Summary Report for:
51-4121.07 - Solderers and Brazers
Braze or solder together components to assemble fabricated metal parts, using soldering iron, torch, or welding machine and flux.
Sample of reported job titles: Assembly Line Brazer, Brazer, Connector, Electronic Technician, Fabricator, Production Technician, Refrigeration Brazer/Solderer, Refrigeration Specialist, Solderer, Wirer
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Examine seams for defects and rework defective joints or broken parts.
- Align and clamp workpieces together, using rules, squares, or hand tools, or position items in fixtures, jigs, or vises.
- Melt and apply solder along adjoining edges of workpieces to solder joints, using soldering irons, gas torches, or electric-ultrasonic equipment.
- Clean workpieces to remove dirt or excess acid, using chemical solutions, files, wire brushes, or grinders.
- Grind, cut, buff, or bend edges of workpieces to be joined to ensure snug fit, using power grinders and hand tools.
- Clean joints of workpieces with wire brushes or by dipping them into cleaning solutions.
- Guide torches and rods along joints of workpieces to heat them to brazing temperature, melt braze alloys, and bond workpieces together.
- Adjust electric current and timing cycles of resistance welding machines to heat metals to bonding temperature.
- Turn valves to start flow of gases and light flames and adjust valves to obtain desired colors and sizes of flames.
- Melt and apply solder to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products, using soldering equipment.
- Heat soldering irons or workpieces to specified temperatures for soldering, using gas flames or electric current.
- Brush flux onto joints of workpieces or dip braze rods into flux to prevent oxidation of metal.
- Smooth soldered areas with alternate strokes of paddles and torches, leaving soldered sections slightly higher than surrounding areas for later filing.
- Melt and separate brazed or soldered joints to remove and straighten damaged or misaligned components, using hand torches, irons, or furnaces.
- Remove workpieces from fixtures, using tongs, and cool workpieces, using air or water.
- Connect hoses from torches to regulator valves and cylinders of oxygen and specified gas fuels.
- Sweat together workpieces coated with solder.
- Dip workpieces into molten solder or place solder strips between seams and heat seams with irons to bond items together.
- Place solder bars into containers and turn knobs to specified positions to melt solder and regulate its temperature.
- Turn dials to set intensity and duration of ultrasonic impulses, according to work order specifications.
- Select torch tips, flux, and brazing alloys from data charts or work orders.
- Clean equipment parts, such as tips of soldering irons, using chemical solutions or cleaning compounds.
- Remove workpieces from molten solder and hold parts together until color indicates that solder has set.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Adjustable widemouth pliers
- Adjustable wrenches
- Bench vises — Vises
- Blow torch — Oxyacetylene torches; Propane torches
- Deburring tool — Deburring tools
- Desktop computers
- Drill press or radial drill — Drill presses
- Hacksaw — Hacksaws
- Hand clamps
- Induction heaters — Heating coils
- Mill saw file — Single-cut mill saw files
- Notebook computers
- Positioning jig — Jigs; Soldering jigs
- Power grinders
- Power saws — Cutoff saws; Reciprocating saws
- Protective gloves — Waterproof gloves
- Pyrometers — Surface contact pyrometers
- Safety glasses — Welding lenses
- Soldering iron — Soldering irons
- Tape measures
- Tinners snips — Tin snips
- Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe — Lathes
- Tube bending machine — Tube benders
- Ultrasonic welding machine — Ultrasonic soldering equipment
- Utility knives
- Welder torch — Brazing equipment
- Welding electrode — Welding electrodes
- Welding masks — Welding shields
- Welding or cutting tip — Torch tips
- Wire brushes
- Workshop cranes — Jibs
Technology used in this occupation:
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Detailed Work Activities
- Remove products or workpieces from production equipment.
- Select production equipment according to product specifications.
- Align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.
- Smooth metal surfaces or edges.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
- Adjust flow of electricity to tools or production equipment.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate gas flow.
- Clean workpieces or finished products.
- Braze metal parts or components.
- Melt metal, plastic, or other materials to prepare for production.
- Operate grinding equipment.
- Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products.
- Clean production equipment.
- Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production.
- Solder parts or workpieces.
- Immerse objects or workpieces in cleaning or coating solutions.
- Connect supply lines to production equipment or tools.
- Reshape metal workpieces to established specifications.
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 76% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 60% responded “Extremely important.”
- Time Pressure — 70% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 69% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 47% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 53% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Contact With Others — 35% responded “Constant contact with others.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 42% responded “Every day.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 63% responded “Every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 85% responded “40 hours.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 34% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 36% responded “Extremely important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 32% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Spend Time Standing — 38% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 43% responded “Never.”
- Physical Proximity — 37% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 34% responded “No results.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 32% responded “Limited freedom.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 31% responded “Every day.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 44% responded “Every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|45||High school diploma or equivalent|
|38||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: R
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers.
Employment data collected from Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers.
Industry data collected from Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers.
|Median wages (2014)||$17.99 hourly, $37,420 annual|
|Employment (2012)||357,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Slower than average (3% to 7%)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||108,500|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.