Summary Report for:
25-1194.00 - Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the postsecondary level (but at less than the baccalaureate) to students who have graduated or left high school. Includes correspondence school, industrial, and commercial instructors; and adult education teachers and instructors who prepare persons to operate industrial machinery and equipment and transportation and communications equipment. Teaching may take place in public or private schools whose primary business is education or in a school associated with an organization whose primary business is other than education.
Sample of reported job titles: Automotive Instructor; Automotive Technology Instructor; Cosmetology Instructor; Flight Instructor; HVAC-R Instructor (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, And Refrigeration Instructor); Instructor; Medical Assistant Instructor; Professor; Teacher; Welding Instructor
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Observe and evaluate students' work to determine progress, provide feedback, and make suggestions for improvement.
- Present lectures and conduct discussions to increase students' knowledge and competence using visual aids, such as graphs, charts, videotapes, and slides.
- Supervise and monitor students' use of tools and equipment.
- Administer oral, written, or performance tests to measure progress and to evaluate training effectiveness.
- Provide individualized instruction and tutorial or remedial instruction.
- Prepare reports and maintain records, such as student grades, attendance rolls, and training activity details.
- Develop curricula and plan course content and methods of instruction.
- Determine training needs of students or workers.
- Supervise independent or group projects, field placements, laboratory work, or other training.
- Integrate academic and vocational curricula so that students can obtain a variety of skills.
- Select and assemble books, materials, supplies, and equipment for training, courses, or projects.
- Conduct on-the-job training classes or training sessions to teach and demonstrate principles, techniques, procedures, or methods of designated subjects.
- Acquire, maintain, and repair laboratory equipment and tools.
- Prepare outlines of instructional programs and training schedules and establish course goals.
- Advise students on course selection, career decisions, and other academic and vocational concerns.
- Participate in conferences, seminars, and training sessions to keep abreast of developments in the field, and integrate relevant information into training programs.
- Develop teaching aids, such as instructional software, multimedia visual aids, or study materials.
- Serve on faculty and school committees concerned with budgeting, curriculum revision, and course and diploma requirements.
- Arrange for lectures by experts in designated fields.
- Review enrollment applications and correspond with applicants to obtain additional information.
- Calendar and scheduling software
- Computer based training software — Blackboard Learn; Desire2Learn; Learning management system LMS; Sakai CLE (see all 5 examples)
- Data base user interface and query software — Blackboard; Career management systems CMS; Data entry software
- Electronic mail software — Email software; Microsoft Outlook
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Fireworks
- Information retrieval or search software — DOC Cop; iParadigms Turnitin
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Medical software — Medical condition coding software ; Medical procedure coding software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Image scanning software
- Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Collaborative editing software; Google Docs ; Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Anatomical human mannequins for medical education or training — Educational anatomy models
- Bar code reader equipment — Handheld bar code readers
- Battery hydrometer — Battery conductance testers
- Bearing fitting tool kits — Cam bearing driver sets
- Brake drum lathe — Brake drum lathes
- Brake repair kits — Brake shoe adjusting gauges; Brake spoons; Brake spring removers
- Brake spring pliers
- Calipers — Digital calipers
- Clutch repair kits — Clutch alignment sets
- Compact disk players or recorders — Compact disk CD players
- Desktop computers
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital camcorders; Digital video cameras
- Digital cameras — Compact digital cameras
- Digital video disk players or recorders — Digital video disk DVD players
- Domestic hair dryers — Blowdryers; Stationary hairdryers
- Electric hair clipper — Hair clippers
- Electric vehicle charging kit — Refrigerant charging stations
- Electronic reader or E-reader — E-readers
- Emergency medical services first aid kits — Emergency first aid kits
- Engine tune up tester — Engine analyzers
- Engravers — Laser engravers
- Epidiascopes — Opaque projectors
- Flat nose pliers — Boot clamp pliers
- Glue guns — Hot glue guns
- Hair combs or brushes — Hairbrushes
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks
- Handheld thermometer — Electronic thermometers
- High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives
- Hold down clamps — Hose clamps
- Hole punching units — Hole punchers
- Industrial hydraulic press — Hydraulic presses
- Injectors — Dye injectors
- Inkjet printers — Poster printers
- Label making machines — Label makers
- Laminators — Laminating equipment
- Laser fax machine — Laser facsimile machines
- Laser printers — Computer laser printers
- Liquid crystal display projector — Liquid crystal display LCD projectors
- Liquid level controls or instruments — Coolant testers
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Medical gas cylinders or related devices — Oxygen tanks
- Mercury blood pressure units — Manual blood pressure cuffs
- Micrometers — Brake disc micrometers; Brake drum micrometers
- Microphone stand — Microphone podiums
- Microphones — Handheld microphones; Wireless microphones
- MP3 players or recorders — MP3 digital voice recorders
- Multimedia projectors — Computer projectors; Multimedia projection equipment
- Nebulizer or accessories — Handheld nebulizers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Ophthalmic lensometers — Optometric lensometers
- Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Otoscopes
- Overhead projectors — Overhead data projectors
- Paper cutters or refills — Paper cutters
- Patient restraint boards or accessories — Arm board stabilizers
- Photocopiers — Photocopying equipment
- Pneumatic hammer — Air chisel sets
- Pneumatic vacuum equipment — Brake bleeders
- Portable data input terminals — Interactive whiteboard controllers; Student response systems
- Power grease gun — Handheld grease guns
- Power steering tuning cable — Power steering pump pulleys
- Pressure gauge — Ball gauges; Hydraulic pressure gauge sets
- Pressure indicators — Cooling system pressure testers
- Pressure regulator — Air pressure regulators
- Projection screens or displays — Projector screens
- Ratchets — Air ratchets
- Scanners — Computer data input scanners
- Scientific calculator — Digital calculators
- Screwdrivers — Screwdriver sets
- Shears — Hair cutting shears
- Slide projectors — Carousel slide projectors
- Soldering iron — Soldering guns
- Sound detector — Automotive stethoscopes
- Spark plug gap gauge — Spark plug feeler gauges
- Special purpose telephones — Multi-line telephone systems
- Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies — Spirometers
- Steam autoclaves or sterilizers — Autoclave sterilizers
- Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Dressing forceps
- Swiveling barber chair — Shampoo chairs
- Tablet computers
- Taps — Tap and die sets
- Teleconference equipment — Conference telephones
- Televisions — Liquid crystal display LCD televisions; Television monitors
- Tire pressure gauge — Tire pressure gauges
- Touch screen monitors — Interactive whiteboards
- Vehicle jack — Vehicle jack stands
- Videoconferencing systems — Videoconferencing equipment
- Web cameras — Webcams
- Wheel alignment equipment — Wheel aligners
- Wheel balancing equipment — Wheel balancers
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
Detailed Work Activities
- Monitor student performance.
- Evaluate student work.
- Apply multiple teaching methods.
- Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
- Tutor students who need extra assistance.
- Maintain student records.
- Plan educational activities.
- Prepare reports detailing student activities or performance.
- Assess educational needs of students.
- Supervise laboratory work.
- Supervise student research or internship work.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Teach vocational courses.
- Select educational materials or equipment.
- Develop instructional objectives.
- Advise students on academic or career matters.
- Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
- Create technology-based learning materials.
- Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
- Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
- Schedule instructional activities.
- Contact With Others — 68% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Public Speaking — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Electronic Mail — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 57% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 75% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 55% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 40% responded “Extremely important.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
- Physical Proximity — 54% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 35% responded “Extremely important.”
- Deal With External Customers — 42% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Standing — 41% responded “About half the time.”
- Telephone — 43% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 28% responded “Very important results.”
- Letters and Memos — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 32% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 22% responded “Very high responsibility.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: SR Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2018)||$25.54 hourly, $53,120 annual|
|Employment (2018)||126,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||9,800|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- American Association for Vocational Instructional Materials
- American Association of Cosmetology Schools
- American Dental Assistants Association
- American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO
- American Society of Radiologic Technologists
- American Welding Society
- Association for Career and Technical Education
- National Business Education Association
- National Education Association
- National League for Nursing
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Career and technical education teachers
- Professional Beauty Association
- The American Institute of Architects