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Summary Report for:
45-4023.00 - Log Graders and Scalers

Grade logs or estimate the marketable content or value of logs or pulpwood in sorting yards, millpond, log deck, or similar locations. Inspect logs for defects or measure logs to determine volume.

Sample of reported job titles: Inspector, Log Buyer, Log Check Scaler, Log Grader, Log Scaler, Log Yard Manager, Lumber Grader, Procurement Forester, Scaler, Timber Buyer

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Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Evaluate log characteristics and determine grades, using established criteria. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record data about individual trees or load volumes into tally books or hand-held collection terminals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure felled logs or loads of pulpwood to calculate volume, weight, dimensions, and marketable value, using measuring devices and conversion tables. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Paint identification marks of specified colors on logs to identify grades or species, using spray cans, or call out grades to log markers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Jab logs with metal ends of scale sticks, and inspect logs to ascertain characteristics or defects such as water damage, splits, knots, broken ends, rotten areas, twists, and curves. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Identify logs of substandard or special grade so that they can be returned to shippers, regraded, recut, or transferred for other processing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Arrange for hauling of logs to appropriate mill sites. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Weigh log trucks before and after unloading, and record load weights and supplier identities. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure log lengths and mark boles for bucking into logs, according to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Communicate with coworkers by using signals to direct log movement. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Drive to sawmills, wharfs, or skids to inspect logs or pulpwood. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Saw felled trees into lengths. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Tend conveyor chains that move logs to and from scaling stations. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Technology Skills

  • Inventory management software — Atterbury Consultants SuperACE/FLIPS See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Log calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Crayons — Lumber crayons See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electronic counters — Log counters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hard hats — Forestry hard hats See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hatchets — Single-bit hatchets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Infrared imagers — Light curtains See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — 3D laser scanning systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring rods — Tree scale sticks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring tapes — Logger tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Measuring wheels for distance — Digital measuring wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Moisture meters — Wood moisture meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers — Laptop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pocket calculator — Hand calculators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Portable data input terminals — Handheld computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Chain saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses — Forestry safety glasses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety horns — Safety whistles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Truck or rail scales — Log truck scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • X ray radiography examination equipment — X-ray log scanners See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Number Facility — The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Evaluate log quality. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record agricultural or forestry inventory data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure physical characteristics of forestry or agricultural products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark agricultural or forestry products for identification. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Direct material handling or moving activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate with other workers to coordinate activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut trees or logs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate forestry equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 99% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 95% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 78% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 69% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 71% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 62% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 52% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 43% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 50% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 47% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 41% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 44% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 36% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 36% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 32% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 33% responded “About half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 26% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 30% responded “Moderate responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 35% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — 38% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 34% responded “Fairly serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 36% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 41% responded “Never.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 30% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 27% responded “Limited responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Education These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
Related Experience Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
Job Training Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, counter and rental clerks, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.
SVP Range (4.0 to < 6.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
64   High school diploma or equivalent Help
12   Some college, no degree
11   Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

Find Licenses Apprenticeship.gov

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Interests

Interest code: RC   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2018) $18.38 hourly, $38,220 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2018) 5,000 employees
Projected growth (2018-2028) Decline (-2% or lower) Decline (-2% or lower)
Projected job openings (2018-2028) 700
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2018)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2018 wage data external site and 2018-2028 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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