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Summary Report for:
29-1067.00 - Surgeons

Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.

Sample of reported job titles: Cardiovascular Surgeon, General Surgeon, Hand Surgeon, Medical Doctor (MD), Orthopaedic Surgeon, Orthopedic Surgeon, Physician, Plastic Surgeon, Surgeon, Vascular Surgeon

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Follow established surgical techniques during the operation. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine patient to obtain information on medical condition and surgical risk. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate on patients to correct deformities, repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases, or improve or restore patients' functions. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Analyze patient's medical history, medication allergies, physical condition, and examination results to verify operation's necessity and to determine best procedure. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatments and procedures, such as sedatives, diets, antibiotics, and preparation and treatment of the patient's operative area. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Diagnose bodily disorders and orthopedic conditions and provide treatments, such as medicines and surgeries, in clinics, hospital wards, and operating rooms. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Provide consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, assistants, specialists, residents, and other medical staff. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioners when necessary. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare case histories. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Manage surgery services, including planning, scheduling and coordination, determination of procedures, and procurement of supplies and equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Examine instruments, equipment, and operating room to ensure sterility. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Conduct research to develop and test surgical techniques that can improve operating procedures and outcomes. See more occupations related to this task.

Find occupations related to multiple tasks

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Abdominal retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Amputation retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Arterial line catheters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Automated external defibrillators AED or hard paddles — Automated external defibrillators AED; Internal defibrillators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Autotransfusion units — Cell savers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blood recovery and delivery systems — Autologous blood recovery systems See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bronchoscopes or accessories — Bronchoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cardiac output CO monitoring units or accessories — Hemodynamic monitors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cardiovascular or thoracic retractors — IMA retractors; Thoracic retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Central venous catheters — Subclavian lines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cervical retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Colposcopes or vaginoscopes or accessories — Colposcopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cryosurgery equipment or accessories — Cryoprobes; Cryosurgery units See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cystourethroscopes — Cystoscopes; Flexible ureteroscopes; Rigid ureteroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Diagnostic or interventional vascular catheters or sets — Pulmonary artery catheters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ear retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrocardiography EKG units — Electrocardiography EKG machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Electrosurgical or electrocautery equipment — Argon beam coagulators; Biopolar cautery equipment; Electrosurgery units; Harmonic scalpels (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Endoscopic clamp or dissector or grasper or forceps — Laparascopic graspers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Endoscopic insufflation or distention units or accessories — Endoscopic insufflators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Endoscopic video cameras or recorders or adapters or accessories — Endoscopic video cameras See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Eyemagnets for ophthalmic surgery — Eye magnets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Facial shields — Protective eye shields See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flexible endoscopes or accessories or related products — Flexible fiberoptic endoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gastrointestinal retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heart and lung machines or accessories — Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps; Heart and lung machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Intravenous tubing with catheter administration kits — Intravenous IV equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laparoscopes or laparoscopic telescopes — Laparascopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lip retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Lung retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical staff isolation or surgical masks — Surgical masks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical stapler for external use — Skin staplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical stapler for internal use — Bowel stapling equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical ultrasound or doppler or pulse echo or echography units for general diagnostic use — Diagnostic ultrasound equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Medical x ray units for general diagnostic use — Portable x ray machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nerve retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Operating room patient fracture tables or orthopedic tables or accessories or related products — External fixators; Fracture tables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Operating room patient positioning devices or accessories — Mayfield headrests See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Operating room patient procedure tables or accessories or related products — Andrews tables See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ophthalmic surgery instrument sets — Vitrector sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oral retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Orthopedic retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oxygen therapy delivery system products accessories or its supplies — Oxygen administration equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Patient controlled analgesia infusion pumps — Patient controlled analgesia PCA pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Periosteotomes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plastic surgery retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pulse oximeter units — Pulse oximeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Radiosurgical gamma knife units or scintillators — Radiosurgical gamma knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rectal retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Resectoscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Short wave diathermy units — Diathermy equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Skin retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spine or neuro retractors — Cervical spine retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sternum retractors — Sternal retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical bone cutting forceps — Bone-cutting forceps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical bone hand saws or wire saws or saw handles — Surgical hand saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical calipers or rulers — Surgical calipers; Surgical rulers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical chisels or gouges — Bone chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical clamps or clips or forceps or accessories — Dressing forceps; Ear forceps; Tumor forceps; Vascular clips (see all 40 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical curettes or loops — Surgical curettes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical dermatomes or dermabraders or dermameshers or accessories — Dermatomes; Padgett dermatomes; Zimmer dermatomes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical dilators or accessories — Surgical dilators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical drapes — Sterile drapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical drivers or its parts or accessories — Surgical hand drivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical elevators or levers — Surgical elevators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical extractors — Stone extractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical gloves See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical hammers or mallets — Surgical mallets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical irrigation or suction handpiece or cannula or tip — Suction tips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical irrigation sets or accessories — Irrigation tubing; Surgical irrigation sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical lasers or accessories — Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers; Holmium lasers; Laser dopplers; Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Nd:YAG lasers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical lighted fiberoptic retractors — Surgical fiberoptic retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical lithotripters or accessories — Ultrasonic lithotripters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical microscopes or loops or magnifiers or accessories — Ceiling mounted microscopes; ENT microscopes; Portable surgical microscopes; Surgical microscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical needle holders for general use — Surgical needle holders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical nerve stimulators or accessories — Surgical nerve stimulators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical nippers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical or endoscopic catheters or catheterization kits or drainage bags — Endoscopic catheters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical perfusion catheters or connectors or accessories — Balloon perfusion catheters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical pneumatic or battery or electric saws or drills or pin drivers or accessories — Craniotome drills; Sternal saws; Surgical power drills; Surgical power saws (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical pneumatic or electric tourniquets or accessories — Surgical tourniquets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical power equipment sets or accessories — Hip arthroplasty robots; Robotic arms; Surgical robots See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical probes or directors — Tactile probes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical punches or punch holder or accessories — Biopsy punches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical rake retractors — Rigid rake retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical rasps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical retractors for general use — Surgical retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical rongeurs — Bone ronguers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical scalpels or knives or blades or trephines or accessories — Surgical scalpels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical scissors — Enterotomy scissors; Thoracic scissors; Tonsil scissors; Uterine scissors (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical smoke evacuators or accessories — Operating room smoke evacuators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical specula See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical spreaders — Rib spreaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical suction machines or vacuum extractors or ultrasonic surgical aspirators or regulators or accessories — Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirators CUSA; Suction machines; Surgical aspirators; Wells Johnson aspirators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical taps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical tourniquets or vascular occluders or ligators or accessories — Vascular occluders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical trocars for general use or accessories — Surgical trocars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Surgical urology retractors or its accessories — Urology retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Suture needles — Surgical suture needles See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tissue retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tracheal retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Urological surgical instrument sets — Optical urethrotomes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Uterine devices or accessories — Hysteroscopes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Uterine retractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vascular sequential compression devices or tubing — Sequential compression devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vein harvest kit or system — Endoscope vein harvesting equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vein retractors See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Graphics or photo imaging software — Computer imaging software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Medical software — Integra Radionics NeuroSight Arc; Practice management software PMS; Robotic surgery software; Three-dimensional 3D virtual surgery software (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Medicine and Dentistry — Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Biology — Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Psychology — Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Personnel and Human Resources — Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Therapy and Counseling — Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Administration and Management — Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Law and Government — Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Sales and Marketing — Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Chemistry — Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Economics and Accounting — Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Science — Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Social Perceptiveness — Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Learning Strategies — Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Evaluation — Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Management of Personnel Resources — Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visual Color Discrimination — The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speed of Closure — The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Memorization — The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Time Sharing — The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources). See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Assisting and Caring for Others — Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others — Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others — Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies — Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing Administrative Activities — Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coaching and Developing Others — Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Developing and Building Teams — Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others — Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Staffing Organizational Units — Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting employees in an organization. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitoring and Controlling Resources — Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Record patient medical histories. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prescribe medications. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Diagnose medical conditions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Examine patients to assess general physical condition. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Follow protocols or regulations for healthcare activities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Prescribe treatments or therapies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Analyze patient data to determine patient needs or treatment goals. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate on patients to treat conditions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Assist healthcare practitioners during surgery. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Refer patients to other healthcare practitioners or health resources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Sterilize medical equipment or instruments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Supervise patient care personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Advise medical personnel regarding healthcare issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Order medical supplies or equipment. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Schedule patient procedures or appointments. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Conduct research to increase knowledge about medical issues. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Manage healthcare operations. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 91% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 93% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 92% responded “Very close (near touching).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 87% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 84% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 74% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 87% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 70% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 69% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 71% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 80% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 71% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 64% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 76% responded “More than 40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 66% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With External Customers — 57% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 53% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 55% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 42% responded “Highly competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 47% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Electronic Mail — 48% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Letters and Memos — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 44% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 43% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 40% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 42% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Education Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Related Experience Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Job Training Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, sports medicine physicians, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and controllers.
SVP Range (8.0 and above)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
49   Doctoral degree
43   Post-doctoral training
7   Professional degree Help

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Credentials

Find Certifications Find Licenses

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Interests

Interest code: IRS

  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Social — Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Recognition — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages (2014) $90.00+ hourly, $187,200+ annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 48,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Much faster than average (22% or higher) Much faster than average (22% or higher)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 23,100
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

  • Physicians and Surgeons external site. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.

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