Summary Report for:
29-1221.00 - Pediatricians, General
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries in children. May refer patients to specialists for further diagnosis or treatment, as needed.
Sample of reported job titles: Developmental Pediatrician, Emergency Room Pediatrician (ER Pediatrician), General Pediatrician, Group Practice Pediatrician, Medical Doctor (MD), Pediatric Emergency Medicine Physician, Pediatric Physician, Pediatrician, Physician, Primary Care Pediatrician
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Prescribe or administer treatment, therapy, medication, vaccination, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury in infants and children.
- Examine children regularly to assess their growth and development.
- Treat children who have minor illnesses, acute and chronic health problems, and growth and development concerns.
- Examine patients or order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests to obtain information on medical condition and determine diagnosis.
- Advise patients, parents or guardians, and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention.
- Explain procedures and discuss test results or prescribed treatments with patients and parents or guardians.
- Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, or examination results.
- Monitor patients' conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary.
- Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff.
- Plan and execute medical care programs to aid in the mental and physical growth and development of children and adolescents.
- Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioner when necessary.
- Teach residents or medical students about pediatric topics.
- Provide consulting services to other physicians.
- Operate on patients to remove, repair, or improve functioning of diseased or injured body parts and systems.
- Plan, implement, or administer health programs or standards in hospitals, businesses, or communities for prevention or treatment of injury or illness.
- Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Information retrieval or search software — Drug reference software; Medical information databases
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Medical software — Advanced Data Systems MedicsDocAssistant for Pediatrics; EMR Experts Pediatric EMR; Patient electronic medical record EMR software; StatCoder.com STAT E&M Coder (see all 5 examples)
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Acute care fetal or maternal monitoring units — Fetal monitors
- Arterial line catheters
- Auditory function screening units — Auditory testing equipment
- Binocular vision test sets — Vision screeners
- Blood collection syringes
- Bronchoscopes — Pediatric bronchoscopes
- Cervical collars or neck braces — Cervical collars
- Chest tubes — Thoracostomy tubes
- Clinical incubators or infant warmers — Infant warmers
- Desktop computers
- Diagnostic or interventional vascular catheters for general use — Pulmonary artery catheters
- Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
- Electronic blood pressure units
- Electronic stethoscopes
- End tidal carbon dioxide monitors
- Endoscopic equipment sets — Pediatric endoscopes
- Endoscopic hemostatic balloons or needles or tubes or accessories — Hemostats
- Endotracheal tubes — Endotracheal ET tubes
- Eye charts or vision cards — Snellen eye charts
- Glucose monitors or meters — Glucometers
- Infant scales — Baby scales
- Intravenous tubing with catheter administration kits — Intravenous IV equipment
- Intubation forceps — Pediatric Magill forceps
- Intubation laryngoscopes — Infant laryngoscope blades; Laryngoscope blades; Laryngoscopes
- Intubation stylets
- Irrigation or suction handpieces or cannulas or tips or catheters — Suction catheters
- Medical acoustic stethoscopes — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Medical bulb syringes
- Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves — Medical examination protective gloves
- Medical or surgical suction or vacuum appliances — Suction machines
- Medical oxygen masks or parts — Child oxygen masks; Infant oxygen masks; Neonatal airways; Oral airways
- Medical syringes without needle — Medical syringes
- Medical tuning forks
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or echocardiograph transducer accessories — Fetal doppler units
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echocardiograph or echocardiograph units for general diagnostic use — Ultrasound imaging scanners
- Mercury blood pressure units — Child sized blood pressure equipment; Manual blood pressure units
- Mobile medical services automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
- Nasopharyngeal tubes or airways — Nasopharyngeal airways
- Nebulizers — Pediatric nebulizers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Ophthalmoscopes; Otoscopes
- Orthopedic splint systems — Orthopedic splints
- Otological instruments — Ear curettes
- Oxygen air blenders — Air-oxygen blenders
- Oxygen therapy delivery system products — Oxygen administration equipment
- Patient carbon dioxide detectors — Capnographs
- Personal computers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Pharyngeal airways or airways kits — Oropharyngeal airways
- Pulse oximeter units — Pediatric pulse oximeters
- Reflex hammers or mallets — Neurological hammers
- Respiratory monitoring kit accessories — Oxygen analyzers; Transcutaneous oxygen monitors
- Respiratory monitoring kits — Non-invasive cardio respiratory monitors
- Resuscitation masks — Neonatal resuscitation masks; Valve mask resuscitators
- Spirometers — Pediatric spirometers
- Surgical clamps or clips or forceps — Curved forceps; Dressing forceps; Mosquito clamps; Splinter forceps (see all 7 examples)
- Surgical curettes or loops or curette sets — Dermal curettes
- Surgical isolation or surgical masks — Facial shields; Medical masks
- Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines — Surgical scalpels
- Surgical scissors — Operating scissors
- Suture needles
- Suture removers — Suture scissors
- Tablet computers
- Transport ventilators — Portable ventilators
- Ultraviolet UV lamps — Phototherapy equipment
- Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Evacuated blood collection tubes
- Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Working with Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Communicating with People Outside the Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Judging the Qualities of Objects, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Providing Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Detailed Work Activities
- Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
- Administer non-intravenous medications.
- Prescribe medications.
- Prescribe treatments or therapies.
- Treat acute illnesses, infections, or injuries.
- Treat chronic diseases or disorders.
- Order medical diagnostic or clinical tests.
- Advise communities or institutions regarding health or safety issues.
- Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
- Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members.
- Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
- Record patient medical histories.
- Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
- Supervise patient care personnel.
- Design public or employee health programs.
- Direct healthcare delivery programs.
- Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
- Teach classes in area of specialization.
- Teach medical procedures to healthcare personnel.
- Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
- Operate on patients to treat conditions.
- Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
- Prepare official health documents or records.
- Exposed to Disease or Infections — 99% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 95% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 92% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 85% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 77% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 77% responded “Extremely important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 65% responded “Very important results.”
- Telephone — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 58% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Physical Proximity — 18% responded “Slightly close (e.g., shared office).”
- Coordinate or Lead Others
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 83% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 30% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Electronic Mail — 43% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 38% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 56% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Deal With External Customers — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Spend Time Standing — 28% responded “More than half the time.”
- Consequence of Error — 63% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 19% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Letters and Memos — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Level of Competition — 24% responded “Extremely competitive.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 68% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 33% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 27% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 39% responded “Never.”
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Interest code: IS Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Self-Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2020)||$85.16 hourly, $177,130 annual|
|Employment (2020)||30,200 employees|
|Projected growth (2020-2030)||Decline (-1% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2020-2030)||800|
|Top industries (2020)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2020-2030 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Academic Pediatric Association
- Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
- American Academy of Family Physicians
- American Academy of Pediatrics
- American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
- American Board of Physician Specialties
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
- American College of Osteopathic Pediatricians
- American College of Physicians
- American College of Surgeons
- American Medical Association
- American Osteopathic Association
- Association of American Medical Colleges
- Federation of State Medical Boards
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Physicians and surgeons
- Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine
- The American Board of Pediatrics