Summary Report for:
49-9041.00 - Industrial Machinery Mechanics
Repair, install, adjust, or maintain industrial production and processing machinery or refinery and pipeline distribution systems.
Sample of reported job titles: Fixer, Industrial Machinery Mechanic, Industrial Mechanic, Loom Fixer, Machine Adjuster, Maintenance Mechanic, Maintenance Technician, Master Mechanic, Mechanic, Overhauler
Tasks | Technology Skills | Tools Used | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Repair or maintain the operating condition of industrial production or processing machinery or equipment.
- Repair or replace broken or malfunctioning components of machinery or equipment.
- Disassemble machinery or equipment to remove parts and make repairs.
- Observe and test the operation of machinery or equipment to diagnose malfunctions, using voltmeters or other testing devices.
- Reassemble equipment after completion of inspections, testing, or repairs.
- Clean, lubricate, or adjust parts, equipment, or machinery.
- Examine parts for defects, such as breakage or excessive wear.
- Operate newly repaired machinery or equipment to verify the adequacy of repairs.
- Analyze test results, machine error messages, or information obtained from operators to diagnose equipment problems.
- Record parts or materials used and order or requisition new parts or materials, as necessary.
- Record repairs and maintenance performed.
- Study blueprints or manufacturers' manuals to determine correct installation or operation of machinery.
- Cut and weld metal to repair broken metal parts, fabricate new parts, or assemble new equipment.
- Enter codes and instructions to program computer-controlled machinery.
- Demonstrate equipment functions and features to machine operators.
- Computer aided design CAD software
- Computer aided manufacturing CAM software — Extranet Machine Tools Suite
- Data base user interface and query software — Data entry software ; Maintenance planning and control software
- Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook
- Enterprise resource planning ERP software — SAP
- Facilities management software — Maintenance management software
- Industrial control software — BIT Corp ProMACS PLC; KEYENCE PLC Ladder Logic; Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Air compressors
- Alignment jig — Alignment tools
- Anchor setting tools — Stud drivers
- Bench vises — Vises
- Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment
- Blow torch — Acetylene torches
- Boring machines — Boring tools
- Burnishing machine — Burnishing wheels
- Calipers — Dial calipers; Vernier instruments
- Catalytic combustion analyzers — Reciprocating machinery combustion analyzers
- Cold chisels — Airhammer chisels
- Combination wrenches
- Cutting die — Cutting dies
- Cutting machines
- Desktop computers
- Dollies — Equipment rollers
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses; Punch presses; Radial drills
- End cut pliers — Side cutting pliers
- Feeler gauges — Angled feeler gauges
- Flat hand file — Flat files
- Flowmeters — Flow meters
- Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Gas welding equipment
- Grease guns
- Grinders — Lapping wheels
- Half round file — Half-round files
- Hammers — Brass hammers
- Hand pumps
- Hand reamer — Reamers
- Height gauges — Gauges
- Hex keys — Allen wrenches; Hex wrenches
- Hoists — Chain falls; Chain hoists
- Horizontal turning center — Engine lathes; Turning lathes
- Hydraulic press brake — Hydraulic squeezers
- Impact wrenches — Power wrenches
- Induction heaters — Bearing heating ovens
- Laser measuring systems — Laser measuring equipment
- Laser printers
- Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels
- Levels — Level gauges; Precision levels
- Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers
- Magnetic tools — Magnetic retrievers
- Magnifiers — Alignment scopes
- Metal band sawing machine — Bandsaws
- Metal broaching machines — Broaching machines
- Metal cutters — Aviation snips
- Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders
- Microcontrollers — Programmable logic controllers PLC
- Micrometers — Inside micrometers; Outside micrometers
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Milling machines
- Needlenose pliers
- Personal computers
- Pipe or tube cutter — Flange facing machines
- Pipe wrenches
- Pitch measuring instruments — Screw pitch gauges
- Plasma arc welding machine — Plasma cutters
- Platform lift — Staging platforms
- Plumb bobs
- Pneumatic drill — Airpowered descaling drills
- Pneumatic hammer — Pneumatic hammers
- Pneumatic sanding machines — Airpowered descaling turbines; Sandblasters
- Positioning jig — Jigs
- Power drills
- Power grinders — Cylindrical grinders; Grinding wheels; Precision grinders
- Power sanders — Scalers
- Power saws
- Pressure indicators — Hydrostatic testers
- Pressure or steam cleaners — Steam cleaning equipment
- Pressure or vacuum recorders — Pressure gauges
- Profile projectors — Optical measuring equipment
- Pry bars — Pinchbars
- Pullers — Hydraulic pullers
- Punches or nail sets or drifts — Punches
- Putty knives
- Ratchets — Ratchet sets
- Rivet tools — Riveting tools
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Safety glasses — Welding lenses
- Saws — Handsaws
- Scissor lift or lift table — Scissor lifts
- Screwdrivers — Phillips head screwdrivers
- Shaper cutter — Shaping machines
- Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools
- Sledge hammer — Sledgehammers
- Slings — Rigging equipment
- Socket sets — Socket wrench sets
- Soldering iron — Soldering irons
- Spot welding machine — Portable welding equipment; Spot welders
- Squares — Cylindrical procedures squares; Precision squares
- Straight edges — Straightedges
- Strain gauges — Bearing bridge gauges
- Suction cups — Vacuum lifts
- Tachometers — Strobe tachometers
- Tape measures
- Taps — Metal cutting taps
- Telescoping gauge — Telescoping gauges
- Thickness measuring devices — Space gauges; Thickness gauges
- Threading dies — Pipe threaders
- Threading machine — Threading devices
- Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes
- Tube end finisher — Facing machines
- Tungsten carbide abrasive wheels — Emery wheels
- Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
- Utility knives
- Vacuum gauges
- Vibration testers — Vibration analyzers
- Voltage or current meters — Voltmeters
- Wedges — Steel wedges
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding masks — Welding shields
- Welding robots — Robotic teach pendants
- Welding tip dresser or accessories — Welding tip dressers
- Wire brushes — Electric rotary wire brushes; Rotating brushes
- Wire cutters
- Workshop cranes
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Equipment Selection — Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
Detailed Work Activities
- Disassemble equipment for maintenance or repair.
- Maintain work equipment or machinery.
- Repair worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Replace worn, damaged, or defective mechanical parts.
- Observe equipment in operation to detect potential problems.
- Test mechanical equipment to ensure proper functioning.
- Adjust equipment to ensure optimal performance.
- Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.
- Lubricate equipment to allow proper functioning.
- Reassemble equipment after repair.
- Inspect mechanical equipment to locate damage, defects, or wear.
- Analyze test or performance data to assess equipment operation.
- Order materials, supplies, or equipment.
- Record information about parts, materials or repair procedures.
- Maintain repair or maintenance records.
- Interpret blueprints, specifications, or diagrams to inform installation, development or operation activities.
- Cut materials according to specifications or needs.
- Operate welding equipment.
- Enter codes or other information into computers.
- Train others in operational procedures.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 82% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 93% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 69% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 71% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 51% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 67% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 43% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 50% responded “Very important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 42% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 44% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 61% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 56% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Time Pressure — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 44% responded “Very important.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 48% responded “Very important.”
- Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 38% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 36% responded “Very important results.”
- Physical Proximity — 52% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 39% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 34% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 37% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 37% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 42% responded “Every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 34% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 31% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Telephone — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 33% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 33% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 52% responded “Highly competitive.”
- Exposed to High Places — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 33% responded “About half the time.”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: RIC Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2019)||$25.77 hourly, $53,590 annual|
|Employment (2018)||381,500 employees|
|Projected growth (2018-2028)||Average (4% to 6%)|
|Projected job openings (2018-2028)||37,800|
|Top industries (2018)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data and 2018-2028 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2018-2028). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
- International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
- National Tooling and Machining Association
- Occupational Outlook Handbook: Industrial machinery mechanics, machinery maintenance workers, and millwrights
- Precision Machined Products Association
- The Associated General Contractors of America
- United Steelworkers