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Summary Report for:
35-2012.00 - Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria

Prepare and cook large quantities of food for institutions, such as schools, hospitals, or cafeterias.

Sample of reported job titles: Cafeteria Cook, Chef, Cook, Dietary Cook, Dinner Cook, Food Service Specialist, Food Service Worker, Prep Cook (Preparatory Cook), School Cook, Sous Chef

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Monitor and record food temperatures to ensure food safety. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cook foodstuffs according to menus, special dietary or nutritional restrictions, or numbers of portions to be served. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Rotate and store food supplies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Wash pots, pans, dishes, utensils, or other cooking equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Apportion and serve food to facility residents, employees, or patrons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and inspect galley equipment, kitchen appliances, and work areas to ensure cleanliness and functional operation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean, cut, and cook meat, fish, or poultry. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct activities of one or more workers who assist in preparing and serving meals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Train new employees. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Take inventory of supplies and equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Requisition food supplies, kitchen equipment, and appliances, based on estimates of future needs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Bake breads, rolls, or other pastries. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor use of government food commodities to ensure that proper procedures are followed. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan menus that are varied, nutritionally balanced, and appetizing, taking advantage of foods in season and local availability. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Monitor menus and spending to ensure that meals are prepared economically. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compile and maintain records of food use and expenditures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine meal prices, based on calculations of ingredient prices. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Technology Skills

  • Analytical or scientific software — GNOME Gnutrition See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software Hot technology ; Meals Plus See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Point of sale POS software — PCS Revenue Control Systems FASTRAK School Meal Software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — IBM Lotus 1-2-3; Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Blast freezers — Blast chillers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cappuccino or espresso machines — Cappuccino makers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Carbonated beverage dispenser — Carbonated beverage dispensers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cash registers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use barbeque ovens — Braziers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use blenders — Blenders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use broilers — Broilers; Salamanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use coffee grinders — Commercial coffee grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use coffee or iced tea makers — Commercial coffeemakers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use combination oven — Commercial use combination ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use convection ovens — Commercial kitchen convection ovens; Convection ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use cutlery — Chefs' knives; Oyster knives; Paring knives; Serrated blade knives (see all 6 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use deep fryers — Electric deep-fat fryers; Gas-powered deep-fat fryers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use dishwashers — Commercial dishwashers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food choppers or cubers or dicers — Food dicers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food grinders — Meat grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food processors — Food processors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food slicers — Bread slicers; Food slicers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use food warmers — Steam tables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use graters — Box graters; Food shredders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use griddles — Griddles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use grills — Grills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use heat lamps — Infrared heat lamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use high pressure steamers — Pressurized steam cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use hot dog grills — Hot dog cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use juicers — Juice extractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use microwave ovens — Commercial microwave ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use mixers — Commercial stand mixers; Mixers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ovens — Conveyor ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use pasta machines — Pasta machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use pizza ovens — Pizza ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use ranges — Electric stoves; Gas stoves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rice cookers — Rice cookers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use rotisseries — Rotisserie ovens See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use scales — Portion scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use steamers — Commercial kitchen steamers; Steam kettles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use toasters — Toasters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use waffle irons — Waffle makers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Commercial use woks — Woks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic apple corer — Apple corers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic double boilers — Double boilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic electric skillets — Tilt skillets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic garbage disposals — Disposal units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic garnishing tools — Parisian cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen or food thermometers — Meat thermometers; Refrigerator thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic kitchen tongs — Kitchen tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic knife sharpeners — Knife sharpeners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic mandolin — Mandolines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic sifter — Sifters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic strainers or colanders — Sieves; Strainers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic trash compactors — Garbage compactors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Domestic whipped cream maker — Cream whippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fire blankets — Fire suppression blankets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fire extinguishers — Kitchen fire extinguishers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice cream machines — Commercial ice cream machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice dispensers — Ice-making machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ice shaver machines or accessories — Ice shaving or crushing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Non carbonated beverage dispenser — Juice dispensers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Point of sale POS terminal — Point of sale POS computer terminals See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Touch screen monitors See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Food Production — Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Monitor food services operations to ensure procedures are followed. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect facilities, equipment or supplies to ensure conformance to standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cook foods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain food, beverage, or equipment inventories. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean tableware. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Move equipment, supplies or food to required locations. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Store supplies or goods in kitchens or storage areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean food preparation areas, facilities, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut cooked or raw foods. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare foods for cooking or serving. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Serve food or beverages. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinate activities of food service staff. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan menu options. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Train food preparation or food service personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prepare breads or doughs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine prices for menu items. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 79% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 77% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 90% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 67% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 83% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 70% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 71% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 42% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 49% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 40% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 38% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 66% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 54% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 44% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 36% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 45% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 36% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 27% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 32% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 32% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 35% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, counter and rental clerks, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
71   High school diploma or equivalent Help
14   Post-secondary certificate Help
7   Bachelor's degree

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Find Licenses Apprenticeship.gov

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Interests

Interest code: RC   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2018) $12.91 hourly, $26,860 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2018) 419,000 employees
Projected growth (2018-2028) Average (4% to 6%) Average (4% to 6%)
Projected job openings (2018-2028) 62,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2018)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data external site and 2018-2028 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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