Summary Report for:
27-2021.00 - Athletes and Sports Competitors
Compete in athletic events.
Sample of reported job titles: Baseball Pitcher, Baseball Player, Basketball Player, Golf Professional, Hockey Player, Major League Baseball Player, Minor League Baseball Player, Professional Athlete, Professional Golf Tournament Player, Race Car Driver
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Assess performance following athletic competition, identifying strengths and weaknesses and making adjustments to improve future performance.
- Maintain equipment used in a particular sport.
- Attend scheduled practice or training sessions.
- Maintain optimum physical fitness levels by training regularly, following nutrition plans, or consulting with health professionals.
- Participate in athletic events or competitive sports, according to established rules and regulations.
- Exercise or practice under the direction of athletic trainers or professional coaches to develop skills, improve physical condition, or prepare for competitions.
- Receive instructions from coaches or other sports staff prior to events and discuss performance afterwards.
- Represent teams or professional sports clubs, performing such activities as meeting with members of the media, making speeches, or participating in charity events.
- Lead teams by serving as captain.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Archery arrows — Target shooting arrows
- Archery bows — Precision archery bows
- Archery targets — Portable archery targets
- Badminton rackets
- Baseball bats — Metal baseball bats; Wooden baseball bats
- Baseball gloves — Baseball catching gloves
- Basketballs — Regulation basketballs
- Batons — Relay race batons
- Bowling equipment — Bowling balls
- Boxing gloves
- Bridles — Horse bridles
- Cross trainers — Elliptical trainers
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Digital video cameras
- Discus — Throwing discus
- Diving boards — Diving platforms; Spring diving boards
- Dumbbells — Fitness dumbbells
- Environmental test chamber — Cyclical variations in adaptive conditioning CVAC pods
- Exercise balls — Stability balls
- Fencing sword or foil — Fencing foils
- Field hockey sticks — Regulation field hockey sticks
- Football blocking sleds — Football training sleds
- Football tackling dummies — Football training dummies
- Footballs — Regulation footballs
- Golf clubs — Golf drivers; Golf putters; Golf wedges
- Gymnastic bars or beams — Balance beams; Parallel bars; Uneven bars
- Gymnastic pommel horse — Pommel horses
- Gymnastic ropes or rings or climbing accessories — Gymnastics grips; Gymnastics rings
- Gymnastic trampolines — Gymnastics trampolines
- Gymnastic vault springboard or beatboard — Vaulting springboards
- Gymnastic vaulting equipment — Gymnastics vaults
- Heavy truck tires — Tractor tires
- Hockey sticks — Ice hockey sticks
- Hurdles — Track and field hurdles
- Ice skates — Figure skates; Ice hockey skates; Speed skates
- Javelins — Competition javelins
- Lacrosse sticks
- Lower body resistance machines — Lower body weight machines
- Medicine ball — Fitness balls
- Mountain bicycles — Mountain bikes
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Personal computers
- Physiological recorders — Motion analysis equipment
- Pool cues
- Portable data input terminals — Weighlifting analysis equipment
- Racing bicycles — Bicycle motocross BMX bikes; Road bikes
- Recreational sailboats — Competition sailboats
- Reins — Horse reins
- Resistive exercise bands or putty or tubing or accessories for rehabilitation or therapy — Therapeutic exercise bands
- Roller skates or roller blades — In-line skates
- Row boat — Sculling boats; Sweep-oar boats
- Rowing machines — Row machines
- Saddles — Riding saddles
- Sandbags or sandbag sets for rehabilitation or therapy — Therapeutic sandbags
- Shotputs — Competition shot puts
- Skateboard — Competition skateboards
- Skis — Cross-country skis; Downhill skis
- Snowboards — Competition snowboards
- Soccer balls — Regulation soccer balls
- Softball bats
- Stair climbers — Power stairclimbers
- Starting block — Race starting blocks
- Stationary bicycles — Exercise bicycles; Recumbent exercise bicycles
- Surfboards — Competition surfboards
- Swim goggles or swim fins — Swimming goggles
- Table tennis paddles — Ping-pong paddles
- Tablet computers
- Tennis racquets — Tennis rackets
- Throwing hammer — Hammer throws
- Training weight — Weight plates; Weighted vests
- Treadmills — Fitness treadmills
- Upper body resistance machines — Core strengthening wheels; Upper body ergometers
- Vaulting poles
- Volleyballs — Regulation volleyballs
- Water skis or accessories — Competition water skis
- Weight benches or racks — Glute-ham benches; Squat benches; Squat racks
- Whips — Dressage whips; Riding crops
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Motion analysis software
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Instant messaging software — Twitter
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Video creation and editing software — YouTube
- Web page creation and editing software — Facebook
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Dynamic Strength — The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
- Explosive Strength — The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Detailed Work Activities
- Evaluate skills of athletes or performers.
- Practice athletic or artistic skills.
- Participate in athletic events.
- Promote products, activities, or organizations.
- Coach others.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 79% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 54% responded “Extremely important.”
- Level of Competition — 67% responded “Extremely competitive.”
- Contact With Others — 60% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 46% responded “Important results.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 59% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 53% responded “Some freedom.”
- Telephone — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 48% responded “More than half the time.”
- Electronic Mail — 39% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 41% responded “Some freedom.”
- Work Schedules — 62% responded “Seasonal (only during certain times of the year).”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 46% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 65% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Time Pressure — 41% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 36% responded “Important.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 40% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 47% responded “Extremely important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 32% responded “High responsibility.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 56% responded “Important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 28% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 47% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 36% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Deal With External Customers — 26% responded “Extremely important.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 34% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 34% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — 29% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 40% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 48% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 24% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, forest firefighters, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|35||Less than high school diploma|
|23||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: RE
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$44,680 annual|
|Employment (2014)||14,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Average (5% to 8%)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||5,400|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Athletes and sports competitors . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.