Summary Report for:
51-4034.00 - Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
Set up, operate, or tend lathe and turning machines to turn, bore, thread, form, or face metal or plastic materials, such as wire, rod, or bar stock.
Sample of reported job titles: Computer Numerical Control Lathe Operator (CNC Lathe Operator), Computer Numerical Control Machinist (CNC Machinist), Computer Numerical Control Operator (CNC Operator), Lathe Operator, Machine Operator, Machinist, Numerical Control Operator (NC Operator), Screw Machine Operator, Set Up / Operator, Tool Maker
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Inspect sample workpieces to verify conformance with specifications, using instruments such as gauges, micrometers, and dial indicators.
- Study blueprints, layouts or charts, and job orders for information on specifications and tooling instructions, and to determine material requirements and operational sequences.
- Adjust machine controls and change tool settings to keep dimensions within specified tolerances.
- Move controls to set cutting speeds and depths and feed rates, and to position tools in relation to workpieces.
- Start lathe or turning machines and observe operations to ensure that specifications are met.
- Select cutting tools and tooling instructions, according to written specifications or knowledge of metal properties and shop mathematics.
- Crank machines through cycles, stopping to adjust tool positions and machine controls to ensure specified timing, clearances, and tolerances.
- Lift metal stock or workpieces manually or using hoists, and position and secure them in machines, using fasteners and hand tools.
- Replace worn tools, and sharpen dull cutting tools and dies using bench grinders or cutter-grinding machines.
- Position, secure, and align cutting tools in toolholders on machines, using hand tools, and verify their positions with measuring instruments.
- Compute unspecified dimensions and machine settings, using knowledge of metal properties and shop mathematics.
- Install holding fixtures, cams, gears, and stops to control stock and tool movement, using hand tools, power tools, and measuring instruments.
- Move toolholders manually or by turning handwheels, or engage automatic feeding mechanisms to feed tools to and along workpieces.
- Turn valve handles to direct the flow of coolant onto work areas or to coat disks with spinning compounds.
- Mount attachments, such as relieving or tracing attachments, to perform operations such as duplicating contours of templates or trimming workpieces.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable wrenches — Crescent wrenches
- Allen wrench — Allen wrench sets
- Automatic lathe or chucking machine — Computer numerically controlled CNC lathes; Gang-tool lathes; Swiss turning centers; Swiss-style lathes (see all 5 examples)
- Ball peen hammer — Ball peen hammers
- Bench grinder — Bench grinders
- Boring tool — Boring heads
- Calipers — Inside digital ID calipers; Outside digital OD calipers; Vernier calipers
- Chucks — Lathe chucks
- Combination square — Combination square sets
- Comparators — Profile projectors; Surface finish comparators
- Compasses — Trammels
- Conveyor feeders — Bar feeders
- Coordinate measuring machines CMM
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Coaxial indicators; Dial test indicators
- Drill gauge — Drill gauge sets
- Ear plugs — Protective ear plugs
- End mills — Center-cutting end mills
- Facial shields — Face shields
- Forklifts — Fork trucks
- Gage block set — 1-2-3 blocks; Gage blocks
- Go or no go gauge — Go/no go gauge sets; Plug gauges
- Grease guns — Lubrication guns
- Hacksaw — Mini hacksaws
- Height gauges — Vernier height gauges
- Hoists — Jib hoists
- Hole gauge — Bore gauges
- Horizontal turning center — Horizontal lathes
- Insert carbide — Carbide cutting inserts
- Lathe bit — Cutoff tools; Face/turn tools; Groove tools; Parting off tools
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers
- Milling vise — Precision milling vises
- Oil can — Oil dispensing cans
- Open end wrenches — Open end hand wrenches
- Overhead crane — Electric overhead travelling EOT cranes
- Power saws — Power hacksaws
- Protective gloves — Safety gloves
- Protractors — Bevel protractors
- Radius gauge — Digital radius gauges
- Rubber mallet — Rubber mallets
- Rulers — Steel rules
- Safety glasses — Protective safety glasses
- Screwdrivers — Straight screwdrivers
- Sine bar — Sine bars
- Spanner wrenches
- Squares — Steel squares
- Straight edges
- T handle tap wrenches
- Tape measures — Push-pull rules
- Taper gauge — Machinists' taper gauges
- Tapping machine attachment — Tapping tools
- Thread pitch gauge — Screw pitch gauge
- Threading insert — Hand taps
- Threading machine attachment — Threading tools
- Tool holders — Automatic tool changers; Parting off tool holders
- Tool template sets — Center finders; Electronic edge finders; Mechanical edge finders; Tool probes (see all 5 examples)
- Turret lathe — Automatic turret lathes; Capstan lathes
- Two way radios — Mobile radios
- Vertical machining center — Vertical machining centers
- Vertical turning center — Vertical turning centers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
Detailed Work Activities
- Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment.
- Select production equipment according to product specifications.
- Read work orders or other instructions to determine product specifications or materials requirements.
- Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
- Monitor equipment operation to ensure that products are not flawed.
- Measure dimensions of completed products or workpieces to verify conformance to specifications.
- Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate coolant flow.
- Operate cutting equipment.
- Calculate dimensions of workpieces, products, or equipment.
- Set equipment controls to meet cutting specifications.
- Install mechanical components in production equipment.
- Operate grinding equipment.
- Operate metal or plastic forming equipment.
- Lift materials or workpieces using cranes or other lifting equipment.
- Replace worn equipment components.
- Conduct test runs of production equipment.
- Sharpen cutting or grinding tools.
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 74% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 74% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 86% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 70% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Time Pressure — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 58% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 68% responded “Every day.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 53% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 40% responded “Some freedom.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 62% responded “Some freedom.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 59% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 41% responded “Extremely important.”
- Contact With Others — 36% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 32% responded “Extremely important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 39% responded “Very important results.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 31% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 37% responded “Important.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 31% responded “More than half the time.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 60% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 51% responded “Every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|45||High school diploma or equivalent|
|9||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RIC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$17.43 hourly, $36,260 annual|
|Employment (2012)||39,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Decline (-3% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||7,400|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Metal and Plastic Machine Workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.