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Summary Report for:
51-9071.00 - Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers

Design, fabricate, adjust, repair, or appraise jewelry, gold, silver, other precious metals, or gems.

Sample of reported job titles: Artist, Bench Jeweler, Caster, Earrings Fabricator, Gemologist, Goldsmith, Jeweler, Platinum Smith, Restoration Silversmith, Silversmith

Also see: Gem and Diamond Workers

View report: Summary  Details  Custom

Tasks  |  Technology Skills  |  Tools Used  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Position stones and metal pieces, and set, mount, and secure items in place, using setting and hand tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Smooth soldered joints and rough spots, using hand files and emery paper, and polish smoothed areas with polishing wheels or buffing wire. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create jewelry from materials such as gold, silver, platinum, and precious or semiprecious stones. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Make repairs, such as enlarging or reducing ring sizes, soldering pieces of jewelry together, and replacing broken clasps and mountings. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Clean and polish metal items and jewelry pieces, using jewelers' tools, polishing wheels, and chemical baths. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut and file pieces of jewelry such as rings, brooches, bracelets, and lockets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select and acquire metals and gems for designs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Compute costs of labor and materials in order to determine production costs of products and articles. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine assembled or finished products to ensure conformance to specifications, using magnifying glasses or precision measuring instruments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Pierce and cut open designs in ornamentation, using hand drills and scroll saws. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Construct preliminary models of wax, metal, clay, or plaster, and form sample castings in molds. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Pour molten metal alloys or other materials into molds in order to cast models of jewelry. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shape and straighten damaged or twisted articles by hand or using pliers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Soften metal to be used in designs by heating it with a gas torch and shape it, using hammers and dies. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Determine appraised values of diamonds and other gemstones based on price guides, market fluctuations, and stone grades and rarity. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Grade stones based on their color, perfection, and quality of cut. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plate articles such as jewelry pieces and watch dials, using silver, gold, nickel, or other metals. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Write or modify design specifications such as the metal contents and weights of items. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Create new jewelry designs and modify existing designs, using computers as necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Buy and sell jewelry, or serve as agents between buyers and sellers. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Record the weights and processing times of finished pieces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out designs on metal stock, and cut along markings to fabricate pieces used to cast metal molds. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Mark, engrave, or emboss designs on metal pieces such as castings, wire, or jewelry, following specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut designs in molds or other materials to be used as models in the fabrication of metal and jewelry products. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Design and fabricate molds, models, and machine accessories, and modify hand tools used to cast metal and jewelry pieces. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Research and analyze reference materials, and consult with interested parties in order to develop new products or modify existing designs. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Anneal precious metal objects such as coffeepots, tea sets, and trays in gas ovens for prescribed times to soften metal for reworking. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Weigh, mix, and melt metal alloys or materials needed for jewelry models. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Rotate molds to distribute alloys and to prevent formation of air pockets. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Rout out locations where parts are to be joined to items, using routing machines. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Technology Skills

  • Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software Hot technology — Computer assisted jewelry design CAD software; Metal designing software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Customer relationship management CRM software — Customer information databases See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Retail management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Microsoft Outlook Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator Hot technology ; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software — Web browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Inventory management software — Inventory tracking software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Point of sale POS software — Jewelry store point of sale POS software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Microsoft Word Hot technology See more occupations related to this technology.

Hot technology Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.

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Tools Used

  • Abrasive stones — Grinding stones See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Anodizing machine — Pen platers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Anvils — Double horn anvils; Flat horn anvils; Hex anvils See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Applicator brushes — Flux brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Automatic lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Awls — Awl sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers; Peening hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Battery testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bead accessories — Beading tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Belt sander — Belt sanders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench refractometers or polarimeters — Bench refractometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench scales — Digital scales See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench vises — Adjustable bench vises; Mini bench vises See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Binocular light compound microscopes — Gemological microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Blow torches; Casting torches; Gas torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Burnisher — Burnishers; Burnishing tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers — Digital calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Crimping pliers — Pocket crimpers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cross and straight pein hammer — Chasing hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Curved nose pliers — Bent chain nose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dapping punches — Chasing tools; Dapping cutters; Dapping tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutters; Flush cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drop hammer forging machine — Foot-powered hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • End cut pliers — Oblique end cutters; Side cutters; Sidecutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Engravers — Engraving tools; Pneumatic gravers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Engraving machines — Engraving blocks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flat nose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fume hoods or cupboards — Fume hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers — Dead-blow hammers; Riveting hammers; Silversmiths' hammers; Texture hammers (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand clamps — Ring clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand or push drill — Hand drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand reamer — Bead reamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jewel appraising tester — Diamond testers; Gem gauges; Stone gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jeweler scissors — Jewelers shears; Jewelry scissors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jewellers pliers — Bail pliers; Jewelers' chain-nose pliers; Wire looping pliers; Wire twisting pliers (see all 25 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jewelry mandrels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Knurling tool — Milgrain machines; Milgrain tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laboratory hotplates — Electric hot plates See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser welding machine — Laser welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light boxes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Loupes — Jeweler's loupes; Jewelers' loupes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Magnifiers — Binocular magnifiers; Handheld magnifiers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mallets — Plastic mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mechanical or ultrasonic metal cleaner — Ultrasonic cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal cutters — Micro bevel cutters; Ring cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal testing instruments — Gold testers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mini pliers — Micro pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Paint brushes — Sable brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Polariscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power buffers — Polishing wheels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Cordless power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Flex shaft machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power routers — Routing machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Jeweler's saws; Mini band saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power scissors — Disc cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision file — Hand files; Precision files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Precision screwdriver — Jewelers screwdrivers; Precision screwdriver sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Steam cleaners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punches or nail sets or drifts — Tracing punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Punching pliers — Hole punch pliers; Hole punching pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Respirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ring sizers — Ring rollers; Ring sizing sets; Ring stretcher/reducers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Round nose pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rulers — Precision rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety glasses — Eye protection See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scratch brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Mini shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Soldering guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stamping die — Metal stamping dies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Stamping dies or punches — Stamping dies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Straight edges — Straightedges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thickness measuring devices — Digital gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Crucible tongs; Draw tongs; Flask tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tumblers or polishers — Bench top polishers; Polishing units; Rotary tumblers; Vibratory tumblers (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tweezers — Beading tweezers; Mini tweezers; Soldering tweezers; Utility tweezers (see all 11 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives — Bench knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Watch or clock repair kits — Case presses; Watch hand removers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — Bristle brushes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire cutters — Wire cutting tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire gauge — Bur gauges; Wire gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire mills — Jump ring makers; Rolling mills See more occupations related to this tool.

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Knowledge

  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Polish materials, workpieces, or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Smooth metal surfaces or edges. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Design jewelry or decorative objects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean workpieces or finished products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repair precision devices or workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Solder parts or workpieces. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order materials, supplies, or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select production input materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate costs of products, services, or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Build production molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in parts, equipment, or materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Adjust position of molds during processing. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure ingredients or substances to be used in production processes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mix ingredients to create specific finishes. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Place materials into molds. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Reshape small metal components for precision assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Shape metal workpieces with hammers or other small hand tools. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Determine the value of goods or services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluate quality of materials or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Apply protective or decorative finishes to workpieces or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Purchase products or services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or production data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sell products or services. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Draw guide lines or markings on materials or workpieces using patterns or other references. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Engrave designs, text, or other markings onto materials, workpieces, or products. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Confer with customers or designers to determine order specifications. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — How often does this job require working exposed to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust or odors)? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — How often does this job require exposure to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous conditions? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — How often does this job require working exposed to sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job? See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — How often does this job require exposure to hazardous equipment? See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Credentials

Find Training Find Certifications Apprenticeship.gov

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Interests

Interest code: RAC   Want to discover your interests? Take the O*NET Interest Profiler at My Next Move.

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2019) $19.65 hourly, $40,870 annual
State wages
Local wages
 
Employment (2019) 35,100 employees
Projected growth (2019-2029) Decline (-1% or lower) Decline (-1% or lower)
Projected job openings (2019-2029) 3,600
State trends
 
Top industries (2019)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2019 wage data external site and 2019-2029 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2019-2029). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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