Summary Report for:
49-2094.00 - Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment
Repair, test, adjust, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas.
Sample of reported job titles: Control Technician, E and I Mechanic (Electrical and Instrument Mechanic), E and I Mechanic (Electrical and Instrumentation Mechanic), Electrical and Instrument Technician (E and I Tech), Electrical Maintenance Technician, Electronic Technician, I and C Tech (Instrument and Control Technician), Instrument and Electrical Technician (I and E Tech), Repair Technician, Scale Technician
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Test faulty equipment to diagnose malfunctions, using test equipment or software, and applying knowledge of the functional operation of electronic units and systems.
- Maintain equipment logs that record performance problems, repairs, calibrations, or tests.
- Set up and test industrial equipment to ensure that it functions properly.
- Inspect components of industrial equipment for accurate assembly and installation or for defects, such as loose connections or frayed wires.
- Install repaired equipment in various settings, such as industrial or military establishments.
- Operate equipment to demonstrate proper use or to analyze malfunctions.
- Enter information into computer to copy program or to draw, modify, or store schematics, applying knowledge of software package used.
- Perform scheduled preventive maintenance tasks, such as checking, cleaning, or repairing equipment, to detect and prevent problems.
- Calibrate testing instruments and installed or repaired equipment to prescribed specifications.
- Repair or adjust equipment, machines, or defective components, replacing worn parts, such as gaskets or seals in watertight electrical equipment.
- Consult with customers, supervisors, or engineers to plan layout of equipment or to resolve problems in system operation or maintenance.
- Maintain inventory of spare parts.
- Study blueprints, schematics, manuals, or other specifications to determine installation procedures.
- Examine work orders and converse with equipment operators to detect equipment problems and to ascertain whether mechanical or human errors contributed to the problems.
- Coordinate efforts with other workers involved in installing or maintaining equipment or components.
- Develop or modify industrial electronic devices, circuits, or equipment, according to available specifications.
- Determine feasibility of using standardized equipment or develop specifications for equipment required to perform additional functions.
- Advise management regarding customer satisfaction, product performance, or suggestions for product improvements.
- Send defective units to the manufacturer or to a specialized repair shop for repair.
- Sign overhaul documents for equipment replaced or repaired.
- Analytical or scientific software — Circuit evaluation software
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD
- Data base user interface and query software — Database software
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP Maintenance
- Facilities management software — Computerized maintenance management system CMMS; Maintenance management software
- Industrial control software — Programmable logic controller PLC software
- Internet browser software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Operating system software — Microsoft Windows
- Program testing software — Rockwell RSLogix
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Anti static floor mats — Rubber insulating mats
- Antistatic maintenance kits — Static proof dust cleaners
- Articulating boom lift — Lift trucks
- Automatic soldering machine — Desoldering stations; Soldering stations
- Battery testers — Load testers
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment
- Blow torch — Cutting torches
- Calibrated resistance measuring equipment — Ground resistance testers; Wheatstone bridges
- Calipers — Vernier calipers
- Chart recorders
- Circuit tester — Growlers; Light fixture testers
- Circuit tracers — Wire tracers
- Cold chisels
- Conduit benders — Power conduit benders
- Desktop computers
- Diagonal cut pliers — Side cross cutters
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Digital Signal Processor DSP — Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA equipment
- Drill bit set — Drill bit sets
- Drilling machines — Drill presses
- Electrical frequency meters — Frequency meters
- Electrical resistance or conductance sensors — Ground testers
- Feeler gauges
- Fiber optic fault locators
- Fish tape — Fish tapes
- Frequency calibrator or simulator — Signal analyzers
- Fuse pullers
- Gas generators — Generators
- Grounding hardware — Clamp sticks; Ground straps; Temporary protective grounds
- Hacksaw — Electric hacksaws; Hacksaws
- Heat tracing equipment — Infrared thermometers
- Hex keys
- High voltage cable detection — Cable locating meters; Hotsticks
- Hole saws
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic boom trucks; Hydraulic booms
- Impact wrenches
- Insulation testers
- Laser printers
- Light bulb changer — Bulb extractors
- Linemans pliers — Lineman's pliers
- Locking pliers — Slide lock pliers
- Lux or light meter — Light meters; Lumen meters
- Manlift or personnel lift — Manlifts; Personnel lifts
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC; Proportional integral derivative PID controllers; Teach pendants
- Needlenose pliers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Nut drivers
- Oscilloscopes — Scope meters
- Personal computers
- Phasemeters — Phase rotation meters
- Pipe bending tools — Hydraulic pipe benders; Pipe benders; Polyvinyl chloride PVC benders
- Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters
- Platform lift — Staging equipment
- Plotter printers — Plotters
- Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Bead blasters; Sandblasters
- Portable data input terminals — Computer diagnostic devices
- Power blowers — Air blowers
- Power drills
- Power grinders
- Power saws — Cement cutters
- Power screwguns — Power screwdrivers
- Protective gloves — Rubber insulating gloves
- Pullers — Comealongs
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Knockout punches; Punches; Screw starters
- Safety harnesses or belts — Safety belts; Safety harnesses; Safety lines
- Signal generators — Function generators
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering irons
- Specialty wrenches — Spline key wrenches
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding equipment; Tack welding equipment
- Stripping tools — Wire strippers
- Tape measures
- Terminations — Termination tools
- Threading die hand tool — Pipe threaders
- Threading taps
- Torque wrenches
- Touch pads — Touch screens
- Track cranes — Overhead cranes
- Two way radios
- Utility knives
- Voltage or current meters — High-voltage detectors; Low voltage detectors; Test lamps; Voltmeters (see all 5 examples)
- Winches — Cable winches; Wire winches
- Wire lug crimping tool — Wire crimpers
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Operations Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Working with Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Judging the Qualities of Objects, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Detailed Work Activities
- Test electrical equipment or systems to ensure proper functioning.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Inspect equipment to locate or identify electrical problems.
- Install electrical components, equipment, or systems.
- Demonstrate activity techniques or equipment use.
- Diagnose equipment malfunctions.
- Enter codes or other information into computers.
- Calibrate equipment to specifications.
- Maintain work equipment or machinery.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Confer with coworkers to resolve equipment problems.
- Confer with customers or users to assess problems.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
- Read work orders or descriptions of problems to determine repairs or modifications needed.
- Communicate with coworkers to coordinate installations or repairs.
- Develop equipment or component configurations.
- Document operational activities.
- Determine types of equipment, tools, or materials needed for jobs.
- Advise others on issues related to repairs, installation, or equipment design.
- Send information, materials or documentation.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 88% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
- Contact With Others — 69% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Electronic Mail — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 64% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 75% responded “Extremely important.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 46% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 37% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 23% responded “More than half the time.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 56% responded “40 hours.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 19% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Consequence of Error — 42% responded “Serious.”
- Physical Proximity — 29% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 16% responded “Minor results.”
- Telephone — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 21% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 42% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 18% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 38% responded “Very important.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 37% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 28% responded “More than half the time.”
- Time Pressure — 22% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 41% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 24% responded “High responsibility.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 41% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 13% responded “Every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: RIC Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Self-Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2020)||$29.81 hourly, $62,010 annual|
|Employment (2020)||56,400 employees|
|Projected growth (2020-2030)||Slower than average (1% to 5%)|
|Projected job openings (2020-2030)||4,700|
|Top industries (2020)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2020 wage data and 2020-2030 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2020-2030). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Aircraft Electronics Association
- American Society for Quality
- ETA International
- International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
- International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
- International Society of Automation
- International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians
- International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America
- National Business Aviation Association
- NCSL International
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Electrical and electronics installers and repairers