Summary Report for:
51-6091.00 - Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers
Set up, operate, or tend machines that extrude and form continuous filaments from synthetic materials, such as liquid polymer, rayon, and fiberglass.
Sample of reported job titles: Control Room Operator, Extruder Operator, Extrusion Line Operator, Extrusion Operator, Hot End Operator, Line Technician, Pelletizer Operator, Process Operator, Process Technician, Spindraw Operator
Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Detailed Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings
- Remove excess, entangled, or completed filaments from machines, using hand tools.
- Set up, operate, or tend machines that extrude and form filaments from synthetic materials such as rayon, fiberglass, or liquid polymers.
- Load materials into extruding and forming machines, using hand tools, and adjust feed mechanisms to set feed rates.
- Start metering pumps and observe operation of machines and equipment to ensure continuous flow of filaments extruded through spinnerettes and to detect processing defects.
- Move controls to activate and adjust extruding and forming machines.
- Record details of machine malfunctions.
- Notify other workers of defects, and direct them to adjust extruding and forming machines.
- Press buttons to stop machines when processes are complete or when malfunctions are detected.
- Observe flow of finish across finish rollers, and turn valves to adjust flow to specifications.
- Observe machine operations, control boards, and gauges to detect malfunctions such as clogged bushings and defective binder applicators.
- Open cabinet doors to cut multifilament threadlines away from guides, using scissors.
- Press metering-pump buttons and turn valves to stop flow of polymers.
- Remove polymer deposits from spinnerettes and equipment, using silicone spray, brass chisels, and bronze-wool pads.
- Clean and maintain extruding and forming machines, using hand tools.
- Pass sliver strands through openings in floors to workers on floors below who wind slivers onto tubes.
- Turn petcocks to adjust the flow of binding fluid to sleeves.
- Turn rheostats to obtain specified temperatures in electric furnaces where glass is melted.
- Record operational data on tags, and attach tags to machines.
- Lower pans inside cabinets to catch molten filaments until flow of polymer through packs has stopped.
- Pull extruded fiberglass filaments over sleeves where binding solution is applied, and into grooves of graphite shoes that bind filaments into single strands of sliver.
- Wipe finish rollers with cloths and wash finish trays with water when necessary.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
- Allen wrench — Allen wrench sets
- Analytical balances — Electronic balances
- Blow torch — Gas torches
- Blowers or dryers — Loader dryers
- Calipers — Digital calipers
- Cleaning scrapers
- Conveyor feeders — Gravimetric feeders; Polymer feed systems
- Counters — Fray counters
- Dial indicator or dial gauge — Dial indicators
- Electronic counters
- Extruders — Glass material extruders; Synthetic material extruders
- Forklifts — Wheeled forklifts
- Furnaces — Industrial ovens
- Gage block set — Gage block sets
- Hopper scale — Weigh feeders
- Humidity sensor — Dryer monitors
- Industrial shrink wrap equipment — Shrink wrappers
- Intensive mixers — Color blenders
- Label making machines — Label makers
- Ladders — Stepladders
- Laser printers — Computer laser printers
- Loading equipment — Haul off machines
- Micrometers — Digital micrometers; Laser micrometers
- Multi tool pliers — Multitools
- Open end wrenches — Adjustable open end wrenches
- Personal computers
- Power drills
- Power staple guns — Automated staple guns
- Processing tanks — Material hoppers
- Pyrometers — Digital pyrometers
- Screwdrivers — Phillips screwdrivers
- Staple guns — Stapling machines
- Stereo or dissecting light microscopes — Benchtop microscopes
- Storage tanks — Vacuum tanks
- Tachometers — Digital tachometers
- Tape measures — Measuring tapes
- Tension testers — Tensile testers
- Thickness measuring devices — Die gauges
- Thread unravelling machine — Yarn splicers
- Wire drawing machine — Wire drawing machines
- Wire gauge — Wire gauge testers
Technology used in this occupation:
- Industrial control software — Camstar Manufacturing Execution System MES; Statistical control process SPC software
- Spreadsheet software — Microsoft Excel
Hot Technology — a technology requirement frequently included in employer job postings.
- Mechanical — Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Production and Processing — Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
- Operation Monitoring — Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
- Monitoring — Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
- Operation and Control — Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
- Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Equipment Maintenance — Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
- Quality Control Analysis — Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
- Coordination — Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
- Judgment and Decision Making — Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
- Repairing — Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Speaking — Talking to others to convey information effectively.
- Control Precision — The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
- Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
- Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
- Finger Dexterity — The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
- Arm-Hand Steadiness — The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
- Manual Dexterity — The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
- Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
- Oral Expression — The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
- Reaction Time — The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
- Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Multilimb Coordination — The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
- Trunk Strength — The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
- Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Rate Control — The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object or scene.
- Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
- Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
- Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
- Speech Clarity — The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
- Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
- Performing General Physical Activities — Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
- Controlling Machines and Processes — Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
- Handling and Moving Objects — Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
- Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material — Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
- Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
- Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings — Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
- Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People — Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
- Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment — Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
- Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards — Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
- Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
- Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
- Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment — Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
- Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information — Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
- Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates — Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
- Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
- Repairing and Maintaining Electronic Equipment — Servicing, repairing, calibrating, regulating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
- Training and Teaching Others — Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Detailed Work Activities
- Remove products or workpieces from production equipment.
- Record operational or production data.
- Monitor equipment operation to ensure proper functioning.
- Watch operating equipment to detect malfunctions.
- Cut industrial materials in preparation for fabrication or processing.
- Adjust temperature controls of ovens or other heating equipment.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of production materials or products.
- Load materials into production equipment.
- Adjust equipment controls to regulate flow of water, cleaning solutions, or other liquids.
- Mark products, workpieces, or equipment with identifying information.
- Operate metal or plastic forming equipment.
- Clean production equipment.
- Notify others of equipment repair or maintenance needs.
- Operate pumping systems or equipment.
- Signal others to coordinate work activities.
- Maintain production or processing equipment.
- Position containers to receive materials or workpieces.
- Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable — 91% responded “Every day.”
- Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets — 92% responded “Every day.”
- Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment — 86% responded “Extremely important.”
- Responsible for Others' Health and Safety — 86% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Work With Work Group or Team — 74% responded “Extremely important.”
- Consequence of Error — 84% responded “Extremely serious.”
- Face-to-Face Discussions — 13% responded “Once a week or more but not every day.”
- Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — 67% responded “Extremely important.”
- Very Hot or Cold Temperatures — 51% responded “Every day.”
- Contact With Others — 19% responded “Contact with others most of the time.”
- Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — 15% responded “Never.”
- Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings — 73% responded “Every day.”
- Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results — 56% responded “Very important results.”
- Responsibility for Outcomes and Results — 62% responded “Very high responsibility.”
- Exposed to Contaminants — 18% responded “Never.”
- Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — 49% responded “Extremely important.”
- Physical Proximity — 59% responded “Moderately close (at arm's length).”
- Coordinate or Lead Others — 38% responded “Extremely important.”
- Exposed to Hazardous Equipment — 20% responded “Never.”
- Structured versus Unstructured Work — 58% responded “Some freedom.”
- Time Pressure — 52% responded “Every day.”
- Level of Competition — 36% responded “Extremely competitive.”
- Freedom to Make Decisions — 35% responded “Some freedom.”
- Spend Time Standing — 43% responded “More than half the time.”
- Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls — 37% responded “About half the time.”
- Frequency of Decision Making — 42% responded “Every day.”
- Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body — 47% responded “About half the time.”
- Duration of Typical Work Week — 49% responded “More than 40 hours.”
- Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — 15% responded “Continually or almost continually.”
- Spend Time Walking and Running — 45% responded “About half the time.”
- Degree of Automation — 41% responded “Highly automated.”
|Title||Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed|
|Education||These occupations usually require a high school diploma.|
|Related Experience||Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations often involve using your knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include sheet metal workers, forest fire fighters, customer service representatives, physical therapist aides, salespersons (retail), and tellers.|
|SVP Range||(4.0 to < 6.0)|
Percentage of Respondents
|Education Level Required|
|92||High school diploma or equivalent|
Interest code: R
- Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
- Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
- Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
- Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
- Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
- Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
- Concern for Others — Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
- Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
- Independence — Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
- Persistence — Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
- Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.
- Self Control — Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
- Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
- Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
- Leadership — Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
- Support — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
- Relationships — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
- Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Wages & Employment Trends
|Median wages (2015)||$15.85 hourly, $32,980 annual|
|Employment (2014)||20,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2014-2024)||Decline (-2% or lower)|
|Projected job openings (2014-2024)||2,100|
|Top industries (2014)|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data and 2014-2024 employment projections . "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.