Summary Report for:
29-1065.00 - Pediatricians, General
Physicians who diagnose, treat, and help prevent children's diseases and injuries.
Sample of reported job titles: Adolescent Medicine Specialist; Chief, General Pediatric Clinic; General Pediatrician; Group Practice Pediatrician; Medical Doctor (MD); Pediatrician; Pediatrician, Partner in Private Medical Practice; Physician; Primary Care Pediatrician
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Examine children regularly to assess their growth and development.
- Treat children who have minor illnesses, acute and chronic health problems, and growth and development concerns.
- Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results.
- Prescribe or administer treatment, therapy, medication, vaccination, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury in infants and children.
- Examine patients or order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests to obtain information on medical condition and determine diagnosis.
- Advise patients, parents or guardians, and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention.
- Explain procedures and discuss test results or prescribed treatments with patients and parents or guardians.
- Monitor patients' conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary.
- Plan and execute medical care programs to aid in the mental and physical growth and development of children and adolescents.
- Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff.
- Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioner when necessary.
- Provide consulting services to other physicians.
- Operate on patients to remove, repair, or improve functioning of diseased or injured body parts and systems.
- Conduct research to study anatomy and develop or test medications, treatments, or procedures to prevent or control disease or injury.
- Plan, implement, or administer health programs or standards in hospitals, businesses, or communities for prevention or treatment of injury or illness.
- Prepare government or organizational reports of birth, death, and disease statistics, workforce evaluations, or medical status of individuals.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Acute care fetal or maternal monitoring units or accessories — Fetal monitors
- Auditory function screening units — Auditory testing equipment
- Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED
- Binocular vision test sets or accessories — Vision screeners
- Blood collection syringes
- Bronchoscopes or accessories — Pediatric bronchoscopes
- Cervical collars or neck braces — Cervical collars
- Chest tube — Thoracostomy tubes
- Clinical incubators or infant warmers — Infant warmers
- Desktop computers
- Diagnostic or interventional vascular catheters or sets — Pulmonary artery catheters
- Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines
- Electronic blood pressure units
- Electronic stethoscopes or accessories — Electronic stethoscopes
- End tidal carbon dioxide monitors or supplies
- Endoscopic equipment sets — Pediatric endoscopes
- Endotracheal tubes — Endotracheal ET tubes
- Eye charts or vision cards — Snellen eye charts
- Fetal or gynecological ultrasound or echo units — Fetal doppler units
- Floor grade forceps or hemostats — Curved forceps; Hemostats; Splinter forceps
- Glucose monitors or meters — Glucometers
- Infant scales — Baby scales
- Intravenous tubing with catheter administration kits — Intravenous IV equipment
- Intubation forceps — Pediatric Magill forceps
- Intubation stylets
- Laryngoscopes or accessories — Infant laryngoscope blades; Laryngoscope blades; Laryngoscopes
- Medical acoustic stethoscope or accessory — Mechanical stethoscopes
- Medical bulb syringes
- Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves — Medical examination protective gloves
- Medical oxygen masks or parts — Child oxygen masks; Infant oxygen masks; Neonatal airways; Oral airways
- Medical staff isolation or surgical masks — Facial shields; Medical masks
- Medical suction cannulas or tubes or accessories — Suction catheters
- Medical suction or vacuum appliances — Suction machines
- Medical syringe without needle — Medical syringes
- Medical tuning forks
- Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Ultrasound imaging scanners
- Mercury blood pressure units — Child sized blood pressure equipment; Manual blood pressure units
- Nasopharyngeal tubes — Nasopharyngeal airways
- Nebulizer or accessories — Pediatric nebulizers
- Notebook computers — Laptop computers
- Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets — Ophthalmoscopes; Otoscopes
- Orthopedic splint systems — Orthopedic splints
- Otological instruments or accessories — Ear curettes
- Oxygen air blenders — Air-oxygen blenders
- Oxygen monitors or supplies — Oxygen analyzers; Transcutaneous oxygen monitors
- Oxygen therapy delivery system products accessories or its supplies — Oxygen administration equipment
- Patient carbon dioxide detectors — Capnographs
- Pediatric or microflow or scalp vein intravenous or arterial catheters — Arterial line catheters
- Personal computers
- Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA
- Pharyngeal airways or airways kits — Oropharyngeal airways
- Pulse oximeter units — Pediatric pulse oximeters
- Reflex hammers or mallets — Neurological hammers
- Respiratory monitoring kits or its accessories — Non-invasive cardio respiratory monitors
- Resuscitation masks or accessories — Neonatal resuscitation masks; Valve mask resuscitators
- Spirometers or its accessories or its supplies — Pediatric spirometers
- Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Cord clamps; Dressing forceps; Ear forceps; Mosquito clamps (see all 5 examples)
- Surgical curettes or loops — Dermal curettes
- Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines or accessories — Surgical scalpels
- Surgical scissors — Operating scissors
- Suture needles
- Suture removers — Suture scissors
- Tablet computers
- Transport ventilators — Portable ventilators
- Ultraviolet UV lamps — Phototherapy equipment
- Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers — Evacuated blood collection tubes
Technology used in this occupation:
- Data base user interface and query software — Microsoft Access
- Electronic mail software — Email software
- Information retrieval or search software — Drug reference software; Medical information databases
- Internet browser software — Web browser software
- Medical software — Advanced Data Systems MedicsDocAssistant for Pediatrics; EMR Experts Pediatric EMR; Patient electronic medical record EMR software; StatCoder.com STAT E&M Coder (see all 5 examples)
- Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
- English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
- Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
- Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
- Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
- Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
- Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
- Sociology and Anthropology — Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
- Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
- Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
- Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
- Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Instructing — Teaching others how to do something.
- Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
- Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others.
- Persuasion — Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
- Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
- Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
- Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
- Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
- Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
- Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
- Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
- Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
- Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
- Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
- Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.
- Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Detailed Work Activities
- Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
- Record patient medical histories.
- Treat chronic diseases or disorders.
- Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
- Prescribe medications.
- Examine patients to assess general physical condition.
- Administer non-intravenous medications.
- Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members.
- Order medical diagnostic or clinical tests.
- Prescribe treatments or therapies.
- Treat acute illnesses, infections, or injuries.
- Operate on patients to treat conditions.
- Prepare official health documents or records.
- Provide health and wellness advice to patients, program participants, or caregivers.
- Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources.
- Advise communities or institutions regarding health or safety issues.
- Design public or employee health programs.
- Direct healthcare delivery programs.
- Supervise patient care personnel.
- Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues.
- Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues.
- Telephone — 96% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 91% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Disease or Infections — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 73% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Physical Proximity — 72% responded “Very close (near touching).”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 76% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 69% responded “Extremely important.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 73% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Deal With External Customers — 81% responded “Extremely important.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 51% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 59% responded “Extremely important.”
- Electronic Mail — 66% responded “Every day.”
- Consequence of Error — 71% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 51% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 58% responded “Extremely important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 69% responded “Very important results.”
- Letters and Memos — 47% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Frequency of Conflict Situations — 37% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 50% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 36% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 35% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Standing — 46% responded “About half the time.”
- Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 39% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.”
- Level of Competition — 26% responded “Moderately competitive.”
|Title||Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).|
|Related Experience||Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.|
|Job Training||Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.|
|SVP Range||(8.0 and above)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
Interest code: IS
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$78.53 hourly, $163,350 annual|
|Employment (2012)||35,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Faster than average (15% to 21%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||14,100|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Physicians and Surgeons . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.