Summary Report for:
19-4093.00 - Forest and Conservation Technicians
Provide technical assistance regarding the conservation of soil, water, forests, or related natural resources. May compile data pertaining to size, content, condition, and other characteristics of forest tracts, under the direction of foresters; or train and lead forest workers in forest propagation, fire prevention and suppression. May assist conservation scientists in managing, improving, and protecting rangelands and wildlife habitats.
Sample of reported job titles: Conservationist, Fire Technician, Forest Ranger, Forest Technician, Forestry Aide, Forestry Technician, Natural Resources Technician, Resource Manager, Resource Technician, Wildlife Technician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Keep records of the amount and condition of logs taken to mills.
- Manage forest protection activities, including fire control, fire crew training, and coordination of fire detection and public education programs.
- Train and lead forest and conservation workers in seasonal activities, such as planting tree seedlings, putting out forest fires, and maintaining recreational facilities.
- Survey, measure, and map access roads and forest areas such as burns, cut-over areas, experimental plots, and timber sales sections.
- Select and mark trees for thinning or logging, drawing detailed plans that include access roads.
- Provide information about, and enforce, regulations such as those concerning environmental protection, resource utilization, fire safety and accident prevention.
- Supervise forest nursery operations, timber harvesting, land use activities such as livestock grazing, and disease or insect control programs.
- Monitor activities of logging companies and contractors.
- Patrol park or forest areas to protect resources and prevent damage.
- Thin and space trees and control weeds and undergrowth, using manual tools and chemicals, or supervise workers performing these tasks.
- Develop and maintain computer databases.
- Plan and supervise construction of access routes and forest roads.
- Provide forestry education and general information, advice, and recommendations to woodlot owners, community organizations, and the general public.
- Perform reforestation or forest renewal, including nursery and silviculture operations, site preparation, seeding and tree planting programs, cone collection, and tree improvement.
- Issue fire permits, timber permits, and other forest use licenses.
- Provide technical support to forestry research programs in areas such as tree improvement, seed orchard operations, insect and disease surveys, or experimental forestry and forest engineering research.
- Measure distances, clean sightlines, and record data to help survey crews.
- Inspect trees and collect samples of plants, seeds, foliage, bark and roots to locate insect and disease damage.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Agricultural tractors — Farm tractors
- All terrain vehicles tracked or wheeled — All terrain vehicles ATV
- Articulating boom lift — Aerial bucket trucks
- Calipers — Mantax computer tree calipers; Wheeler pentaprism calipers
- Commercial fishing nets — Frame nets; Gill nets; Seines; Trawls
- Conventional truck cranes — Truck cranes
- Decorticators — Girdling tools
- Desktop computers
- Digital camcorders or video cameras — Remote video cameras
- Digital cameras
- Dredgers — Aquatic weed harvesters; Hydraulic dredges
- Dump trucks — Brush trucks
- Earthmoving buckets or its parts or accessories — Slurry buckets
- Earthmoving shovels — Fire plows
- Fertilizer spreaders or distributors — Fertilizer spreaders
- Fire or rescue trucks — Wildland fire pumper trucks
- Fire suppression hand tools — McLeod tools; Pulaski tools
- Fishing boats — Electroshocking boats
- Forestry increment borers — Increment borers; Tree corers
- Forestry saws — Pruning saws
- Front end loaders
- Geological compasses — Pocket transits
- Geological prospecting apparatus — Crown densitometers
- Global positioning system GPS receiver — Global positioning system GPS receivers
- Handheld refractometers or polarimeters — Handheld refractometers
- Height gauges — Altimeters; Relaskops
- Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic truck-mounted cranes
- Laser measuring systems — Laser tree measuring devices
- Lasers — Laser surveying equipment
- Lawnmowers — Lawn mowers
- Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Pickup trucks; Trucks
- Lighters — Terrain torches
- Lumbering equipment — Clearing hooks; Grass whips
- Magnetometer geophysical instruments — Magnetic locators
- Map measurers — Planimeters
- Measuring rods — Stadia rods
- Measuring tapes — Diameter tapes; Loggers' tapes
- Measuring wheels for distance — Measuring wheels
- Metal detectors
- Moisture meters — Soil moisture meters; Watermark soil moisture data collectors
- Motorcycles — Trail motorbikes
- Notebook computers
- Open stream current meters — Stream flow gauges
- Open stream water level recorders — Water level recorders
- Personal computers
- pH meters
- Pisciculture supplies — Macroalgae harvesters
- Portable data input terminals — Field data recorders; Field personal computers PC; Global positioning system GPS data collectors
- Power saws — Chain saws
- Prisms — Basal area factor BAF prisms
- Radarbased surveillance systems — Remote sensing equipment
- Rainfall recorders — Electronic rain gauges ERR; Forestry rain gauges
- Rangefinders — Hypsometers; Laser rangefinders
- Recreational motorboats — Airboats; Boats
- Reforestation equipment — Brush hooks; Plug spades; Tree planter spades
- Scanners — Leaf area meter scanning instruments
- Seed drills
- Snowplow attachments — Snowplows
- Soil core sampling apparatus — Soil augers; Soil probes
- Sprayers — Gunjets for pressurized sprayers
- Theodolites — Survey levels; Survey transits; Total stations
- Tow trucks — Winch trucks
- Track bulldozers
- Track excavators — Amphibious excavators; Excavators
- Tug boats — Tugboats
- Two way radios
- Video editors — Video editing equipment
- Water meters — Water monitoring meters
- Water pumps — Truck-mounted water pumps
- Water samplers — Water monitoring samplers
- Water trucks
- Wheel bulldozers — Bulldozers; Rubber-tired bulldozers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Analytical or scientific software — Assisi Software Forest; Forest Vegetation Simulator FVS *; HARVEST *; LoggerPC software (see all 7 examples)
- Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk AutoCAD LT
- Data base user interface and query software — Forest EcoSurvey; LJI Technologies Lumberjack; Microsoft Access; PhoenixPRO Forest Activity Tracking (see all 9 examples)
- Desktop publishing software
- Graphics or photo imaging software — Computer graphics software
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Inventory management software — Assisi Software Forest Inventory; Haglof Sweden AB TCruise Forest Inventory
- Map creation software — Allegro Landmark; ESRI ArcView; Forestry Reconnaissance ArcView Editor RAVE software; Geomechanical design analysis GDA software (see all 9 examples)
- Office suite software — Microsoft Office software
- Presentation software — Corel Presentation; Microsoft PowerPoint
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
- Word processing software — Microsoft Word
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Transportation — Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
- Geography — Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- History and Archeology — Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Mathematics — Using mathematics to solve problems.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Mathematical Reasoning — The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
- Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
- Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
- Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Detailed Work Activities
- Record research or operational data.
- Collect environmental data or samples.
- Set up laboratory or field equipment.
- Train personnel in technical or scientific procedures.
- Supervise scientific or technical personnel.
- Manage agricultural or forestry operations.
- Inspect condition of natural environments.
- Advise others about environmental management or conservation.
- Collect biological specimens.
- Develop technical or scientific databases.
- Prepare maps.
- Cultivate land.
- Survey land or properties.
- Advise others on management of emergencies or hazardous situations or materials.
- Prepare documentation for permits or licenses.
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 77% responded “Every day.”
- Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 64% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 64% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 72% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 58% responded “Every day.”
- Telephone — 58% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 54% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 38% responded “Extremely important.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 38% responded “Very important.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 44% responded “More than half the time.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 38% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 33% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 48% responded “Important results.”
- Letters and Memos — 46% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 35% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 36% responded “More than half the time.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 44% responded “Some freedom.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Important.”
- Electronic Mail — 42% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 40% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 58% responded “Some freedom.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 38% responded “High responsibility.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 35% responded “Important.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 35% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 38% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 35% responded “Less than half the time.”
- Time Pressure — 35% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Deal With External Customers — 31% responded “Very important.”
- Consequence of Error — 28% responded “Fairly serious.”
- Physical Proximity — 40% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|40||High school diploma or equivalent|
|12||Some college, no degree|
This occupation may require a background in the following science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational disciplines:
Interest code: RIE
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Enterprising — Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$16.95 hourly, $35,260 annual|
|Employment (2012)||34,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Decline (-3% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||13,400|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Forest and Conservation Technicians . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.
- Society of American Foresters (SAF) , 5400 Grosvenor Ln., Bethesda, MD 20814. Phone: (301) 897-8720. Fax: (301) 897-3690.