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Summary Report for:
47-2152.01 - Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters

Lay out, assemble, install, or maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, or related hydraulic or pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, or industrial production or processing systems.

Sample of reported job titles: Equipment Service Associate (ESA), Fire Sprinkler Service Technician, Journeyman Pipe Fitter, Journeyman Pipefitter, Machine Repairman, Pipe Fitter, Pipe Welder, Pipefitter, Sprinkler Fitter, Steamfitter

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Cut, thread, or hammer pipes to specifications, using tools such as saws, cutting torches, pipe threaders, or pipe benders. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Lay out full scale drawings of pipe systems, supports, or related equipment, according to blueprints. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Assemble or secure pipes, tubes, fittings, or related equipment, according to specifications, by welding, brazing, cementing, soldering, or threading joints. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure and mark pipes for cutting or threading. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect, examine, or test installed systems or pipe lines, using pressure gauge, hydrostatic testing, observation, or other methods. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Plan pipe system layout, installation, or repair, according to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Attach pipes to walls, structures, or fixtures, such as radiators or tanks, using brackets, clamps, tools, or welding equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Modify, clean, or maintain pipe systems, units, fittings, or related machines or equipment, using hand or power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Select pipe sizes, types, or related materials, such as supports, hangers, or hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut or bore holes in structures, such as bulkheads, decks, walls, or mains, prior to pipe installation, using hand or power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install automatic controls to regulate pipe systems. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Shut off steam, water, or other gases or liquids from pipe sections, using valve keys or wrenches. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Remove and replace worn components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect work sites for obstructions or holes that could cause structural weakness. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install fixtures, appliances, or equipment designed to reduce water or energy consumption. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install pipe systems to support alternative energy-fueled systems, such as geothermal heating and cooling systems. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install or test gray water systems, such as recycling, treatment, or irrigation systems. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Prepare cost estimates for clients. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Operate motorized pumps to remove water from flooded manholes, basements, or facility floors. See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Alternating current AC arc welder — Alternating current AC welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Backhoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bandsaw wheel — Vertical bandsaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blocks or pulleys — Block and tackle equipment; Pulleys See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Air-acetylene torches; Cutting torches; Propane torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bolt cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Box end wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Circuit tracers — Wire tracers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cold chisels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Conventional truck cranes — Truck cranes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Cutting die — Metal cutting dies See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Deburring tool — Deburring tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Demolition hammers — Pavement stompers; Power hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Depth gauges — Pit depth gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Direct current DC arc welder See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Explosimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Flow sensors — Flow gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluid regulators — Water stoppers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators — Generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus — Oxyacetylene welding equipment; Plasma cutting guides; Torch cutter guides See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Hand hacksaws; Power hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand reamer — Reamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Allen wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hoists — Chain falls; Tirfors; Tuggers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hole saws — Hole cutting tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hydraulic truck cranes — Hydraulic cranes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impact wrenches — Hydraulic valve turners See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Jacks — Pipeline jacks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ladders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — Pipe lasers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Level sensors or transmitters — Transit levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Automatic levels; Laser levels; Pocket levels; Two-hole pins (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid leak detectors — Leak-testing gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Locking pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Manlift or personnel lift — Manlifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal detectors — Null locators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal inert gas welding machine — Metal inert gas MIG welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal markers or holders — Centering head tools; Magnetic circle layout tools; Radius markers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Micrometers — Quality control QC welders' gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Mud pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ohmmeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open end wrenches — Crescent wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe bending mandrel — Pipe bending mandrels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe bending tools — Manual pipe benders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe vises — Stands; Welding clamps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plumb bobs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic grinders — Air operated grinders; Angle air grinders; Pneumatic pipe bevelers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pneumatic hammer — Jackhammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power flaring tool — Pipe flaring tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Offset grinders; Pedestal grinders; Portable grinders; Stationary grinders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Circular saws; Reciprocating saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Hydrostatic testers; Pressure gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Rasps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ratchets — Jam-proof ratchet threaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Safety harnesses or belts — Safety harnesses See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Saws — Metal hand saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Scaffolding See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Flat head screwdrivers; Impact screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears — Pipe fabrication shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal grooving machine — Roll groovers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Skid steer loaders — Skip loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slings — Material-hoisting slings See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slip or groove joint pliers — Slip joint pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Soldering equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specialty wrenches — Basin wrenches; Chain wrenches; Monkey wrench sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Portable welding machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Squares — Combination squares; Framing squares See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Strap wrenches — Nylon strap wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tachometers — Hand tachometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Taps — Metal cutting taps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading dies — Drophead dies; Pipe threaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading machine — Pipe threading machines See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trenching machines — Trenchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tungsten inert gas welding machine — Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Voltage or current meters — Amp meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Water samplers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wheel loaders — Loaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Winches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire brushes — Air wire brushes; Pneumatic wire brushes See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Analytical or scientific software — AutoPIPE software; COADE CAESAR II; Pipepro Pipefitting software; Watter Hammer Software Hytran See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — AEC Design Group CADPIPE; Pipe 2D software; ViziFlow software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Internet browser software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Piping construction costs estimation software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel; PipingOffice software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Systems Analysis — Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Auditory Attention — The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Originality — The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships — Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment — Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Fabricate parts or components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Plan layout of construction, installation, or repairs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Clean equipment or facilities. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operate pumps or compressors. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect plumbing systems or fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Remove worn, damaged or outdated materials from work areas. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut metal components for installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect work sites to identify potential environmental or safety hazards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Create construction or installation diagrams. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Weld metal components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate construction project costs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install plumbing or piping. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Select construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test green technology installations to verify performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install gauges or controls. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Drill holes in construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install green plumbing or water handling systems. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 90% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 86% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 84% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 64% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 60% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 48% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 57% responded “Extremely important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 51% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 47% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 59% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 48% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 53% responded “A lot of freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 54% responded “Very important results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 41% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 39% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 46% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles — 52% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 43% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 67% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 40% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 41% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 46% responded “Extremely serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 33% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 29% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection — 36% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 39% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 30% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Level of Competition — 48% responded “Moderately competitive.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance — 42% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
Not available Post-secondary certificate Help
Not available High school diploma or equivalent Help
Not available Less than high school diploma

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RC

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Employment data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Industry data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.

Median wages (2014) $24.36 hourly, $50,660 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 387,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 130,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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