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Summary Report for:
47-2152.02 - Plumbers

Assemble, install, or repair pipes, fittings, or fixtures of heating, water, or drainage systems, according to specifications or plumbing codes.

Sample of reported job titles: Commercial Plumber; Drain Cleaner, Plumber; Drain Technician; Journeyman Plumber; Master Plumber; Plumber; Plumber Gasfitter; Plumbing and Heating Mechanic; Residential Plumber; Service Plumber

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Tasks  |  Tools & Technology  |  Knowledge  |  Skills  |  Abilities  |  Work Activities  |  Detailed Work Activities  |  Work Context  |  Job Zone  |  Education  |  Credentials  |  Interests  |  Work Styles  |  Work Values  |  Related Occupations  |  Wages & Employment  |  Job Openings  |  Additional Information

Tasks

  • Assemble pipe sections, tubing, or fittings, using couplings, clamps, screws, bolts, cement, plastic solvent, caulking, or soldering, brazing, or welding equipment. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install pipe assemblies, fittings, valves, appliances such as dishwashers or water heaters, or fixtures such as sinks or toilets, using hand or power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Keep records of work assignments. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Fill pipes or plumbing fixtures with water or air and observe pressure gauges to detect and locate leaks. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Direct helpers engaged in pipe cutting, preassembly, or installation of plumbing systems or components. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Maintain or repair plumbing by replacing defective washers, replacing or mending broken pipes, or opening clogged drains. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Locate and mark the position of pipe installations, connections, passage holes, or fixtures in structures, using measuring instruments such as rulers or levels. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe to required angle, using hand or power tools or machines such as pipe cutters, pipe-threading machines, or pipe-bending machines. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Review blueprints, building codes, or specifications to determine work details or procedures. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Anchor steel supports from ceiling joists to hold pipes in place. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Estimate time, material, or labor costs for use in project plans. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install underground storm, sanitary, or water piping systems, extending piping as needed to connect fixtures and plumbing. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Inspect structures to assess material or equipment needs, to establish the sequence of pipe installations, or to plan installation around obstructions such as electrical wiring. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install green plumbing equipment, such as faucet flow restrictors, dual-flush or pressure-assisted flush toilets, or tankless hot water heaters. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Cut openings in structures to accommodate pipes or pipe fittings, using hand or power tools. See more occupations related to this task.
  • Weld small pipes or special piping, using specialized techniques, equipment, or materials, such as computer-assisted welding or microchip fabrication. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Install alternative water sources, such as rainwater harvesting systems or graywater reuse systems. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.
  • Recommend energy or water saving products, such as low-flow faucets or shower heads, water-saving toilets, or high-efficiency hot water heaters. Green Task Statement See more occupations related to this task.

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Tools & Technology

Tools used in this occupation:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers — Water pump pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Adjustable wrenches — Adjustable slip lock nut wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Air compressors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Augers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Backhoes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bandsaw wheel — Bandsaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bench vises — Bench chain vises; Bench yoke vises; Tristand chain vises See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Blow torch — Acetylene torches; Butane torches; Propane torches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Bolt cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Box end wrenches — Ratcheting box wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Calipers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Caulking guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Claw hammer — Claw hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Deburring tool — Deburring tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Desktop computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Detection apparatus for non metallic objects — Inductive clamps; Line locators; Transmitters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dewatering pumps — Utility pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Diagonal cut pliers — Diagonal cutting pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Digital camcorders or video cameras — Video diagnostic tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment — Drain cleaning cables; Hand spinners; Power sink machine drain cleaners; Toilet augers (see all 9 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Drain or toilet plunger — Plungers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Dump trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Explosimeters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Fluid regulators — Pipe freezing kits; Water stoppers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Forklifts See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas detectors — Gas leak detection devices See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Gas generators — Generators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hacksaw — Hacksaws; Mini hacksaws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hammer drills — Rotary hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hand reamer — Inner/outer reamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Heat guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hex keys — Allen wrenches; Hex wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hole saws — Hole cutting tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Hose cutter — Gasket cutters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Impact hammers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Inspection mirror — Telescopic inspection mirrors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser measuring systems — Laser alignment tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Laser printers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Leak testing equipment — Trutest smoke detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Levels — Torpedo levels See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Light trucks or sport utility vehicles — Light pickup trucks See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Liquid leak detectors — Ultrasonic leak detectors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Locking pliers — Channel lock pliers; Vise grip pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Metal detectors — Magnetic locators; Rebar locators See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Moisture meters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Notebook computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Nut drivers — Universal nut wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Offset socket wrenches — Hollow core socket wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Oil gun — Oilers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Open end wrenches — Crescent wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers — Personal digital assistants PDA See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe bending tools — Tube bending springs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe extractors See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe or tube cutter — Pipe cutters; Power pipe cutters; Ratcheting polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters; Tubing cutters (see all 10 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe reamer — Spiral ratchet pipe reamers; Straight-fluted pipe reamers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe vises — Pipe welding vises; Tripod vises See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pipe wrenches — End pipe wrenches; Offset pipe wrenches; Straight pipe wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Plumb bobs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power drills — Direct tap machines; Right-angle drills See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power flaring tool — Flaring tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power grinders — Seat dressers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Power saws — Reciprocating saws See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure indicators — Air pressure gauges; Heavy duty water pressure gauges; Maximum reading water pressure gauges; Water pressure gauges (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pressure or steam cleaners — Rodders; Root ranger jetter nozzles; Water jetters See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pry bars — Crowbars See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Pullers — Compression sleeve pullers; Faucet handle pullers; Faucet stem and cartridge pullers; Tub drain removers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Ratchets — Manual ratchet threader sets See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Screwdrivers — Flat blade screwdrivers; Phillips head screwdrivers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sewage pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shears See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sheet metal grooving machine — Roll groovers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine — Shielded arc welding tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Slip or groove joint pliers — Slip joint pliers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Soldering iron — Soldering equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Specialty wrenches — Chain wrenches; Spud wrenches; Strainer wrenches; Water heater element removal wrenches (see all 20 examples) See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Spot welding machine — Welders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Square file — Thread repair files See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Staple guns See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Strap wrenches — Rubber strap wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Sump pumps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Swaging tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tablet computers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tape measures — Measuring tapes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tapping machine attachment — Tapping tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Thermographs — Non-contact infrared thermometers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading die — Threading machine die heads See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading dies — Plastic pipe/conduit die heads See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading machine — Power pipe threading machines; Receding threaders; Three-way pipe threaders See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Threading taps — Pipe taps See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tinners snips — Tin snips See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tongs — Chain tongs See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Torque wrenches — No hub torque wrenches See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Torx keys — Four-in-one keys; Shut-off keys; Water meter keys See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Trenching machines — Trenchers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Tube end finisher — Tube crimping tools See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Two way radios See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Utility knives See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vacuum gauges See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Vibration testers — Vibration analyzers See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welder torch — Brazing equipment See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Welding masks — Welding hoods See more occupations related to this tool.
  • Wire or cable cutter — Cable saws See more occupations related to this tool.

Technology used in this occupation:

  • Accounting software — Intuit QuickBooks software; Intuit Quicken software; Job costing software; KRS Enterprises Service First! (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Analytical or scientific software — Elite Software DPIPE; Elite Software FIRE; Klear Estimator; Quote Software QuoteExpress (see all 7 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Computer aided design CAD software — Autodesk Building Systems; Elite Software Plumbing CAD; Elite Software Sprinkler CAD; Horizon Engineering Sigma Plumbing Calculator (see all 5 examples) See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Data base user interface and query software — Database software; Insight Direct ServiceCEO; PricePoint software; Wintac Pro Software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Electronic mail software — Email software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Facilities management software — Maintenance management software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Office suite software — Microsoft Office software See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Project management software — Estimating software; FastEST FastPipe; FastEST software; Vision InfoSoft Plumbing Bid Manager See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel See more occupations related to this technology.
  • Word processing software — Atlas Construction Business Forms; Contractor City Contractor Forms Pack; Microsoft Word; Wilhelm Publishing Threshold See more occupations related to this technology.

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Knowledge

  • Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Building and Construction — Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Public Safety and Security — Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Engineering and Technology — Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services. See more occupations related to this knowledge.
  • Education and Training — Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects. See more occupations related to this knowledge.

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Skills

  • Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Instructing — Teaching others how to do something. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Service Orientation — Actively looking for ways to help people. See more occupations related to this skill.
  • Time Management — Managing one's own time and the time of others. See more occupations related to this skill.

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Abilities

  • Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Visualization — The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Fluency of Ideas — The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity). See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Gross Body Equilibrium — The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person. See more occupations related to this ability.
  • Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects. See more occupations related to this ability.

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Work Activities

  • Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public — Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities — Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles). See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others — Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization — Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Detailed Work Activities

  • Direct construction or extraction personnel. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Measure materials or objects for installation or assembly. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect work sites to determine condition or necessary repairs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Mark reference points on construction materials. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Record operational or environmental data. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Inspect plumbing systems or fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install solar energy systems. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut metal components for installation. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Communicate with clients about products, procedures, and policies. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Weld metal components. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate construction project costs. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate construction project labor requirements. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install plumbing or piping. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Cut openings in existing structures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Maintain plumbing structures or fixtures. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Estimate materials requirements for projects. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Test green technology installations to verify performance. See more occupations related to this activity.
  • Install green plumbing or water handling systems. See more occupations related to this activity.

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Work Context

  • Face-to-Face Discussions — 67% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Contaminants — 51% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 56% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Telephone — 57% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Contact With Others — 57% responded “Constant contact with others.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 52% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Time Pressure — 53% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 44% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 63% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Freedom to Make Decisions — 41% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 39% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Standing — 49% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather — 44% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work — 40% responded “Some freedom.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 42% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 40% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Decision Making — 46% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 39% responded “Moderate results.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 49% responded “High responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 40% responded “Very high responsibility.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 45% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 35% responded “Continually or almost continually.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Walking and Running — 36% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Coordinate or Lead Others — 47% responded “Important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Work With Work Group or Team — 55% responded “Very important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting — 36% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Physical Proximity — 61% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Duration of Typical Work Week — 61% responded “40 hours.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Consequence of Error — 45% responded “Serious.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections — 31% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 30% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling — 50% responded “More than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People — 37% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 32% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment — 35% responded “Every day.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 35% responded “Less than half the time.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations — 59% responded “Once a month or more but not every week.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 30% responded “Fairly important.” See more occupations related to this work context.
  • Exposed to High Places — 40% responded “Once a year or more but not every month.” See more occupations related to this work context.

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Job Zone

Title Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Education Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Related Experience Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Job Training Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
Job Zone Examples These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, occupational therapy assistants, and medical assistants.
SVP Range (6.0 to < 7.0)

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Education


Percentage of Respondents
Education Level Required
61   Post-secondary certificate Help
31   High school diploma or equivalent Help
5   Associate's degree

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Credentials

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Interests

Interest code: RCI

  • Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow. See more occupations related to this interest.
  • Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally. See more occupations related to this interest.

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Work Styles

  • Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace. See more occupations related to this work style.
  • Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems. See more occupations related to this work style.

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Work Values

  • Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service. See more occupations related to this work value.
  • Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions. See more occupations related to this work value.

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Related Occupations

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Wages & Employment Trends

Median wages data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Employment data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
Industry data collected from Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.

Median wages (2014) $24.36 hourly, $50,660 annual
State wages Local Salary Info
 
Employment (2012) 387,000 employees
Projected growth (2012-2022) Faster than average (15% to 21%) Faster than average (15% to 21%)
Projected job openings (2012-2022) 130,500
State trends Employment Trends
 
Top industries (2012)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data external site and 2012-2022 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

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Job Openings on the Web

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Sources of Additional Information

Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.

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