research or internship work.
- Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
- Select educational materials or equipment.
- Direct department activities.
- Research topics in area of expertise.
- Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
- Promote educational institutions or programs.
- Maintain facilities.
- Repair structural components.
- Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
- Display student work.
- Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
- Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
- Write grant proposals.
- Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
- Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
- Electronic Mail — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 83% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 87% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 66% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 55% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Public Speaking — 60% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 54% responded “Extremely important.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 52% responded “Extremely important.”
- Physical Proximity — 40% responded “Very close (near touching).”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 48% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 34% responded “Very important.”
- Level of Competition — 33% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Letters and Memos — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Time Pressure — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Telephone — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Standing — 35% responded “About half the time.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 29% responded “Important results.”
- Deal With External Customers — 28% responded “Very important.”
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: SA Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2018)||$69,960 annual|
|Employment (2018)||119,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Faster than average (7% to 10%)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||11,100|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Actors' Equity Association
- AIGA, the professional association for design
- American Association of University Professors
- American Federation of Musicians
- American Musicological Society
- American Society for Theatre Research
- American String Teachers Association
- Association for Theatre in Higher Education
- College Art Association
- Music Teachers National Association
- National Association for Music Education
- National Association of Teachers of Singing
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Postsecondary teachers
- Southeastern Theatre Conference
- The College Music Society
- United States Institute for Theatre Technology