Summary Report for:
45-2092.00 - Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse
Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.
Sample of reported job titles: Farm Laborer, Field Irrigation Worker, Gardener, Greenhouse Worker, Grower, Harvester, Nursery Worker, Orchard Worker, Picker, Propagation Worker
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Harvest plants, and transplant or pot and label them.
- Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.
- Set up and operate irrigation equipment.
- Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment.
- Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.
- Clean work areas, and maintain grounds and landscaping.
- Sell and deliver plants and flowers to customers.
- Sow grass seed, or plant plugs of grass.
- Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress.
- Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting.
- Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers.
- Regulate greenhouse conditions, and indoor and outdoor irrigation systems.
- Cut, roll, and stack sod.
- Feel plants' leaves and note their coloring to detect the presence of insects or disease.
- Provide information and advice to the public regarding the selection, purchase, and care of products.
- Maintain and repair irrigation and climate control systems.
- Dig, cut, and transplant seedlings, cuttings, trees, and shrubs.
- Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs.
- Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures.
- Maintain inventory, ordering materials as required.
- Record information about plants and plant growth.
- Dig, rake, and screen soil, filling cold frames and hot beds in preparation for planting.
- Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops.
- Inspect plants and bud ties to assess quality.
- Trap and destroy pests, such as moles, gophers, and mice, using pesticides.
- Move containerized shrubs, plants, and trees, using wheelbarrows or tractors.
- Tie and bunch flowers, plants, shrubs, and trees, wrap their roots, and pack them into boxes to fill orders.
- Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities.
- Haul and spread topsoil, fertilizer, peat moss, and other materials to condition soil, using wheelbarrows or carts and shovels.
- Plant, spray, weed, fertilize, water, and prune plants, shrubs, and trees, using gardening tools.
- Data base user interface and query software — BCL Landview Systems WinCrop; Farm Works Software Trac
- Electronic mail software — IBM Lotus Notes
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Mobile location based services software — Global positioning system GPS software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable hand wrenches
- Agricultural rollers — Bed formers; Bed rollers; Drum rollers
- Agricultural tractors — Multipurpose tractors; Tractors
- Air compressors
- Air dryers — Seed dryers
- All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
- Axes — Pick axes
- Battery chargers — Battery booster cables; Portable battery chargers
- Battery testers — Battery power testers
- Broadcast spreaders — Garden hand seeders; Mulch spreaders; Rotary spreaders; Sand spreaders
- Calipers — Digital calipers; Tree calipers
- Cargo trucks — Grain trucks; Tractor-trailers
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Cleaning machines for seed or grain or dried leguminous vegetables — Seed tumblers
- Coiled tubing injector heads — Siphon proportioners
- Combine harvesters
- Compasses — Drafting compasses
- Conveyor screw — Feed conveyors
- Counters — Hand tallies
- Cultivators — Garden cultivators; Rotary tillers; Soil cultivators
- Desktop computers
- Digging bars — Bulb planters; Tree feeding augers; Tree planting bars
- Disks — Disk tillage equipment
- Dump trucks
- Dusters — Garden dusters
- Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Drop spreaders; Fertilizer injectors; Fertilizer spreaders
- Forestry increment borers — Increment borers
- Forestry saws — Pruning shears
- Forklifts — Field forklifts
- Gas generators — Portable generators
- Gas masks — Canister gas masks
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers
- Goggles — Safety goggles
- Grease guns
- Greenhouse irrigation equipment — Greenhouse irrigation systems
- Greenhouse ventilation equipment — Carbon dioxide systems; Greenhouse ventilation systems; Humidifiers; Humidity systems
- Grinding machines — Chain saw sharpeners
- Grinding wheels — Knife sharpeners
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hammers — Nail hammers
- Hand sprayers — Hand held sprayers; Hose-end sprayers; Tree marking guns
- Hand trucks or accessories — Hand trucks; Handtrucks
- Handheld thermometer — Soil thermometers
- Harvesters — Corn pickers; Soybean harvesters
- Haymaking machinery — Hay balers; Hay rakes; Haybines
- Hedge clippers — Hedge shears; Power hedge trimmers
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches
- High branch shears — Pole pruners
- Hoes — Garden hoes
- Industrial funnels — Funnels
- Integrated tool carriers — Pipe trailers
- Irrigation overheads — Field watering systems
- Irrigation trickles — Drip emitters
- Label making tapes — Tie tape machines
- Ladders — Step ladders
- Lawnmowers — Reel mowers; Vertical mowers
- Levels — Digital levels
- Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Pickup trucks
- Locking pliers — Mole grips
- Masks or accessories — Dust masks
- Measuring rods — Tree scale sticks
- Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels
- Moisture meters — Soil moisture meters
- Mowers — Rotary mowers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Open end wrenches
- Paint brushes — Paint application brushes
- Paint sprayers — Paint application sprayers
- pH meters — Soil pH meters
- Picks — Mattocks
- Pipe or tube cutter — Tube cutters
- Planters — Crop planters; Planting augers
- Ploughs — Plows
- Pocket calculator — Handheld calculators
- Pollination equipment or supplies — Detasselers
- Post hole digger — Post hole diggers; Stake drivers
- Power blowers
- Power drills — Hand drills; Portable electric drills
- Power saws — Chain saws
- Power trimmers — String trimmers
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Pressure washers
- Protective coveralls — Spray suits
- Pry bars — Wrecking bars
- Pull spring balances — Hanging spring scales
- Putty knives
- Rakes — Garden bow rakes; Leaf rakes
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Rulers — Measuring rules
- Saws — Arborist saws; Bow saws; Compass saws; Pruning saws
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers; Slotted screwdrivers; Straight screwdrivers
- Secateurs or pruning shears — Grass shears; Loppers; Root pruning scissors; Thorn strippers (see all 13 examples)
- Seed drills
- Seeder attachment — Hydromulchers
- Sharpening stones or tools or kits — Sharpening stones
- Shovels — Round point shovels; Square point shovels
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soil core sampling apparatus — Soil augers; Soil sampling tubes
- Spades — Garden spades; Garden spading forks
- Sprayers — Compressed air sprayers; Pesticide sprayers
- Staple guns
- Stationary separation equipment or parts or screens — Screen separators
- Surface thermometers — Indoor/outdoor thermometers
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes; Tree diameter tapes
- Threshing machines — Threshers
- Trowels — Transplanting trowels
- Utility knives — Bench grafting knives; Budding knives; Pruning knives; Rose budding knives (see all 6 examples)
- Water sprinklers — Impulse sprinklers; Oscillating sprinklers
- Wood chisels
No knowledge met the minimum score.
No skills met the minimum score.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Detailed Work Activities
- Transport animals, crops, or equipment.
- Sell agricultural products.
- Plant crops, trees, or other plants.
- Harvest agricultural products.
- Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification.
- Confer with managers to make operational decisions.
- Operate irrigation systems.
- Direct activities of agricultural, forestry, or fishery employees.
- Examine characteristics or behavior of living organisms.
- Package agricultural products for shipment or further processing.
- Evaluate quality of plants or crops.
- Operate farming equipment.
- Advise others on farming or forestry operations, regulations, or equipment.
- Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment.
- Build agricultural structures.
- Cut trees or logs.
- Maintain operational records.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Prepare land for agricultural use.
- Sort forestry or agricultural materials.
- Capture or kill animals.
- Clean equipment or facilities.
- Load agricultural or forestry products for shipment.
- Perform manual agricultural, aquacultural, or horticultural tasks.
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
- Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — How often does this job require working outdoors, exposed to all weather conditions?
- Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
- Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — How often does this job require working in very hot (above 90 F degrees) or very cold (below 32 F degrees) temperatures?
- Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)?
- Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
- Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?
- Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in non-controlled environmental conditions (e.g., warehouse without heat)?
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
- In an Open Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in an open vehicle or equipment (e.g., tractor)?
- Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — How often does this job require working in a closed vehicle or equipment (e.g., car)?
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — How much does this job require bending or twisting your body?
|Title||Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed|
|Education||Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.|
|Related Experience||Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations involve following instructions and helping others. Examples include food preparation workers, dishwashers, sewing machine operators, landscaping and groundskeeping workers, logging equipment operators, and baristas.|
|SVP Range||(Below 4.0)|
Interest code: RC Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2020)||$13.78 hourly, $28,660 annual|
|Employment (2019)||566,500 employees|
|Projected growth (2019-2029)||Average (3% to 4%)|
|Projected job openings (2019-2029)||85,800|
|Top industries (2019)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2019-2029 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.