Summary Report for:
51-4191.00 - Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
Set up, operate, or tend heating equipment, such as heat-treating furnaces, flame-hardening machines, induction machines, soaking pits, or vacuum equipment to temper, harden, anneal, or heat-treat metal or plastic objects.
Sample of reported job titles: Batch Heat Treat Operator, Batch Operator, Coating Line Worker, Furnace Operator, Heat Treat Operator, Heat Treat Technician, Heat Treater, Machine Operator, Oven Operator, Scarf and Anneal Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Credentials | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information
- Read production schedules and work orders to determine processing sequences, furnace temperatures, and heat cycle requirements for objects to be heat-treated.
- Record times that parts are removed from furnaces to document that objects have attained specified temperatures for specified times.
- Set up and operate or tend machines, such as furnaces, baths, flame-hardening machines, and electronic induction machines, that harden, anneal, and heat-treat metal.
- Determine types and temperatures of baths and quenching media needed to attain specified part hardness, toughness, and ductility, using heat-treating charts and knowledge of methods, equipment, and metals.
- Remove parts from furnaces after specified times, and air dry or cool parts in water, oil brine, or other baths.
- Position stock in furnaces, using tongs, chain hoists, or pry bars.
- Instruct new workers in machine operation.
- Adjust controls to maintain temperatures and heating times, using thermal instruments and charts, dials and gauges of furnaces, and color of stock in furnaces to make setting determinations.
- Determine flame temperatures, current frequencies, heating cycles, and induction heating coils needed, based on degree of hardness required and properties of stock to be treated.
- Load parts into containers and place containers on conveyors to be inserted into furnaces, or insert parts into furnaces.
- Mount workpieces in fixtures, on arbors, or between centers of machines.
- Set up and operate die-quenching machines to prevent parts from warping.
- Move controls to light gas burners and to adjust gas and water flow and flame temperature.
- Reduce heat when processing is complete to allow parts to cool in furnaces or machinery.
- Signal forklift operators to deposit or extract containers of parts into and from furnaces and quenching rinse tanks.
- Test parts for hardness, using hardness testing equipment, or by examining and feeling samples.
- Examine parts to ensure metal shades and colors conform to specifications, using knowledge of metal heat-treating.
- Repair, replace, and maintain furnace equipment as needed, using hand tools.
- Start conveyors and open furnace doors to load stock, or signal crane operators to uncover soaking pits and lower ingots into them.
- Heat billets, bars, plates, rods, and other stock to specified temperatures preparatory to forging, rolling, or processing, using oil, gas, or electrical furnaces.
- Clean oxides and scales from parts or fittings, using steam sprays or chemical and water baths.
- Place completed workpieces on conveyors, using cold rods, tongs, or chain hoists, or signal crane operators to transport them to subsequent stations.
- Stamp heat-treatment identification marks on parts, using hammers and punches.
- Set and adjust speeds of reels and conveyors for prescribed time cycles to pass parts through continuous furnaces.
- Mount fixtures and industrial coils on machines, using hand tools.
- Attach wire or metal to winding mechanisms that will pull parts through furnaces.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Air exhausters — Exhaust gas collection systems
- Blast freezers — Shock freezers
- Bridge cranes
- Carburization and nitrification electric furnace — Carbonitriding equipment
- Claw hammer — Claw hammers
- Conductivity meters — Conductivity testers
- Facial shields — Heat resistant face masks
- Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts
- Fume hoods or cupboards — Suction hoods
- Gas generators — Gas powered generators
- Grease guns — Lubricant guns
- Hand trucks or accessories — Electronic hand trucks
- Hardness testers — Steel hardness testers
- Heat resistant clothing — Protective clothing
- Heat treating age hardening furnace — Annealing furnaces; Atmosphere furnaces; Soaking pits; Tempering furnaces (see all 9 examples)
- High frequency induction vacuum melting furnace — Vacuum heat treating furnaces
- Hoists — Chain hoists
- Jib crane — Free-standing jib cranes
- Leak testing equipment — Vacuum leak detectors
- Magnifiers — Steel hardness scopes
- Manlift or personnel lift — Order pickers
- Open end wrenches — Open end hand wrenches
- Pallet trucks — Pallet jacks; Pallet riders
- Personal computers
- Power grinders — Power grinding tools
- Protective gloves — Fiberglass gloves; Finger protection gloves; Kevlar gloves
- Pry bars
- Quench machine — Quench presses
- Salt bath furnace — Automated salt bath furnaces
- Sand blasting machine — Sand blasters
- Screwdrivers — Slotted screwdrivers
- Shot peening machine — Shot blasters
- Stackers — Winch stackers
- Thermocouples — Digital thermocouples
- Tongs — Industrial furnace tongs
- Vacuum pumps — Mechanical vacuum pumps
Technology used in this occupation:
No knowledge met the minimum score.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
- Writing — Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Static Strength — The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Perceptual Speed — The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Stamina — The ability to exert yourself physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath.
- Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
- Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
- Far Vision — The ability to see details at a distance.
- Gross Body Coordination — The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
- Hearing Sensitivity — The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Depth Perception — The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
- Extent Flexibility — The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
- Flexibility of Closure — The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Response Orientation — The ability to choose quickly between two or more movements in response to two or more different signals (lights, sounds, pictures). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body part.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Documenting/Recording Information — Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Detailed Work Activities
- Remove products or workpieces from production equipment.
- Mount attachments or tools onto production equipment.
- Mount materials or workpieces onto production equipment.
- Record operational or production data.
- Review blueprints or other instructions to determine operational methods or sequences.
- Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate gas flow.
- Load materials into production equipment.
- Determine metal or plastic production methods.
- Study blueprints or other instructions to determine equipment setup requirements.
- Load items into ovens or furnaces.
- Mark products, workpieces, or equipment with identifying information.
- Inspect metal, plastic, or composite products.
- Clean production equipment.
- Feed materials or products into or through equipment.
- Heat material or workpieces to prepare for or complete production.
- Lift materials or workpieces using cranes or other lifting equipment.
- Replace worn equipment components.
- Position raw materials on processing or production equipment.
- Signal others to coordinate work activities.
- Maintain production or processing equipment.
- Repair production equipment or tools.
- Operate heating or drying equipment.
- Move products, materials, or equipment between work areas.
- Adjust position of molds during processing.
- Instruct workers to use equipment or perform technical procedures.
- Exposed to Contaminants — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 100% responded “Every day.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 56% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 63% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 51% responded “Extremely important.”
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 71% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 24% responded “More than half the time.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 76% responded “Every day.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 46% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Standing — 39% responded “More than half the time.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 65% responded “Every day.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 41% responded “A lot of freedom.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 25% responded “Very important.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 36% responded “Very important results.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 45% responded “More than half the time.”
- Time Pressure — 61% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 43% responded “Extremely important.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 48% responded “Every day.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 34% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 31% responded “About half the time.”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 40% responded “Extremely important.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 22% responded “More than half the time.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Conditions — 54% responded “Every day.”
- Physical Proximity — 54% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 28% responded “Moderate responsibility.”
- Consequence of Error — 34% responded “Fairly serious.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 42% responded “High responsibility.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 56% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 29% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 14% responded “Some freedom.”
- Level of Competition — 36% responded “Slightly competitive.”
- Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled — 48% responded “Every day.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|67||High school diploma or equivalent|
|9||Less than high school diploma|
Interest code: RC
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Social Orientation — Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2014)||$16.98 hourly, $35,320 annual|
|Employment (2012)||22,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2012-2022)||Decline (-3% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2012-2022)||4,200|
|Top industries (2012)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014 wage data and 2012-2022 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2012-2022). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.
Job Openings on the Web
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Metal and Plastic Machine Workers . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition.