Summary Report for:
49-2094.00 - Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment
Repair, test, adjust, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas.
Sample of reported job titles: Control Technician, Electrical and Instrument Mechanic, Electrical and Instrument Technician (E&I Tech), Electrical Maintenance Technician, Electrical Technician, I&C Tech (Instrument and Control Technician), Instrument and Electrical Technician (I&E Tech), Repair Technician, Service Technician, Technical Support Specialist
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Test faulty equipment to diagnose malfunctions, using test equipment or software, and applying knowledge of the functional operation of electronic units and systems.
- Study blueprints, schematics, manuals, or other specifications to determine installation procedures.
- Repair or adjust equipment, machines, or defective components, replacing worn parts, such as gaskets or seals in watertight electrical equipment.
- Maintain equipment logs that record performance problems, repairs, calibrations, or tests.
- Inspect components of industrial equipment for accurate assembly and installation or for defects, such as loose connections or frayed wires.
- Perform scheduled preventive maintenance tasks, such as checking, cleaning, or repairing equipment, to detect and prevent problems.
- Calibrate testing instruments and installed or repaired equipment to prescribed specifications.
- Examine work orders and converse with equipment operators to detect equipment problems and to ascertain whether mechanical or human errors contributed to the problems.
- Set up and test industrial equipment to ensure that it functions properly.
- Operate equipment to demonstrate proper use or to analyze malfunctions.
- Coordinate efforts with other workers involved in installing or maintaining equipment or components.
- Consult with customers, supervisors, or engineers to plan layout of equipment or to resolve problems in system operation or maintenance.
- Enter information into computer to copy program or to draw, modify, or store schematics, applying knowledge of software package used.
- Maintain inventory of spare parts.
- Install repaired equipment in various settings, such as industrial or military establishments.
- Develop or modify industrial electronic devices, circuits, or equipment, according to available specifications.
- Send defective units to the manufacturer or to a specialized repair shop for repair.
- Determine feasibility of using standardized equipment or develop specifications for equipment required to perform additional functions.
- Advise management regarding customer satisfaction, product performance, or suggestions for product improvements.
- Analytical or scientific software — Circuit evaluation software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP Maintenance
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS; Maintenance management software
- Industrial control software — Programmable logic controller PLC software
- Internet browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
- Program testing software — Rockwell RSLogix
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Anti static floor mats — Rubber insulating mats
- Antistatic maintenance kits — Static proof dust cleaners
- Articulating boom lift — Lift trucks
- Automatic soldering machine — Desoldering stations; Soldering stations
- Battery testers — Load testers
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment
- Blow torch — Cutting torches
- Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — Ground resistance testers; Wheatstone bridges
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Chart recorders
- Circuit tester — Growlers; Light fixture testers
- Circuit tracers — Wire tracers
- Cold chisels
- Conduit benders — Power conduit benders
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Side cross cutters
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Digital Signal Processor DSP — Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA equipment
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Drilling machines — Drill presses
- Electrical frequency meters — Frequency meters
- Electrical resistance or conductance sensors — Ground testers
- Feeler gauges
- Fiber optic fault locators
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Frequency calibrator or simulator — Signal analyzers
- Fuse pullers
- Gas generators — Generators
- Grounding hardware — Clamp sticks; Ground straps; Temporary protective grounds
- Hacksaw — Electric hacksaws; Hacksaws
- Heat tracing equipment — Infrared thermometers
- Hex keys
- High voltage cable detection — Cable locating meters; Hotsticks
- Hole saws
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic boom trucks; Hydraulic booms
- Impact wrenches
- Insulation testers
- Laser printers
- Light bulb changer — Bulb extractors
- Lightmeters — Light meters
- Linemans pliers — Lineman's pliers
- Locking pliers — Slide lock pliers
- Luxmeters — Lumen meters
- Manlift or personnel lift — Manlifts; Personnel lifts
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC; Proportional integral derivative PID controllers; Teach pendants
- Needlenose pliers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers
- Oscilloscopes — Scope meters
- Personal computers
- Phasemeters — Phase rotation meters
- Pipe bending tools — Hydraulic pipe benders; Pipe benders; Polyvinyl chloride PVC benders
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
- Platform lift — Staging equipment
- Plotter printers — Plotters
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Bead blasters; Sandblasters
- Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices
- Power blowers — Air blowers
- Power drills
- Power grinders
- Power saws — Cement cutters
- Power screwguns — Power screwdrivers
- Protective gloves — Rubber insulating gloves
- Pullers — Comealongs
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches; Screw starters
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses; Safety lines
- Signal generators — Function generators
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering irons
- Specialty wrenches — Spline key wrenches
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding equipment; Tack welding equipment
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Tape measures
- Terminations — Termination tools
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Threading taps
- Torque wrenches
- Touch pads — Touch screens
- Track cranes — Overhead cranes
- Two way radios
- Utility knives
- Voltage or current meters — High-voltage detectors; Low voltage detectors; Test lamps; Voltmeters (see all 5 examples)
- Winches — Cable winches; Wire winches
- Wire lug crimping tool — Wire crimpers
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Physics — Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Installation — Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
- Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures.
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
Detailed Work Activities
- Test electrical equipment or systems to ensure proper functioning.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Inspect equipment to locate or identify electrical problems.
- Maintain work equipment or machinery.
- Confer with coworkers to resolve equipment problems.
- Calibrate equipment to specifications.
- Read work orders or descriptions of problems to determine repairs or modifications needed.
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Communicate with coworkers to coordinate installations or repairs.
- Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
- Enter codes or other information into computers.
- Install electrical components, equipment, or systems.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Develop equipment or component configurations.
- Advise others on issues related to repairs, installation, or equipment design.
- Determine types of equipment, tools, or materials needed for jobs.
- Document operational activities.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 94% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 78% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 80% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 62% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 74% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 52% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 45% responded “Extremely important.”
- Electronic Mail — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 24% responded “More than half the time.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 43% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 47% responded “Very important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 31% responded “High responsibility.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 37% responded “Important results.”
- Letters and Memos — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 37% responded “Limited responsibility.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 66% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 46% responded “Important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Time Pressure — 31% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 54% responded “Fairly important.”
- Level of Competition — 25% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Spend Time Sitting — 35% responded “More than half the time.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 34% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: RIC Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2019)||$28.51 hourly, $59,300 annual|
|Employment (2018)||61,300 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Little or no change (-1% to 1%)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||5,400|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Aircraft Electronics Association
- American Society for Quality
- International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
- International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
- International Society of Automation
- National Business Aviation Association
- NCSL International
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Electrical and electronics installers and repairers