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Summary Report for:
29-1141.04 - Clinical Nurse Specialists

Plan, direct, or coordinate the daily patient care activities in a clinical practice. Ensure adherence to established clinical policies, protocols, regulations, and standards.

Sample of reported job titles: Board Certified Clinical Nurse Specialist, Diabetes; Cardiology Clinical Nurse Specialist; Cardiothoracic Surgery Clinical Nurse Specialist; Cardiovascular Clinical Nurse Specialist; Clinical Nurse Specialist; Critical Care Clinical Nurse Specialist; Emergency Department Clinical Nurse Specialist; Intensive Care Unit Clinical Nurse Specialist; Nurse Clinician; Pediatric Clinical Nurse Specialist

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Collaborate with other health care professionals and service providers to ensure optimal patient care.
  • Provide consultation to other health care providers in areas such as patient discharge, patient care, or clinical procedures.
  • Develop or assist others in development of care and treatment plans.
  • Develop and maintain departmental policies, procedures, objectives, or patient care standards based on evidence-based practice guidelines or expert opinion.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in nursing.
  • Evaluate the quality and effectiveness of nursing practice or organizational systems.
  • Develop, implement, or evaluate standards of nursing practice in specialty area such as pediatrics, acute care, and geriatrics.
  • Design evaluation programs regarding the quality and effectiveness of nursing practice or organizational systems.
  • Plan, evaluate, or modify treatment programs based on information gathered by observing and interviewing patients, or by analyzing patient records.
  • Direct or supervise nursing care staff in the provision of patient therapy.
  • Instruct nursing staff in areas such as the assessment, development, implementation and evaluation of disability, illness, management, technology, or resources.
  • Monitor or evaluate medical conditions of patients in collaboration with other health care professionals.
  • Design patient education programs that include information required to make informed health care and treatment decisions.
  • Provide specialized direct and indirect care to inpatients and outpatients within a designated specialty such as obstetrics, neurology, oncology, or neonatal care.
  • Make clinical recommendations to physicians, other health care providers, insurance companies, patients, or health care organizations.
  • Maintain departmental policies, procedures, objectives, or infection control standards.
  • Present clients with information required to make informed health care and treatment decisions.
  • Perform discharge planning for patients.
  • Identify training needs or conduct training sessions for nursing students or medical staff.
  • Participate in clinical research projects such as by reviewing protocols, reviewing patient records, monitoring compliance, and meeting with regulatory authorities.
  • Lead nursing department implementation of, or compliance with, regulatory or accreditation processes.
  • Observe, interview, and assess patients to identify care needs.
  • Write nursing orders.
  • Chair nursing departments or committees.
  • Develop nursing service philosophies, goals, policies, priorities, or procedures.
  • Coordinate or conduct educational programs or in-service training sessions on topics such as clinical procedures.
  • Teach patient education programs that include information required to make informed health care and treatment decisions.
  • Prepare reports to document patients' care activities.
  • Provide direct care by performing comprehensive health assessments, developing differential diagnoses, conducting specialized tests, or prescribing medications or treatments.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Acute care fetal or maternal monitoring units or accessories — Fetal monitors
  • Apnea monitors or accessories — Apnea monitors
  • Arterial blood gas monitors or accessories — Arterial blood gas testing equipment
  • Arterial line catheters — Swan Ganz artery catheters
  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Autotransfusion units — Autotransfusion systems
  • Bedpans for general use — Bedpans
  • Blood collection syringes — Blood drawing syringes
  • Blood pressure cuff kits — Sphygmomanometers
  • Breast pumps or its accessories — Breast pumps
  • Bronchoscopes or accessories — Bronchoscopes
  • Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Cardiac monitors; Hemodynamic monitors
  • Cardiac pacemaker generator or cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker CRT-P — Transcutaneous pacemakers; Transvenous pacemakers
  • Cardiac ultrasound or doppler or echo units or cardioscopes — Doppler ultrasound equipment
  • Cast cutters or saws — Cast cutting saws
  • Cast or splint carts — Cast carts
  • Central venous catheters — Multiple lumen central line catheters
  • Clinical incubators or infant warmers — Isolettes; Newborn warming lamps
  • Clinical trapeze bars — Clinical trapeze traction bars
  • Crutches or crutch accessories — Crutches
  • Desktop computers
  • Diagnostic or interventional vascular catheters or sets — Angiocaths; Pulmonary artery catheters
  • Electrocardiography EKG transmitter or telemetry or accessories — Telemetry monitors
  • Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
  • Electronic blood pressure units — Blood pressure monitors
  • Electronic medical thermometers — Digital patient thermometers
  • Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment — Electrosurgical cauterization machines
  • Emergency or resuscitation carts — Crash carts; Pediatric crash carts
  • End tidal carbon dioxide monitors or supplies — End tidal carbon dioxide monitors
  • Endotracheal or tracheotomy sets — Tracheotomy sets
  • Endotracheal tubes — Endotracheal ET tubes
  • Enema kits or accessories — Enema equipment
  • Enteral feeding infusion pump tubing sets — Enteral feeding sets
  • Epidural anesthesia kit or tray — Epidural catheters
  • Eye charts or vision cards — Visual acuity charts
  • Finger ring removers — Ring cutters
  • Flexible endoscopes or accessories or related products — Fiberoptic endoscopes
  • Floor grade forceps or hemostats — Alligator forceps; Ring forceps; Straight hemostats
  • Flow sensors or regulators or components — Oxygen flowmeters
  • Glucose monitors or meters — Blood glucometers
  • Goggles — Safety goggles
  • Gurneys or scissor lifts — Medical gurneys
  • Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB machines — Mechanical intermittent positive pressure ventilators
  • Intracranial pressure ICP monitoring units or accessories — Intracranial pressure monitors
  • Intravenous infusion pumps for general use — Intravenous infusion pumps
  • Intravenous or arterial catheter tray — Intravenous IV administration sets; Intravenous IV cutdown trays
  • Intubation forceps — Magill forceps
  • Intubator components or accessories — Intubation sets
  • Laboratory graduated cylinders — Graduated glass laboratory cylinders
  • Lancets
  • Manual resuscitators — Manual resuscitation bags
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Medical aspiration or irrigation syringes — Bulb syringes
  • Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves — Medical examination protective gloves
  • Medical incision drainage bags or reservoirs — Incision drainage equipment
  • Medical nasal catheters or catheterization kits — Nasal catheters
  • Medical oxygen masks or parts — Oxygen delivery masks
  • Medical radiological positioning aids for general radiological use — Sandbags
  • Medical staff isolation or cover gown — Protective gowns
  • Medical staff isolation or surgical masks — Protective face shields; Protective medical face masks
  • Medical staple or clip removers — Surgical staple removers
  • Medical stapler for external use — Skin staplers
  • Medical suction or vacuum appliances — Nasal suctioning equipment; Oral suctioning equipment; Tracheal suctioning equipment
  • Medical syringe with needle — Hypodermic syringes
  • Medical tuning forks — Diagnostic tuning forks
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or echo transducers or accessories — Ultrasound transducers
  • Medication or pill dispensers or accessories — Automated medicine dispensing equipment
  • Microscope slides
  • Multiparameter vital sign unit or accessories — Transport cardiac monitors
  • Nasal exam specula or dilators — Nasal specula
  • Nasogastric tubes
  • Nasopharyngeal tubes — Nasopharyngeal airways
  • Nebulizer or accessories — Electronic compressor nebulizers; Handheld nebulizers
  • Non invasive bi level machines — Bilevel positive airway pressure BiPAP ventilators
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers
  • Ophthalmic irrigation or aspiration supplies or accessories — Eye lavage kits
  • Ophthalmic slit lamps
  • Ophthalmic tonometers or accessories — Ophthalmic tonometers
  • Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Ophthalmoscopes; Otoscopes
  • Orthopedic splint systems — Orthopedic splinting equipment
  • Orthopedic traction hardware or weights — Traction weights
  • Ostomy appliances — Ostomy equipment
  • Otological instruments or accessories — Ear curettes
  • Oxygen concentrators
  • Patient care beds or accessories for specialty care — Specialty patient care beds
  • Patient floor scales — Medical scales
  • Patient shifting boards or accessories — Transfer boards
  • Patient stabilization or fall prevention devices or accessories — Patient restraints
  • Perfusion oxygen or hematocrit saturation monitors or accessories — Venous Oxygen Saturation SVO2 monitors
  • Pericardiocentesis needles or kits or accessories — Pericardiocentesis kits
  • Pleural cavity drainage unit or container or accessories — Chest drains
  • Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
  • Reflex hammers or mallets — Reflex hammers
  • Specimen collection container — Specimen collection containers
  • Spine boards — Backboards
  • Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies — Incentive spirometers
  • Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Occlusion clamps
  • Surgical irrigation sets or accessories — Surgical irrigation sets
  • Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines or accessories — Surgical scalpels
  • Surgical scissors — Straight surgical scissors
  • Surgical shave kits or prep razors or clippers — Surgical razors
  • Suture removal kits or trays or packs or sets — Suture removal kits
  • Suturing kits or trays or packs or sets — Laceration repair trays
  • Tablet computers
  • Tablet crushers or accessories — Pill crushers; Pill splitters
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling blankets or drapes — Hyper/hypothermia blankets
  • Thoracentesis set or tray — Thoracentesis kits; Thoracentesis trays
  • Tongue depressors or blades or sticks — Tongue blades
  • Tourniquets
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units — Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Ultraviolet UV lamps — Wood's lamps
  • Umbilical catheters
  • Urinalysis analyzers — Urine analysis equipment
  • Urinalysis test strips
  • Urinary catheterization kit — Urinary catheters
  • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Evacuated blood collection tubes
  • Vaginal exam specula
  • Vascular or compression apparel or support — Pneumatic boots
  • Walkers or rollators — Patient walkers
  • Wheelchairs

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Electronic mail software — Email software
  • Information retrieval or search software — Online medical databases
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Medical software — Bizmatics PrognoCIS EMR; GE Healthcare Centricity EMR; Medscribbler Enterprise; StatCom Patient Flow Logistics Enterprise Suite (see all 15 examples)
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Presentation software — Microsoft PowerPoint Hot technology
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Knowledge

  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
  • Philosophy and Theology — Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

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Skills

  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

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Abilities

  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
  • Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.

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Work Activities

  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
  • Develop medical treatment plans.
  • Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
  • Establish nursing policies or standards.
  • Maintain medical or professional knowledge.
  • Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals.
  • Train medical providers.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
  • Diagnose medical conditions.
  • Prescribe medications.
  • Evaluate patient functioning, capabilities, or health.
  • Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities.
  • Treat acute illnesses, infections, or injuries.
  • Follow protocols or regulations for healthcare activities.
  • Communicate detailed medical information to patients or family members.
  • Manage healthcare operations.
  • Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
  • Monitor medical facility activities to ensure adherence to standards or regulations.
  • Prepare reports summarizing patient diagnostic or care activities.

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Work Context

  • Electronic Mail — 100% responded “Every day.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 96% responded “Every day.”
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 85% responded “Every day.”
  • Telephone — 92% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 72% responded “Every day.”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 56% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Contact With Others — 54% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 54% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 62% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 54% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 73% responded “More than 40 hours.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 46% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 64% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Physical Proximity — 60% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Deal With External Customers — 38% responded “Very important.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 48% responded “Important results.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 42% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
  • Letters and Memos — 54% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Consequence of Error — 40% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 48% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Time Pressure — 42% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 32% responded “Every day.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 28% responded “Every day.”
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 27% responded “Every day.”
  • Level of Competition — 46% responded “Moderately competitive.”
  • Public Speaking — 50% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
88   Master's degree
8   Post-master's certificate Help
4   Doctoral degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: ESC

  • Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

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Work Styles

  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Registered Nurses.
Employment data collected from Registered Nurses.
Industry data collected from Registered Nurses.

Median wages (2015) $32.45 hourly, $67,490 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2014) 2,751,000 employees
Projected growth (2014-2024) Much faster than average (14% or higher) Much faster than average (14% or higher)
Projected job openings (2014-2024) 1,088,400
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2014)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data external site and 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Registered nurses external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.

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