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Summary Report for:
29-2061.00 - Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

Care for ill, injured, or convalescing patients or persons with disabilities in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required.

Sample of reported job titles: Charge Nurse; Clinic Licensed Practical Nurse (CLINIC LPN); Clinic Nurse; Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN); Licensed Practical Nurse, Clinic Nurse (LPN, Clinic Nurse); Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN); Office Nurse; Pediatric Licensed Practical Nurse (PEDIATRIC LPN); Private Duty Nurse; Triage Licensed Practical Nurse (TRIAGE LPN)

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Administer prescribed medications or start intravenous fluids, noting times and amounts on patients' charts.
  • Observe patients, charting and reporting changes in patients' conditions, such as adverse reactions to medication or treatment, and taking any necessary action.
  • Answer patients' calls and determine how to assist them.
  • Measure and record patients' vital signs, such as height, weight, temperature, blood pressure, pulse, or respiration.
  • Provide basic patient care or treatments, such as taking temperatures or blood pressures, dressing wounds, treating bedsores, giving enemas or douches, rubbing with alcohol, massaging, or performing catheterizations.
  • Work as part of a healthcare team to assess patient needs, plan and modify care, and implement interventions.
  • Supervise nurses' aides or assistants.
  • Evaluate nursing intervention outcomes, conferring with other healthcare team members as necessary.
  • Assemble and use equipment, such as catheters, tracheotomy tubes, or oxygen suppliers.
  • Record food and fluid intake and output.
  • Collect samples, such as blood, urine, or sputum from patients, and perform routine laboratory tests on samples.
  • Prepare patients for examinations, tests, or treatments and explain procedures.
  • Help patients with bathing, dressing, maintaining personal hygiene, moving in bed, or standing and walking.
  • Apply compresses, ice bags, or hot water bottles.
  • Sterilize equipment and supplies, using germicides, sterilizer, or autoclave.
  • Make appointments, keep records, or perform other clerical duties in doctors' offices or clinics.
  • Provide medical treatment or personal care to patients in private home settings, such as cooking, keeping rooms orderly, seeing that patients are comfortable and in good spirits, or instructing family members in simple nursing tasks.
  • Set up equipment and prepare medical treatment rooms.
  • Prepare or examine food trays for conformance to prescribed diet.
  • Wash and dress bodies of deceased persons.
  • Inventory and requisition supplies and instruments.
  • Clean rooms and make beds.
  • Assist in delivery, care, or feeding of infants.

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Technology Skills

  • Calendar and scheduling software — Scheduling software
  • Categorization or classification software — Diagnostic and procedural coding software
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software
  • Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
  • Medical software — Epic Systems Hot technology ; MEDITECH software Hot technology ; PointClickCare; Telephone triage software (see all 11 examples)
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Abdominal binders
  • Analgesic infusion sets or kits — Infusion sets
  • Apnea monitors or accessories — Apnea monitors
  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Blood transfusion filters or screens or accessories — Blood transfusion drip regulators
  • Butterfly needles
  • Canes or cane accessories — Canes
  • Capillary or hematocrit tubes — Capillary tubes
  • Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Heart monitors; Non-invasive cardiac output monitors; Ultrasonic cardiac output monitors
  • Cervical collars or neck braces — Neck braces
  • Clinical trapeze bars — Clinical trapezes
  • Continuous passive motion CPM devices or accessories — Continuous passive motion CPM equipment
  • Crutches or crutch accessories — Crutches
  • Desktop computers
  • Dial calibrated intravenous flowmeters or regulators — Infusion controllers
  • Electrocardiography EKG transmitter or telemetry or accessories — Telemetry units
  • Electrocardiography EKG units
  • Electronic blood pressure units
  • Electronic stethoscopes or accessories — Electronic stethoscopes
  • Enema kits or accessories — Enema equipment
  • Extremity restraints — Limb restraints; Wrist restraints
  • Full body restraints — Fabric body holders
  • Glucose monitors or meters — Blood glucometers; Glucometers; Needleless glucometers
  • Head or neck traction supplies — Crutchfield tongs; Halo traction equipment
  • Hematology analyzers — Hemoglobinometer machines
  • Hemodialysis units — Dialysis machines
  • Hypodermic needle — Hollow needles; Intramuscular needles; Intravenous IV needles; Subcutaneous hypodermic needles (see all 5 examples)
  • Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB machines — Intermittent positive pressure breathing IPPB apparatus
  • Intravenous infusion pumps for general use — Infusion pumps
  • Intravenous or arterial extension tubing — Filtered intravenous IV catheter tubing; Non-vented intravenous IV catheter tubing; Vented intravenous IV catheter tubing
  • Intravenous or arterial infusion single port bags or containers — Bag infusion systems; Closed infusion systems; Open infusion systems; Safety infusion systems
  • Intravenous or arterial tubing adapters or connectors or locks or caps or protectors — Heparin locks; Intermittent infusion sets
  • Knee brace or support — Knee braces
  • Lancets
  • Leg traction supplies — Balkan frames
  • Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
  • Medical gas cylinders or related devices — Oxygen cylinders
  • Medical incision drains — Hemovac drains; Jackson-Pratt drains
  • Medical oxygen masks or parts — Oxygen masks
  • Medical oxygen tubing or connectors — Oxygen tubing
  • Medical suction or vacuum appliances — Gastric suction equipment; Intubation suctioning kits
  • Medical syringe without needle — Syringes
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Ultrasonic Doppler equipment
  • Mercury blood pressure units — Mercury blood pressure measuring equipment
  • Nasogastric tubes — Flexible nasogastric tubes
  • Nebulizer or accessories — Electronic compressor nebulizers; Nebulizers; Portable nebulizers; Ultrasonic nebulizers (see all 6 examples)
  • Needle protectors — Safety needles
  • Needleless intravenous injection syringe set or injection cannula — Needleless intraveneous IV sets
  • Needleless vial or bag withdrawal cannulas or adapters or decanters — Needleless intravenous IV withdrawal equipment
  • Notebook computers
  • Orthopedic traction hardware or weights — Bucks extensions; Traction equipment; Traction weights
  • Ostomy appliances — Ostomy equipment
  • Oxygen therapy delivery system products accessories or its supplies — Oxygen supplies
  • Patient care beds or accessories for specialty care — Air fluidized beds; Circo-electric beds; Frames; Rotating bed
  • Patient controlled analgesia infusion pumps — Patient controlled analgesia PCA pumps
  • Patient lifts or accessories — Patient lifters
  • Patient shifting boards or accessories — Transfer boards
  • Patient stabilization or fall prevention devices or accessories — Ankle restraints; Gait belts; Lap belts; Restraints
  • Perfusion oxygen or hematocrit saturation monitors or accessories — Saturation of oxygen SaO2 monitors
  • Peripheral intravenous catheters for general use — Over-the-needle intravenous IV catheters; Through-the-needle intravenous IV catheters
  • Personal computers
  • Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters
  • Respiratory monitoring kits or its accessories — Non-invasive cardio respiratory monitors; Respiration monitors
  • Restraint straps or buckles or accessories or supplies — Safety belts; Wheelchair belts
  • Restraint vests and jackets — Posey vests; Safety jackets; Safety vests
  • Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies — Handheld spirometers; Personal computer PC-based spirometers; Pocket spirometers; Pulmonary function testing PFT equipment (see all 6 examples)
  • Suture removal kits or trays or packs or sets — Suture removal kits
  • Tablet computers
  • Therapeutic heating or cooling blankets or drapes — Hyper/hypothermia blankets
  • Tourniquets
  • Tracheostomy tubes — Tracheotomy tubes
  • Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation units — Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation TENS equipment
  • Tuberculin syringes — Tuberculin TB skin test equipment
  • Urinary catheterization kit — Urinary catheters
  • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Evacuated blood collection tubes
  • Vascular or compression apparel or support — Pneumatic boots
  • Walkers or rollators — Walkers
  • Walking braces
  • Wheelchairs

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Knowledge

  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
  • Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  • Clerical — Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

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Skills

  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
  • Negotiation — Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.

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Abilities

  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.

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Work Activities

  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Record patient medical histories.
  • Administer intravenous medications.
  • Monitor patient conditions during treatments, procedures, or activities.
  • Administer basic health care or medical treatments.
  • Apply bandages, dressings, or splints.
  • Measure the physical or physiological attributes of patients.
  • Collaborate with healthcare professionals to plan or provide treatment.
  • Supervise patient care personnel.
  • Analyze quantitative data to determine effectiveness of treatments or therapies.
  • Sterilize medical equipment or instruments.
  • Assist patients with hygiene or daily living activities.
  • Maintain medical facility records.
  • Perform clerical work in medical settings.
  • Schedule patient procedures or appointments.
  • Train patients, family members, or caregivers in techniques for managing disabilities or illnesses.
  • Prepare medical supplies or equipment for use.
  • Operate diagnostic or therapeutic medical instruments or equipment.
  • Collect biological specimens from patients.
  • Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members.
  • Prepare patients physically for medical procedures.
  • Test biological specimens to gather information about patient conditions.
  • Maintain inventory of medical supplies or equipment.
  • Manage preparation of special meals or diets.
  • Order medical supplies or equipment.
  • Clean medical equipment or facilities.
  • Assist healthcare practitioners during examinations or treatments.
  • Treat patients using physical therapy techniques.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 95% responded “Every day.”
  • Contact With Others — 90% responded “Constant contact with others.”
  • Telephone — 84% responded “Every day.”
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 81% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 87% responded “Every day.”
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 80% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Physical Proximity — 69% responded “Very close (near touching).”
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 51% responded “A lot of freedom.”
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 67% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Time Pressure — 69% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 71% responded “Every day.”
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 50% responded “Some freedom.”
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 60% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 46% responded “Very important results.”
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 45% responded “Very high responsibility.”
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 72% responded “Every day.”
  • Deal With External Customers — 53% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 35% responded “Extremely important.”
  • Spend Time Standing — 37% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Consequence of Error — 47% responded “Extremely serious.”
  • Letters and Memos — 48% responded “Every day.”
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 56% responded “Every day.”
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 51% responded “More than half the time.”
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 51% responded “Every day.”
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 33% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
  • Deal With Physically Aggressive People — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.”

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, nannies, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
43   Post-secondary certificate Help
35   Some college, no degree
20   Associate's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: SR

  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2016) $21.20 hourly, $44,090 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2016) 725,000 employees
Projected growth (2016-2026) Faster than average (10% to 14%) Faster than average (10% to 14%)
Projected job openings (2016-2026) 62,700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2016)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 wage data external site and 2016-2026 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2016-2026). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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