Summary Report for:
47-2081.00 - Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
Apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of buildings. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Materials may be of decorative quality. Includes lathers who fasten wooden, metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings, or partitions of buildings to provide support base for plaster, fireproofing, or acoustical material.
Sample of reported job titles: Ceiling Installer, Dry Wall Installer, Drywall Finisher, Drywall Hanger, Drywall Installer, Drywall Mechanic, Drywaller, Exterior Interior Specialist, Metal Framer, Metal Stud Framer
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Read blueprints or other specifications to determine methods of installation, work procedures, or material or tool requirements.
- Measure and mark surfaces to lay out work, according to blueprints or drawings, using tape measures, straightedges or squares, and marking devices.
- Fit and fasten wallboard or drywall into position on wood or metal frameworks, using glue, nails, or screws.
- Measure and cut openings in panels or tiles for electrical outlets, windows, vents, plumbing, or other fixtures, using keyhole saws or other cutting tools.
- Assemble or install metal framing or decorative trim for windows, doorways, or vents.
- Cut metal or wood framing and trim to size, using cutting tools.
- Inspect furrings, mechanical mountings, or masonry surfaces for plumbness and level, using spirit or water levels.
- Cut fixture or border tiles to size, using keyhole saws, and insert them into surrounding frameworks.
- Cut and screw together metal channels to make floor or ceiling frames, according to plans for the location of rooms or hallways.
- Hang drywall panels on metal frameworks of walls and ceilings in offices, schools, or other large buildings, using lifts or hoists to adjust panel heights, when necessary.
- Trim rough edges from wallboard to maintain even joints, using knives.
- Suspend angle iron grids or channel irons from ceilings, using wire.
- Coordinate work with drywall finishers who cover the seams between drywall panels.
- Install horizontal and vertical metal or wooden studs to frames so that wallboard can be attached to interior walls.
- Scribe and cut edges of tile to fit walls where wall molding is not specified.
- Hang dry lines to wall moldings to guide positioning of main runners.
- Fasten metal or rockboard lath to the structural framework of walls, ceilings, or partitions of buildings, using nails, screws, staples, or wire-ties.
- Install blanket insulation between studs and tack plastic moisture barriers over insulation.
- Seal joints between ceiling tiles and walls.
- Remove existing plaster, drywall, or paneling, using crowbars and hammers.
- Apply or mount acoustical tile or blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings or walls of buildings to reduce reflection of sound or to decorate rooms.
- Mount tile, using adhesives, or by nailing, screwing, stapling, or wire-tying lath directly to structural frameworks.
- Nail channels or wood furring strips to surfaces to provide mounting for tile.
- Install metal lath where plaster applications will be exposed to weather or water, or for curved or irregular surfaces.
- Accounting software — Job costing software
- Data base user interface and query software — Business management software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows ; Palm OS
- Optical character reader OCR or scanning software — Logic Group Scanner Digitizing Software
- Project management software — Construction Software Center EasyEst; DevWave Estimate Works; On Center Quick Bid; Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word ; Wilhelm Publishing Threshold
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Air compressors
- Caulking guns
- Chalk lines
- Glue guns — Adhesive guns
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hammers — Crowhead hammers; Drywall hammers
- Hand sprayers — Pistol hopper guns; Texture guns; Texture sprayers
- Hatchets — Drywall hatchets
- Hole saws — Circle cutters
- Jacks — Drywall jacks
- Ladders — Stilts
- Laser printers
- Levels — Box beam levels; Torpedo levels
- Lifts — Drywall lifts; Mini lifters; Roll lifters
- Miter saw — Chop saws
- Notebook computers
- Pad or keyhole saw — Keyhole saws
- Paint brushes — Texture brushes
- Personal computers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Plaster or mortar mixers — Drywall mud mixers; Fan blade mixers
- Power drills
- Power routers — Drywall routers
- Power sanders — Pole sanders; Power hand sanders; Rotary sanders
- Power saws — Saber saws
- Power screwguns — Drywall screw guns
- Putty knives — Corner knives; Joint knives; Taping knives; Wipe-down knives (see all 5 examples)
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety harnesses
- Saws — Drywall ripping tools; Drywall saws; Wallboard saws
- Screwdrivers — Drywall screwdrivers
- Scribers — Drywall scoring tools
- Spatulas — Wall scrapers
- Staple guns — Heavy duty staple guns
- T squares — Drywall T-squares; Wallboard T-squares
- Tablet computers
- Tape guide — Automatic taping tools
- Tape measures
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Trowels — Bullnose trowels; Drywall trowels; Inside corner trowels; Outside corner trowels
- Utility knives — Edge cutters; Trimming knives
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing.
- Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Detailed Work Activities
- Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.
- Mark reference points on construction materials.
- Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly.
- Install building fixtures.
- Cut openings in existing structures.
- Install trim or paneling.
- Install masonry materials.
- Cut metal components for installation.
- Cut tile, stone, or other masonry materials.
- Cut wood components for installation.
- Verify alignment of structures or equipment.
- Install metal structural components.
- Operate cranes, hoists, or other moving or lifting equipment.
- Trim excess material from installations.
- Coordinate construction project activities.
- Install wooden structural components.
- Apply material to fill gaps in surfaces.
- Install insulation in equipment or structures.
- Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas.
- Apply mortar.
- Clean surfaces in preparation for work activities.
- Spend Time Standing — 86% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 77% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 72% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 52% responded “Extremely important.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 62% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 44% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 41% responded “More than half the time.”
- Telephone — 48% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 36% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 45% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 38% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
- Time Pressure — 34% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Contact With Others — 33% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 42% responded “Very important results.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 29% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 47% responded “Important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 36% responded “High responsibility.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 52% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — 41% responded “More than half the time.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 44% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 53% responded “Moderately competitive.”
- Exposed to High Places — 46% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 34% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 26% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 35% responded “Fairly important.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 29% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 38% responded “Less than half the time.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include orderlies, counter and rental clerks, customer service representatives, security guards, upholsterers, and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
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- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Self-Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2020)||$22.82 hourly, $47,460 annual|
|Employment (2020)||121,200 employees|
|Projected growth (2020-2030)||Slower than average (1% to 5%)|
|Projected job openings (2020-2030)||10,700|
|Top industries (2020)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2020-2030 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Associated Builders and Contractors
- Association of the Wall and Ceiling Industry
- Finishing Trades Institute International
- National Association of Home Builders
- National Center for Construction Education and Research
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers
- United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America